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Chapter 22: The New Era. Section 3: A Conflict of Culture. Prohibition. After the sale and production of alcohol was ceased in January 1920, it was clear that it wasn’t working too well.

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chapter 22 the new era

Chapter 22: The New Era

Section 3: A Conflict of Culture

  • After the sale and production of alcohol was ceased in January 1920, it was clear that it wasn’t working too well.
  • The government hired only 1500 agents to enforce the law, and in many places they didn’t have any help from the local police.
  • It became incredibly easy to acquire illegal alcohol.
  • In Chicago, Al Capone built a criminal empire based largely on illegal alcohol. It was guarded by 1000 gunman. Many regions produced gangsters
  • Protestant Americans still supported Prohibition.
  • After challenging the “drys,” the eighteenth amendment was repealed.
nativism and the klan
Nativism and the Klan
  • Immigration was a huge problem to society.
  • They passed the National Origins Act of 1924, which strengthened the law of 1921.
  • Immigration limits kept getting lower over the years.
  • This natvism helped instigate the Ku Klux Klan.
  • After WWI, all the KKK’s grew larger.
  • The Klans were very brutal to Catholics, Jews, and blacks
  • Klans burned crosses as a sense of excitement and cohesion.
religious fundamentalism
Religious Fundamentalism
  • American Presbyterians were divided on their beliefs.
  • Modernists, mostly urban middle class people who had attempted to adapt religion to the realities of society.
  • Traditional Faith- Fundamentalists tried to reinforce the widely accepted “American way of life,” and wanted the Bible to be followed literally.
  • Fundamentalists challenged the theory of evolution
  • John T. Scopes spoke out against the Fundamentalists in Tennessee, and was arrested for it.
the democrats ordeal
The Democrats’ Ordeal
  • The Democratic Party suffered during the 1920’s as a result of tensions between its urban and rural actions
  • The Democrats were a more diverse coalition of interest groups, linked to the party by local tradition.
  • In 1924, at the Democratic National convention in New York the tension started when the party’s urban wing attempted to win approval for the repeal of prohibition and a denunciation of the Klan.
  • A deadlock in the balloting for a presidential candidate was damaging to the party
  • In 1928, a similar quarrel plagued the party because of wide spread Anti-Catholic sentiment.