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  1. Sudan By: Harper Griffin Muslim Countries: A Current Events Project

  2. Geography • Tropical in South, arid desert in North, rainy season varies by region (April to November) • Location= Northern Africa, between Egypt and Eritrea • Slightly more than ¼ of US • Generally flat, featureless plain; mountains in far South, Northeast, and West; desert dominates the North • Lowest Point= Red Sea (0 m) • Highest Point= Kinveti (3,187 m)

  3. General Information Ethnic Groups • Sudanese (70%) • Other= Fur, Beja, Noba, Fallata Religion • Sunni Muslim • Small Christian Minority Languages • Official= Arabic & English • Other= Nubian, Ta, Bedawie, Fur Population • Total= 45,047,502 • In Comparison to World= 29%

  4. More population Statistics Female Male • 0- 14 years= 42.1% • Female= 9,286,894 • 15-64 years= 55.2% • Female= 12,571,424 • 64 years and over= 2.7% • Female= 596, 559 • 0- 14 years= 42.1% • Male= 9,696,726 • 15- 64 years= 55.2% • Male= 12,282,082 • 64 years and over= 2.7% • Male= 613,817

  5. Education Literacy Rates • Total Population= 61.1% • Male= 71.8% • Female= 50.5% • Amount of Budget Spent on Education= 15.5% • School Life Expectancy= 4 years

  6. Health Infant Mortality Rates • Total= 68 deaths per 1,000 live births • Male= 68 deaths per 1,000 live births • Female= 67 deaths per 1,000 live births Life Expectancy • Total= 55 years • Male= 54 years • Female= 56 years

  7. More Health Facts • Sudan has the 2nd worst healthcare in the world • Percent of budget spent on healthcare= 2.2% • Approximately 9 doctors per every 100,000 people • Children under 5 that are underweight= 31.7% • Risk of infectious disease= very high • Children that die before age 5= 10%

  8. Government Type • Government of National Unity • Power Sharing Government • NCP (national congress party) is a major partner Legal System • Mixed between Islamic law and English common law in the South Current Leader • Omar Hassa Ahmad Al Bashir (president and head of NCP)

  9. Economics Income Per Capita • $2,300 • Population below poverty line= 40% • Industries • Agriculture, oil, cotton, ginning, textiles, cement, sugar, soap distilling, shoes, ornaments, and more

  10. Relations With The United States • Sudan was once shunned by Washington for providing a haven for Osama Bin Laden and other international outlaws • Now it is an ally and a crucial intelligence asset to the CIA • Sudan’s agents have penetrated networks that would not normally be accessible to America • Sudan is credited with detaining foreign militants on their way to join anti-American fighters there in the Iraq war • Sudanese agents have helped the CIA monitor organizations in Somalic and other places

  11. Sharia

  12. Human Rights Introduction • Sudan has underwent 20 years of conflict recently ended by the Comprehensive Peace Agreement. • Now Sudan continues to face serious challenges including . . . • Armed conflicts, poor health, lack of social services, natural disasters, food insecurity, and acute malnutrition. • From a humanitarian perspective, Sudan has reached a critical point.

  13. Human Rights • In the past, conflicts between the government and rebel groups have resulted in rape, torture, killings, several crucifixions, and massive genocides • Sudan has one of the worst child soldier problems in the world • 17,000 children fighting for the government serve as human mine detectors, participate in suicide missions, and act as spies under the threat of death • Flogging is common and penalties under Sudanese law can include a fine and up to 40 lashes

  14. Women’s Rights • Violence against women, including rape, is widespread • Recently, Sudanese authorities arrested 13 women and girls because they were wearing pants as opposed to “women’s clothes” • They were fined and flogged for “indecent and immoral dress that causes annoyance to public feelings”

  15. Bibliography • CIA Word Factbook. Web. <http://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-worl-factbook/geos/su.html>. • "Omar Al Bashir." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Web. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Omar-al-Bashir>. • Web. <http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2005/apr/30/sudan.asc>. • Www.huuc55.org. Web. <http://www.huuc55.org>. • “Dafur.” www.unifusa.com.Web.<http://uniccfusa.org/work/emergencies/dafur • Web. www.bbc.com. <http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-africa-12033185> • “Human Rights.” www.wikipedia.com. Web. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/human-rights-in-sudan#abuses-in-conflict-settings • Web. www.one.org.com <http://one.org/clus/hottopic/3615/?gclid=c • “Doctors Without Borders” www.docterswithoutborders.org. Web. <www.docterswithoutborders.org/news/article.cfm?1q=2475 • Web. www.farmlandgrab.org. <http://farmlandgrab.org/14648 • “Health in Sudan” www.wikipedia.com. Web. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Health-in-Sudan • “Sudanese” www.bahrelghazal.com. Web. <http://www.bahrelghazalsudanese.net/photo-gallery> • Web. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Omar-al-Bashir> • Web. <http://www.flagshop.co.uk/sudan-flag.227-p.asp>