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Civilization of India - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Civilization of India. Civilizations of India. Classical Indian civilization began in the Indus River Valley, spread to the Ganges River Valley, and then spread throughout the Indian subcontinent. This spread continued with little interruption because of the geographic location.

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civilizations of india
Civilizations of India
  • Classical Indian civilization began in the Indus River Valley, spread to the Ganges River Valley, and then spread throughout the Indian subcontinent.
  • This spread continued with little interruption because of the geographic location.
physical geography of india
Physical Geography of India
  • Physical barriers made invasion difficult
    • Himalayas
    • Hindu Kush
      • Kyhber Pass
    • Indian Ocean
slide6

The Indus and Ganges were the important rivers in India

  • Mountain passes in the Hindu Kush provided migration routes into India
slide7

http://apod.nasa.gov/apod/image/0011/earthlights2_dmsp_big.jpghttp://apod.nasa.gov/apod/image/0011/earthlights2_dmsp_big.jpg

indus river valley civilization
Indus River Valley civilization

Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro

fun facts for harappa
Fun Facts for Harappa
  • Over 400 symbols
  • Plumbing
  • 1st Domesticated Chickens
  • Many cities are impossible to excavate
decline of harappan society
Decline of Harappan Society
  • Deforestation of the Indus Valley

Or

  • Periodic flooding of the Indus River or earthquakes
aryans indo aryans
Aryans (Indo-Aryans)
  • Migration, assertion of dominance
slide13

Brahmins

Kshatriyas

Vaishyas

Shudras

caste system1
Caste System
  • Influenced all social interactions and choices of occupations
epics of india
Epics of India
  • Sacred writings of Hindu
  • Mahabharata part of the Bhagavad Gita
    • Story of a warrior prince about to go to war
    • Krishna is his chariot driver.
    • Krishna tells prince how to live, fight, and die properly
directions for activity
Directions for Activity
  • Read pages 63-65 (Aryans Transform India)
  • Write down three things that you find interesting or didn’t know about the topic
  • EVERYONE must share!
slide20

Chandragupta Maurya

Mauryan

Empire

Alexander

mauryan empire asoka
Mauryan Empire - Asoka
  • Continued political unification of much of India
  • Contributions:
  • Spread of Buddhism
  • free hospitals
  • veterinary clinics,
  • good roads
gupta empire
Gupta Empire
  • Golden Age of classical Indian culture
  • Contributions:
    • Mathematics (concept of zero),
    • Medical advances (setting bones),
    • Astronomy (concept of a round earth),
    • New textiles,
    • Literature