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King of the Jews. King of the Jews. How Learning a Little about Jewish Culture Can Help You Know Jesus and What He Taught Even Better!. Cultural Concepts of Jesus. Chinese Jesus?. Cultural Concepts of Jesus. African Jesus?. Cultural Concepts of Jesus. European Jesus?.

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King of the Jews


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    1. King of the Jews

    2. King of the Jews How Learning a Little about Jewish Culture Can Help You Know Jesus and What He Taught Even Better!

    3. Cultural Concepts of Jesus Chinese Jesus?

    4. Cultural Concepts of Jesus African Jesus?

    5. Cultural Concepts of Jesus European Jesus?

    6. Cultural Concepts of Jesus Jeepney Jesus?

    7. Jesus Within His Own Culture “If we are to understand the thrust of Jesus’ ministry, we must project ourselves as far as possible into the worldview and mindset of a first-century Jew.” (N.T. Wright. “Jerusalem in the New Testament;” Jerusalem Past and Present in the Purposes of God. P. W. L. Walker, ed., pp. 53–77. 2nd edn. 1994. Grand Rapids: Baker.)

    8. Jesus Within His Own Culture • The Land, Jerusalem, and the Temple • Synagogues • The Law of Moses • Work and the Sabbath • Appointed Times • Hems, Corners, and Tassels • “Good Eye, Bad Eye” • “Binding and Loosing” • “The Greatest Commandment” • “Born Again”

    9. 1. The Land, Jerusalem, and the Temple A. The Land

    10. But when Herod was dead, behold, an angel of the Lord appeared in a dream to Joseph in Egypt, saying, “Arise, take the young Child and His mother, and go to the land of Israel, for those who sought the young Child's life are dead.” Then he arose, took the young Child and His mother, and came into the land of Israel (Mat 2:19-21).

    11. But when Herod was dead, behold, an angel of the Lord appeared in a dream to Joseph in Egypt, saying, “Arise, take the young Child and His mother, and go to the land of Israel, for those who sought the young Child's life are dead.” Then he arose, took the young Child and His mother, and came into the land of Israel (Mat 2:19-21).

    12. “…I [the LORD] give to you [Abraham] and your descendants after you the land in which you are a stranger, all the land of Canaan, as an everlasting possession” (Gen 12:1). “Dwell in this land, and I will be with you [Isaac] and bless you; for to you and your descendants I give all these lands, and I will perform the oath which I swore to Abraham your father” (Gen 26:3). “I am the LORD God of Abraham your father and the God of Isaac; the land on which you [Jacob] lie I will give to you and your descendants” (Gen 28:13).

    13. “…I [the LORD] give to you [Abraham] and your descendants after you the land in which you are a stranger, all the land of Canaan, as an everlasting possession” (Gen 12:1). “Dwell in this land, and I will be with you [Isaac] and bless you; for to you and your descendants I give all these lands, and I will perform the oath which I swore to Abraham your father” (Gen 26:3). “I am the LORD God of Abraham your father and the God of Isaac; the land on which you [Jacob] lie I will give to you and your descendants” (Gen 28:13).

    14. 1. The Land, Jerusalem, and the Temple A. The Land

    15. To Europe To Asia To Africa

    16. Snow

    17. Desert

    18. Tropical

    19. Jungle

    20. Plains

    21. Beach

    22. Forest

    23. General Mediterranean Climate

    24. Then the LORD said to Moses, “Depart and go up from here, you and the people whom you have brought out of the land of Egypt, to the land of which I swore to Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, saying, ‘To your descendants I will give it’ ” (Exo 33:1). “If any of you [Israelites] are driven out [of the land] to the farthest parts under heaven, from there the LORD your God will gather you, and from there He will bring you. Then the LORD your God will bring you to the land which your fathers possessed, and you shall possess it. He will prosper you and multiply you more than your fathers. And the LORD your God will circumcise your heart and the heart of your descendants, to love the LORD your God with all your heart and with all your soul, that you may live” (Deu 30:4-6).

    25. Then the LORD said to Moses, “Depart and go up from here, you and the people whom you have brought out of the land of Egypt, to the land of which I swore to Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, saying, ‘To your descendants I will give it’ ” (Exo 33:1). “If any of you [Israelites] are driven out [of the land] to the farthest parts under heaven, from there the LORD your God will gather you, and from there He will bring you. Then the LORD your God will bring you to the land which your fathers possessed, and you shall possess it. He will prosper you and multiply you more than your fathers. And the LORD your God will circumcise your heart and the heart of your descendants, to love the LORD your God with all your heart and with all your soul, that you may live” (Deu 30:4-6).

