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Perception of ageing and the third age (comparative analysis). Vladimir Kozlov LCSS-HSE, August 2011. Theoretical background. Developmental psychology and theory of the social development E. Erikson (1959) E. Erikson & J. Erikson (1986, 1987)

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perception of ageing and the third age comparative analysis

Perception of ageing and the third age (comparative analysis)

Vladimir Kozlov

LCSS-HSE,

August 2011

theoretical background

Theoretical background

Developmental psychology and theory of the social development

E. Erikson (1959)

E. Erikson & J. Erikson (1986, 1987)

Analysis of the personal attitudes towards age and ageing

Bennett (1973), Rosencranz (1969)

research question
Research question

What are the main determinants of the personal attitude towards seniors and the old age?

dependent variables
Dependent variables
  • Perceived age in the society:
  • AGE PEOPLE STOP BEING DESCRIBED AS YOUNG
  • AGE PEOPLE START BEING DESCRIBED AS OLD
  • Aggregate index of the personal attitudes towards seniors (objective characteristic, persons older than 70) in society
hypotheses
Hypotheses
  • Personal attitude to age.

If a person feels younger, than his/her real age, the youth should finish and the old should age should start later. However the attitude to the seniors in this case cannot be previously easily predicted.

hypotheses1
Hypotheses
  • Personal positive/negative experience of the relationships with old persons (friends, relatives, colleagues)

The attitudes should depend on the character of experience. The subjective age should increase if the experience positive (old people are just not perceived as old).

hypotheses2
Hypotheses
  • Personal high tolerance (incl. tolerance to the seniors)

The attitude towards seniors among tolerant persons should be more positive. However the tolerant person should take no care to the age when youth finishes and old age starts.

hypothesis
Hypothesis
  • Active lifestyle

People who are socially active s.p. are not afraid of ageing and pension, because they will feel useful for the society anyway. So they should have positive attitude to ageing. The average subjective age of old should be higher

hypotheses3
Hypotheses
  • Helplessness feeling and high risk (either potential or excising)

If the ageing is considered as a time of helplessness and an additional risk, the person who is vulnerable (by subjective or objective characteristics) has worse attitude to this time period. The influence of this characteristic on the subjective age is not so clear.

hypotheses4
Hypotheses
  • Belonging to a discriminated group

The same conclusions as in the previous group. The ageing can be considered as additional risk.

control variables microlevel
Control variables (microlevel)
  • Socio-demographic and family characteristics
  • Expectations from the pensions and health system, standards of living
  • Attitude to the welfare state and its benefits
data sources
Data sources
  • European Social Survey (ESS4) – 2008

Previous Russian research works in the similar field, based on ESS3-2006 :

Zakharov (2010) “When a girl becomes a woman…”.

Monusova (2011) “Subjective wellbeing and age…”.

control variables macrolevel
Control variables (macrolevel)
  • Demographic
  • Economic
  • Social
  • Political
methods
Methods
  • Factor analysis and index constructing
  • OLS-regressions (personal level)
  • Multilevel analysis (personal level and country level)
  • Cluster analysis (country level)
perception of ageing cross country
Perception of ageing, cross-country

At what age persons stop generally being described as young

At what age persons start generally being described as old

attitude to the ageing overall
Attitude to the ageing,overall

How most people view status of people over 70

Overall how negative or positive feel towards people over 70

attitude to the ageing economic position
Attitude to the ageing,economic position

People over 70 a burden on health service

People over 70 contribution to the economy

attitude to the ageing psychological position
Attitude to the ageing,psychological position

Most people view those over 70 with pity

Most people view those over 70 with admiration