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European context and its implications for Qualification Standards (SER) and for VET By Yves Beernaert & Magda Kirsch. Overview. Challenges for VET and for SER or QS in the EU Initiatives to improve VET in some EU countries The policy of the EU in Education & training Conclusion.

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European context and

its implications for

Qualification Standards (SER) and for



Yves Beernaert & Magda Kirsch


  • Challenges for VET and for SER or QS in the EU

  • Initiatives to improve VET in some EU countries

  • The policy of the EU in Education & training

  • Conclusion

Challenges for vet across europe jan figel eu commissioner
Challenges for VET across Europe (Jan Figel, EU Commissioner)

  • Quality VET: Qualification Standards, learning methodology, VET teachers,

  • Relevant, up-to-date, demand-lead VET: new job and qualification profiles

  • Need for new (flexible) SER or Qualification Standards

  • Contribution of VET to local, regional and national economic development

  • VET for low skilled citizens at risk of social exclusions (80 Million in EU)

Challenges for eu vet systems jan figel eu commissioner
Challenges for EU VET systems (Jan Figel, EU Commissioner)

  • Better and more systematic links between VET and the workplace:

    • cooperation school – industry / social partners;

    • placements in industry for pupils and teachers or trainers

  • Help to individuals to become mobile:

    • better information : EURES

    • better guidance: Euroguidance

    • personal portfolios: e.g. Language portfolio

    • language skills : e.g. CLIL

    • intercultural skills

Challenges for eu vet systems jan figel eu commissioner1
Challenges for EU VET systems (Jan Figel, EU Commissioner)

  • Increased transparency and readability of VET qualifications

  • More open and flexible VET systems with integration of outcomes of non formal &informal learning

  • Individual learning pathways : customised VET

  • Transfer and progression routes from IVET to general education and training

  • VET as a contribution to continuous professional development and Lifelong learning

Challenges for eu vet systems jan figel eu commissioner2
Challenges for EU VET systems (Jan Figel, EU Commissioner)

  • Enhance attractiveness and social status of VET

  • Breaking down barriers between general (sec.) education and VET

  • Increase retention in VET (avoid drop-out!)

  • Breaking down barriers between VET and H.Ed.

  • Fostering of innovation & entrepreneurship:

    • EU plan to promote business spirit in E & T (Feb.06)

  • Bigger role for ICT in VET teaching and learning

  • More attention to the professions of VET teachers and trainers

Initiatives to improve vet in eu countries
Initiatives to improve VETin EU countries

  • Bnl: Accent op talent, (Stress on talents) 2003 –

    • Competence learning, guidance, learning outcomes

    • Cooperation school – industry, Placements

    • Pilot projects: pedagogical hothouses

  • DK: Quality VET : Nov. 2005

    • Reports: Better education; Better teachers; Retention in VET

    • Stronger cooperation school – industry (2/3 in companies!)

    • DK VET reform (2000) and FOU programme of pilot projects

  • NL: Deltaplan: enhance VET, science, technology

    • Flexible learning pathways, creative learning environments

    • AXIS projects & initiatives: e.g. coaching gifted VET pupils

    • Roc: regional development centres

  • NO: Culture for learning (2004)

    • Differentiated Ed & Tr based on abilities; adapted and customised learning; learning outcomes

    • Staff as resource person for competence development

    • Demonstration schools

  • Initiatives in eu countries
    Initiatives in EU countries

    • Finland: best performing country within PISA studies (OECD)

      National development plan E & T: 2004 – 2008

      • Focuses for VET :

        • Output based approach, learning outcomes

        • Internationalisation,

        • Cooperation general sec. Ed. & VET;

        • More VET students in H.Education

        • Stronger cooperation VET - industry;

        • VET credit system,

        • Restructuring QS,

        • work-based learning (placements) ,

        • integrated skills assessment tests, outcome assessment,

        • Local and regional cooperation between VET providers to use all talents of youngsters

    Development of eur policy in education training
    Development of Eur. Policy in Education & Training

    • The Bologna process (declaration 1999)

    • Lisbon strategy 2000 – 2010

      • Role of knowledge and innovation

      • Need to modernise Education and training

        • Concrete future objectives of E & T systems (2001)

        • Detailed Work Programme (2002)

  • Lifelong Learning communication (2001) and Resolution (2002)

  • Copenhagen Process in VET (2002-)

  • EQF: European Qualification framework (2005)

    plus NQFs: National Qualification Frameworks

  • The copenhagen process
    The Copenhagen process

    • The Copenhagen Declaration (Dec. 2002)

    • EUROPASS: transparency of qualifications and competences

    • Eur. Network on QA in VET

      • CQAF: Common Quality Assurance framework

  • Validation of non formal (and informal) learning

  • ECVET: Eur. Credit system in VET

  • NRP (National Reference Points) Network

  • The copenhagen process1
    The Copenhagen process

    • Europass

      • Europass CV

      • Europass Mobility

      • Europass Diploma Supplement (H.Ed.)

      • Europass Language Portfolios

      • European Certificate Supplement (VET)

      • National Europass Centres: information

    Lisbon strategy detailed workprogramme ed tr
    Lisbon strategy: Detailed Workprogramme Ed. & Tr

    3 strategic objectives:

    1. Improving the quality and effectiveness of education and training systems in Europe

    2. Facilitating access of all to education and training systems

    3. Opening Up education and training systems to the wider world

    1 quality effectiveness of education training
    1. Quality & effectiveness of Education & Training

    • 1.1. Improving education and training for teachers and trainers

    • 1.2.Developing skills for the knowledge society

    • 1.3. Ensuring access to ICT for everyone

    • 1.4. Increasing the recruitment to scientific and technical studies

    • 1.5. Making the best of resources

    2 facilitate access to e t
    2. Facilitate access to E & T

    • 2.1. Create open learning environments

    • 2.2. Making learning more attractive

    • 2.3. Supporting active citizenship, equal opportunities and social cohesion

    3 opening up e t to world
    3. Opening up E & T to world

    • 3.1. Strengthening the links with working life and research, and society at large

    • 3.2. Developing the spirit of enterprise

    • 3.3. Improving foreign language learning

    • 3.4. Increasing mobility and exchange

    • 3.5. Strengthening European co-operation

    Eqf european qualification framework

    EQF Level 8

    EQF Level 7

    EQF Level 6

    EQF Level 5

    EQF Level 4

    EQF Level 3

    EQF Level 2

    EQF Level 1

    EQF European Qualification Framework

    • The development of EQF 8 levels

      National Qualification


    • The development of

      sectoral qualification


    • Linking up sectoral

      with NQF and with EQF

    Conclusion qs a key element in quality vet
    Conclusion: QS a key element in quality VET

    • Qualification standards are part of an overall strategy / policy of Education & training and Labour at the level of

      • the development or upgrading of the QS

      • the implementation of the QS in the learning (and teaching activities)

      • the training of the teachers / trainers focusing on integrated competences and learning outcomes

    • QS development structures are in a process of change in many EU countries


    • Proceedings Maastricht 2004 conference on strengthening Eur. Cooperation in VET

    • The Copenhagen process: documents and tools

    • The Detailed work programme on the follow-up of the objectives of Ed. & Tr. Systems in Europe

    • Main policy initiatives and outputs in Ed & Tr. Since 2000, EU, March 2006

    • European network on QA in VET

    • Lisbon 2010 strategy: documents WG

    • ECVET: Cedefop dossier 12, Isabelle Le Mouillour

    • EQF consultation document (June 05) and synthesis of responses (April 2006)

      See website: