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Perception of ageing and the third age (comparative analysis). Vladimir Kozlov LCSS-HSE, August 2011. Theoretical background. Developmental psychology and theory of the social development E. Erikson (1959) E. Erikson & J. Erikson (1986, 1987)
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Developmental psychology and theory of the social development
E. Erikson (1959)
E. Erikson & J. Erikson (1986, 1987)
Analysis of the personal attitudes towards age and ageing
Bennett (1973), Rosencranz (1969)
What are the main determinants of the personal attitude towards seniors and the old age?
If a person feels younger, than his/her real age, the youth should finish and the old should age should start later. However the attitude to the seniors in this case cannot be previously easily predicted.
The attitudes should depend on the character of experience. The subjective age should increase if the experience positive (old people are just not perceived as old).
The attitude towards seniors among tolerant persons should be more positive. However the tolerant person should take no care to the age when youth finishes and old age starts.
People who are socially active s.p. are not afraid of ageing and pension, because they will feel useful for the society anyway. So they should have positive attitude to ageing. The average subjective age of old should be higher
If the ageing is considered as a time of helplessness and an additional risk, the person who is vulnerable (by subjective or objective characteristics) has worse attitude to this time period. The influence of this characteristic on the subjective age is not so clear.
The same conclusions as in the previous group. The ageing can be considered as additional risk.
Previous Russian research works in the similar field, based on ESS3-2006 :
Zakharov (2010) “When a girl becomes a woman…”.
Monusova (2011) “Subjective wellbeing and age…”.
At what age persons stop generally being described as young
At what age persons start generally being described as old
How most people view status of people over 70
Overall how negative or positive feel towards people over 70
People over 70 a burden on health service
People over 70 contribution to the economy
Most people view those over 70 with pity
Most people view those over 70 with admiration