ABC Islam Course for Beginners
Based on: "Your Way to Islam" By: Muhammad Sulayman Al-Ashqar, English Translation by: Abdul-Warith Mabruk Sa`id
Contents CHAPTER 1: Muslim Faith CHAPTER 2: Muslim Worship CHAPTER 3: Muslim Life CHAPTER 4: Appendices(Surahs, and Tashahhud)
CHAPTER 1 Muslim Faith
Muslim Faith بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَنِ الرَّحِيمِ IN THE NAME OF ALLAHMOST GRACIOUS, MOST MERCIFUL
Muslim Faith ( يَاأَيُّهَا النَّاسُ اعْبُدُوا رَبَّكُمُ الَّذِي خَلَقَكُمْ وَالَّذِينَ مِنْ قَبْلِكُمْ لَعَلَّكُمْ تَتَّقُونَ ) Meaning: "O you people, adore your Lord who created you and those who came before you, that you may have the chance to be righteous." [Al-Qur'an 2:21]
What is Islam? Islam is an Arabic word derived from the root "salama" which has many noble meanings such as peace, purity, soundness, safety, submission and obedience.
What is Islam? As an Islamic term, it has two principal meanings: a) Full submission to the Will of Allah and obedience to His law,
What is Islam? b) Allah's divine guiding system revealed to mankind along ages to the Prophets and Messengers and,
What is Islam? finally, completed in the last revelation, Al-Qur'an, to the last Messenger, Muhammad, Salla l-Lahu Alayhi wa sallam (Peace be upon him)
What is Islam? 1. Islam is (composed of) three (main) areas: Utterance, faith, and deeds.
What is Islam? 2. The utterance is the Shahadatan: I bear witness that there is no (true) god except Allah.
What is Islam? And I bear witness that Muhammad is Allah’s Messenger. ('Ash-hadu 'an la ilaha 'illal-lah! Wa 'ash-hadu 'an-na Muhammadan rasulul-lah)
What is Islam? 3. Faith is to believe in Allah, the Angels, the Heavenly Scriptures, Prophets, and the Last Day, and in Fate and Allah's Divine Decree.
What is Islam? 4. Deeds are: Salat (Prayers), Zakat (Poor Duer), Siyam (Fasting), and Hajj (Pilgrimage).
1/1 - FAITH IN ALLAH 1. We believe that Allah is One God, our Lord and the Lord of everything, 2. Allah is the Creator of everything,
FAITH IN ALLAH 3. All others than Him are created, mastered servants who share nothing with Allah.
FAITH IN ALLAH 4. Even Angels and Prophets are merely created servants submitting to Allah. 5. Among them are Jesus and Muhammad (Peace be upon them); both have no trace of deity (godhood).
FAITH IN ALLAH 6. Allah is the Living, Self-Subsisting, Eternal, the First without a beginning and the Last without an end.
FAITH IN ALLAH 7. He hears everything and sees everything. 8. He is Most Gracious, Most Merciful, All-Dominating, 9. He has the Most beautiful Names and the Noblest Attributes.
FAITH IN ALLAH 10. He has created us out of nothing, 11. And made us in the best form. 12. He has given us all graces and bounties.
FAITH IN ALLAH 13. Hence we are not permitted to worship or submit to any other than Him, be a favorite Angel or a chosen Prophet!
FAITH IN ALLAH 14. Whoever directs his prayers, bows or prostrates (in worship), or offers sacrifice to any other than Allah, he is an infidel! and not a Muslim even if he declares that he is a Muslim:
FAITH IN ALLAH 15. Allah says: )قُلْ إِنَّ صَلاَتِي وَنُسُكِي وَمَحْيَايَ وَمَمَاتِي لِلَّهِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِينَ * لاَ شَرِيكَ لَهُ وَبِذَلِكَ أُمِرْتُ وَأَنَا أَوَّلُ الْمُسْلِمِين)
FAITH IN ALLAH “Say: 'Truly my prayer and my service of sacrifice, my life and my death, are (all) for Allah, the Cherisher of the Worlds.
FAITH IN ALLAH No partner has He. This am I commanded and I am the first of those who submit to His Will”. [Al-Qur'an 6:162 -163]
FAITH IN ALLAH 16. Islam is the religion of Monotheism: it denies the Dualism of Magians and the Trinity of Christians. (In Islam) Allah is One and only One.
