THE JUDICIAL BRANCH. SSCG 16abcd. The Judicial Branch was created by Article III of the Constitution and developed and spelled out in the Judiciary Act of 1789. The Nature of the Judicial System. Introduction: Two types of cases:
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The Judicial Branch was created by Article III of the Constitution and developed and spelled out in the Judiciary Act of 1789.
BALIFF: Court attendant entrusted with keeping order in a courtroom during a trial.
Jury—the people (normally 12) who often decide the outcome of a case
Ringleader of the
Plaintiff—the party bringing the charge
Defendant—the party being charged
Keeps the transcript
of court proceedings
United States Constitution.
On the federal level, POTUS will look at three key ingredients for a Justice
THIS IS A PRESIDENT’S GREATEST LEGACY…why?
SAMUEL A. ALITO, Jr.
1991—(G HW Bush)
2005— (GW Bush)
It all began
While the Federalists no longer ruled the executive branch, they remained powerful in the judicial branch.
Adams had earlier appointed John Marshall, a Federalist, as Chief Justice of the Supreme Court.
Just before Adams left office, President Adams pushed a law through Congress called the Judiciary Act of 1801.
It increased the number of justices on the Supreme Court to sixteen. Adams quickly filled the positions with Federalists.
These judges became known as the MIDNIGHT JUDGES.
Jefferson and the Republicans were angry when they came into office the next day. They argued that these appointments were not valid.
One of the appointed, William Marbury, wanted their judicial appointment.
It went to the Supreme Court.
In Marbury v. Madison, Marbury argued that he should have received his commission as stated under the Judiciary Act of 1789.
The Supreme Court ruled that the Judiciary Act of 1801 was unconstitutional in the first place. The Court ruled that the Constitution contained no provision for the Supreme Court to issue such orders as the act required.
This decision established the principle of judicial review— power to declare and act by Congress, the President, anyone, unconstitutional.
This proved our government worked and that is why it is one of the MOST IMPORTANT COURT CASES IN US HISTORY!!!!!!!!!
"It is emphatically the province and duty of the judicial department to say what the law is."
Opinion of the Court: Majority Ruling.
If the court agrees to hear a case, these are the following steps:
The Courts and the Policy Agenda
Understanding the Courts
1st Impactful Supreme Court
Sandra Day O’Connor
1st female justice
Supreme Court Justice.
Your word is law: Justices hold great influence over the shaping & interpretation of American law, and their caseloads require them to grapple with important constitutional issues that can have long-lasting impacts.
get the summers off.
And since they do not allow cameras in the courtroom, they get cool drawings like this!
Unlike non-feds, they can not be denied coverage or charged a higher premium rate based upon any pre-existing conditions.
YET, WHO WAS THE DECIDING VOTE IN THE SUPREME COURT WHEN IT CAME TO PRESIDENT OBAMA’S HEALTHCARE MANDATE?
Judges should interpret law loosely, using their power to promote their preferred political and social goals. Judges are said to be activists when they are likely to interject their own values in court decision.
Leans to the left on public policy and would vote Democrat.
Leans to the right on public policy and would vote Republican.
Legislators, not judges, should make the laws. Judges are said to exercise judicial restraint when they rule closely to statutes and previous cases when reaching their decisions. They follow the “original intent” of the framers.