    26. Then the LORD said to Moses, “Depart and go up from here, you and the people whom you have brought out of the land of Egypt, to the land of which I swore to Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, saying, ‘To your descendants I will give it’ ” (Exo 33:1). “If any of you [Israelites] are driven out [of the land] to the farthest parts under heaven, from there the LORD your God will gather you, and from there He will bring you. Then the LORD your God will bring you to the land which your fathers possessed, and you shall possess it. He will prosper you and multiply you more than your fathers. And the LORD your God will circumcise your heart and the heart of your descendants, to love the LORD your God with all your heart and with all your soul, that you may live” (Deu 30:4-6).

    27. “Behold, the days are coming,” says the LORD, “when I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel and with the house of Judah -- not according to the covenant that I made with their fathers in the day that I took them by the hand to lead them out of the land of Egypt, My covenant which they broke, though I was a husband to them,” says the LORD. “But this is the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel after those days,” says the LORD: “I will put My law in their minds, and write it on their hearts; and I will be their God, and they shall be My people. No more shall every man teach his neighbor, and every man his brother, saying, ‘Know the LORD,’ for they all shall know Me, from the least of them to the greatest of them,” says the LORD. “For I will forgive their iniquity, and their sin I will remember no more” (Jer 31:31-34).

    28. “Behold, the days are coming,” says the LORD, “when I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel and with the house of Judah -- not according to the covenant that I made with their fathers in the day that I took them by the hand to lead them out of the land of Egypt, My covenant which they broke, though I was a husband to them,” says the LORD. “But this is the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel after those days,” says the LORD: “I will put My law in their minds, and write it on their hearts; and I will be their God, and they shall be My people. No more shall every man teach his neighbor, and every man his brother, saying, ‘Know the LORD,’ for they all shall know Me, from the least of them to the greatest of them,” says the LORD. “For I will forgive their iniquity, and their sin I will remember no more” (Jer 31:31-34).

    29. “Turn back, O virgin of Israel [i.e. the northern tribes; see vs 20], turn back to these your cities.” (Jer 31:21). Thus says the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel: “They shall again use this speech in the land of Judah and in its cities, when I bring back their [Judah’s, the southern tribes’] captivity: ‘The LORD bless you, O home of justice, and mountain of holiness!’ And there shall dwell in Judah itself, and in all its cities together, farmers and those going out with flocks” (Jer 31:23,24).

    30. “Turn back, O virgin of Israel [i.e. the northern tribes; see vs 20], turn back to these your cities.” (Jer 31:21). Thus says the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel: “They shall again use this speech in the land of Judah and in its cities, when I bring back their [Judah’s, the southern tribes’] captivity: ‘The LORD bless you, O home of justice, and mountain of holiness!’ And there shall dwell in Judah itself, and in all its cities together, farmers and those going out with flocks” (Jer 31:23,24).

    31. “Turn back, O virgin of Israel [i.e. the northern tribes; see vs 20], turn back to these your cities.” (Jer 31:21). Thus says the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel: “They shall again use this speech in the land of Judah and in its cities, when I bring back their [Judah’s, the southern tribes’] captivity: ‘The LORD bless you, O home of justice, and mountain of holiness!’ And there shall dwell in Judah itself, and in all its cities together, farmers and those going out with flocks” (Jer 31:23,24).

    32. “Behold, the days are coming,” says the LORD, that the city [of Jerusalem] shall be built for the LORD from the Tower of Hananel to the Corner Gate. The surveyor's line shall again extend straight forward over the hill Gareb; then it shall turn toward Goath. And the whole valley of the dead bodies and of the ashes, and all the fields as far as the Brook Kidron, to the corner of the Horse Gate toward the east, shall be holy to the LORD. It shall not be plucked up or thrown down anymore forever” (Jer 31:38-40).

    33. “Behold, the days are coming,” says the LORD, that the city [of Jerusalem] shall be built for the LORD from the Tower of Hananel to the Corner Gate. The surveyor's line shall again extend straight forward over the hill Gareb; then it shall turn toward Goath. And the whole valley of the dead bodies and of the ashes, and all the fields as far as the Brook Kidron, to the corner of the Horse Gate toward the east, shall be holy to the LORD. It shall not be plucked up or thrown down anymore forever” (Jer 31:38-40).

    34. “ ‘For I will cause the captives of the land to return as at the first,’ says the LORD. Thus says the LORD of hosts: ‘In this place which is desolate, without man and without beast, and in all its cities, there shall again be a dwelling place of shepherds causing their flocks to lie down. In the cities of the mountains, in the cities of the lowland, in the cities of the South, in the land of Benjamin, in the places around Jerusalem, and in the cities of Judah, the flocks shall again pass under the hands of him who counts them,’ says the LORD. ‘Behold, the days are coming,’ says the LORD, ‘that I will perform that good thing which I have promised to the house of Israel and to the house of Judah: In those days and at that time I will cause to grow up to David a Branch of Righteousness; He shall execute judgment and righteousness in the land. In those days Judah will be saved, and Jerusalem will dwell safely. And this is the name by which she will be called: THE LORD OUR RIGHTEOUSNESS.’ ” (Jer 33:7-16).

