The Australian Parliamentary System. Unit 3- Outcome 1- Parliament and the Citizen. Key Terms. Bicameral Government Separation of Powers Crown. A Westminister System. Australia’s legal system is based on the British legal system, known as the Westminster system.
JUDICIAL WORKING INDEPENDENTLY
1) laws must be made (the legislative function)
2) laws must be administered (the administrative or executive function)
3) laws must be applied when disputes arise (the judicial function).
Functions of Government
Cabinet and Ministers
Consider a person charged with the importation of heroin. Importation of an illicit drug is an offence under Commonwealth legislation.
This legislation was passed by the Commonwealth Parliament—an example of the legislative function. The offence was most likely to have been detected by police or customs officials. Surveillance by the Australian customs service is an example of the executive function. Eventually the offender would be tried and, if found guilty, convicted and sentenced by a court—an example of the judicial function.
Understanding the Separation of Powers