AIM/Material Model Application to India and Japan - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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AIM/Material Model Application to India and Japan

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  1. AIM/Material ModelApplication to India and Japan Ashish RANA National Institute for Environmental Studies Session 7: Asia-Pacific Integrated Model (AIM): Applications / Case Studies APEIS Capacity Building Workshop on Integrated Environment Assessment in the Asia Pacific Region October 24-26, 2002 Hotel Grand Inter-Continental, New Delhi, India

  2. Coverage in this workshop • Summary (Session 4) For understanding AIM/Material model • What is AIM/Material model? • Model formulation • Necessary data for simulation • Future scenario • Training (Session 5) • Operation of AIM/Material model • Application (This session) • Application of AIM/Material model to India and Japan

  3. Application of AIM/Material model • Model • Basic economic structure is the same as the training model • The differences are as follows; • Disaggregate the environmental industry • More detailed solid waste type • Three types of waste treatment: direct final disposal, direct reuse, and intermediate treatment.

  4. Overview of complex model Government Tax, subsidy, public service, and public investment Household Final consumption Resource input Market Reuse Production sector Solid waste Waste management Intermediate treatment Investment Disposal Env. industry Final disposal site CO2 Other inter- mediate input Capital Labor Energy Pollution Resource input Environmental Investment

  5. Application of AIM/Material model • Application to India • simulation of toxic waste reduction • simulation of mitigation of economic impact by introducing countermeasures • Application to Japan • simulation of CO2 reduction (Kyoto target) • simulation of final disposal of solid waste • simulation of mitigation of economic impact by introducing countermeasures

  6. - Application of AIM/Material to India - Sectors of AIM/Material [India]

  7. - Application of AIM/Material to India - Waste categories of AIM/Material [India] Left column represents industrial waste classification. Right column represents both industrial and municipal waste classification.

  8. - Application of AIM/Material to India - Waste to goods in AIM/Material [India]

  9. - Application of AIM/Material to India - Scenarios for policy analysisusing AIM/Material [India] • Scenario 1 • Reference scenario – no interventions • Scenario 2 • Toxic Constraint Scenario – limit the discharge of toxic wastes. • Scenario 3 • Countermeasures – environmental investment with waste management efficiency improvement

  10. - Application of AIM/Material to India - GDP change of reference case

  11. - Application of AIM/Material to India - Trajectory of final disposal waste

  12. - Application of AIM/Material to India - Year 2009 2010 0 -1 -2 (Constant 1993-94 prices) Rs. billion -3 toxic waste constraint without policy -4 toxic waste constraint with -5 policy -6 GDP change due to toxic waste constraintand GDP mitigation by introduction of policy

  13. - Application of AIM/Material to India - Output changes in each sectorin 2010 over reference case

  14. Example of AIM/Material Model • Application to India • simulation of toxic waste reduction • simulation of mitigation of economic impact by introducing countermeasures • Application to Japan • simulation of CO2 reduction (Kyoto target) • simulation of final disposal of solid waste • simulation of mitigation of economic impact by introducing countermeasures

  15. - Application of AIM/Material to Japan - Sectors and commodities of AIM/Material [Japan]

  16. - Application of AIM/Material to Japan - Classification of solid waste in AIM/Material [Japan] Yellow cells represent both industrial waste and municipal waste classification. White cells represent industrial waste classification.

  17. - Application of AIM/Material to Japan - GDP change of Japanin reference case

  18. - Application of AIM/Material to Japan - GDP loss due to CO2 reduction& final disposal reduction of wastes GDP loss 0.2% of GDP

  19. - Application of AIM/Material to Japan - Mitigation of GDP loss byvarious countermeasures GDP loss Mitigation by green consumption Mitigation by subsidy to waste treatment Mitigation by technology improvement Mitigation by env. industry & investment

  20. Future activities • Application of AIM/Material to other countries • Simulation of other countermeasures • Linkage to AIM/Emission and AIM/CGE • Including other environments such as natural assets