    35. “ ‘For I will cause the captives of the land to return as at the first,’ says the LORD. Thus says the LORD of hosts: ‘In this place which is desolate, without man and without beast, and in all its cities, there shall again be a dwelling place of shepherds causing their flocks to lie down. In the cities of the mountains, in the cities of the lowland, in the cities of the South, in the land of Benjamin, in the places around Jerusalem, and in the cities of Judah, the flocks shall again pass under the hands of him who counts them,’ says the LORD. ‘Behold, the days are coming,’ says the LORD, ‘that I will perform that good thing which I have promised to the house of Israel and to the house of Judah: In those days and at that time I will cause to grow up to David a Branch of Righteousness; He shall execute judgment and righteousness in the land. In those days Judah will be saved, and Jerusalem will dwell safely. And this is the name by which she will be called: THE LORD OUR RIGHTEOUSNESS.’ ” (Jer 33:7-16).

    36. The question for Israel is not “if” they will finally inherit all the Land that God has promised to them, but “when.” Jesus is portrayed in the Gospels, Acts, and the Epistles as a Messiah who not only came to die for the sins of the world, but who will bring to pass what was promised to the patriarchs and to the people of Israel, including what was promised to them concerning the Land.

    37. “He has helped His servant Israel, in remembrance of His mercy, as He spoke to our fathers, to Abraham and to his descendants forever…” (Luk 1:54,55). “To perform the mercy promised to our fathers, and to remember His holy covenant, the oath which He swore to our father Abraham…” (Luk 1:72,73).

    38. “You [unbelieving Jews] are sons…of the covenant which God made with our fathers, saying to Abraham, 'And in your seed all the families of the earth shall be blessed’ ” (Act 3:25,26). “…my countrymen according to the flesh, who are Israelites, to whom pertain…the covenants…the promises…of whom are the fathers…” (Rom 9:3,4).

    39. For modern non-Jewish Christians, the issue of the Land often seems fairly insignificant. However, if God could change His mind and plan concerning His giving of that specific Land to the Israelites, as promised, then He can change His mind and plan concerning His giving of eternal life to those of us who have trusted in Christ. In short, the Land is important because it demonstrates God’s faithfulness in all His ways, the material and the non-material.

    40. 1. The Land, Jerusalem, and the Temple A. The Land B. Jerusalem

    41. Now as [Jesus] drew near, He saw [Jerusalem] and wept over it, saying, “If you had known, even you, especially in this your day, the things that make for your peace! But now they are hidden from your eyes” (Luk 19:41,42).

    42. Now as [Jesus] drew near, He saw [Jerusalem] and wept over it, saying, “If you had known, even you, especially in this your day, the things that make for your peace! But now they are hidden from your eyes” (Luk 19:41,42).

    43. JERUSALEM

    44. “…Jerusalem, the city which I have chosen for Myself, to put My name there” (1Kgs 11:36). “…Jerusalem, the city which the LORD had chosen out of all the tribes of Israel, to put His name there” (2Chr 12:13). “Pray for the peace of Jerusalem. May they prosper who love you” (Psa 122:6). “If I forget you, O Jerusalem, let my right hand forget its skill!” (Psa 137:5). “For out of Zion shall go forth the law, and the word of the LORD from Jerusalem” (Isa 2:3; See also Mic 4:2).

    45. “…Jerusalem, the city which I have chosen for Myself, to put My name there” (1Kgs 11:36). “…Jerusalem, the city which the LORD had chosen out of all the tribes of Israel, to put His name there” (2Chr 12:13). “Pray for the peace of Jerusalem. May they prosper who love you” (Psa 122:6). “If I forget you, O Jerusalem, let my right hand forget its skill!” (Psa 137:5). “For out of Zion shall go forth the law, and the word of the LORD from Jerusalem” (Isa 2:3; See also Mic 4:2).

    46. “Jerusalem remained the focal point of everything that the Jews were and did.” (N.T. Wright. “Jerusalem in the New Testament;” Jerusalem Past and Present in the Purposes of God. P. W. L. Walker, ed., pp. 53–77. 2nd edn. 1994. Grand Rapids: Baker.

    47. “…that repentance and remission of sins should be preached in [Jesus’] name to all nations, beginning at Jerusalem” (Luk 24:47). “But you shall receive power when the Holy Spirit has come upon you; and you shall be witnesses to Me in Jerusalem, and in all Judea and Samaria, and to the end of the earth” (Act 1:8).