FAITH IN ALLAH No one shares with Him His Dominion or His Command. He has the Most beautiful Names and the Noblest Attributes:
FAITH IN ALLAH 17. Allah says: )قُلْ هُوَ اللَّهُ أَحَدٌ * اللَّهُ الصَّمَدُ * لَمْ يَلِدْ وَلَمْ يُولَدْ * وَلَمْ يَكُنْ لَهُ كُفُوًا أَحَدٌ)
FAITH IN ALLAH Meaning: "Say! He is Allah, the One. He is the Most Unique, the Eternal, the Absolute. He neither gives birth, nor is He born. And there is none like unto Him." [Al Qur’an 112]
1/2 - FAITH IN ANGELS 1. Allah has created Angels to worship Him, to carry out His commands and to be His messengers to His human Prophets.
FAITH IN ANGELS 2. One of the angels is Gabriel who used to bring down Revelation to our Prophet Muhammad 'Alayhis-Salatu was-Salamu (Peace and prayers be upon him).
FAITH IN ANGELS 3.Another is the "Angel of Death" who is in charge of taking the souls of people whose death is due.
FAITH IN ANGELS 4. Angels are but servants honored by Allah. 5. Hence we honor them and speak of them respectfully.
FAITH IN ANGELS 6. But we worship none of them, nor do we take them as Allah's sons or daughters (as infidels claim).
FAITH IN ANGELS 7. We worship only Allah who created them in this wonderful kind of creation.
FAITH IN ANGELS 8. Allah (Glory be to Him) says: )وَقَالُوااتَّخَذَ الرَّحْمَنُ وَلَدًا سُبْحَانَهُ بَلْ عِبَادٌ مُكْرَمُونَ * لاَ يَسْبِقُونَهُ بِالْقَوْلِ وَهُمْ بِأَمْرِهِ يَعْمَلُونَ * يَعْلَمُ مَا بَيْنَ أَيْدِيهِمْ وَمَا خَلْفَهُمْ وَلاَ يَشْفَعُونَ إِلاَّ لِمَنِ ارْتَضَى وَهُمْ مِنْ خَشْيَتِهِ مُشْفِقُونَ * وَمَنْ يَقُلْ مِنْهُمْ إِنِّي إِلَهٌ مِنْ دُونِهِ فَذَلِكَ نَجْزِيهِ جَهَنَّمَ كَذَلِكَ نَجْزِي الظَّالِمِينَ)
FAITH IN ANGELS Meaning: "And they say: '(Allah) The Most Gracious has begotten offspring,' Glory be to Him! They are but servants raised to honor. They do not speak before He speaks, and they act (in all things) by His command.
FAITH IN ANGELS He knows what is before them and what is behind them, and they offer no intercession except for those whom He accepted, and they stand in awe and reverence of Him.
FAITH IN ANGELS If any of them should say, 'I am a God besides Him', such one We should reward with Hell. Thus do We reward those who do wrong." [Al-Qur'an 21:26-29]
1/3 - FAITH IN HOLY SCRIPTURES 1. Allah has sent down to a number of Messengers, Books in order to proclaim them to mankind.
FAITH IN HOLY SCRIPTURES 2. These Books contain the Words of Allah.
FAITH IN HOLY SCRIPTURES 3.Among them are the Sheets of Ibrahim (Abraham), Tawrah revealed to Moosa (Moses), Az-Zaboor (psalms) revealed to Dawood (David), The Injil (Gospel) revealed to Isa (Jesus), And Al-Qur'an sent down to Muhammad, Peace be upon them all))
FAITH IN HOLY SCRIPTURES 4. Jews and Christians distorted some parts of their Books (Tawrah and Injil), and added much of their own writings.
FAITH IN HOLY SCRIPTURES 5. Being the last Book assuredly guarded from corruption, Al-Qur'an confirms the truth in the previous Books and guards it.
FAITH IN HOLY SCRIPTURES 6. Whatever, in those Books, differs from Al-Qur'an is corrupted or abrogated.
FAITH IN HOLY SCRIPTURES 7. Allah (Glory be to Him) says: )وَأَنْزَلْنَا إِلَيْكَ الْكِتَابَ بِالْحَقِّ مُصَدِّقًا لِمَا بَيْنَ يَدَيْهِ مِنَ الْكِتَابِ وَمُهَيْمِنًا عَلَيْهِ)
FAITH IN HOLY SCRIPTURES Meaning: "To you We sent the scripture in truth Confirming the scriptures that came before it, And guarding it ..." [Al-Qur'an 5:48]
FAITH IN HOLY SCRIPTURES 8. Allah revealed Al-Qur'an in Arabic and has firmly promised to protect it from all corruption; He says about Al-Qur'an: )إِنَّا نَحْنُ نَزَّلْنَا الذِّكْرَ وَإِنَّا لَهُ لَحَافِظُونَ)
FAITH IN HOLY SCRIPTURES Meaning: "We have, without doubt, sent down the Message, and We will assuredly guard it (from corruption)."[Al-Qur'an 15:9]