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Adjective+Adjective bitter-sweet, deaf-mute, aural-oral, Anglo-Saxon

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Adjective+Adjective bitter-sweet, deaf-mute, aural-oral, Anglo-Saxon - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Noun+Noun The most common type of word formation is the combination of two (or more) nouns in order to form a resulting noun: Noun + Noun = Noun Examples: landmine, wallpaper, toothbrush.

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Noun+NounThe most common type of word formation is the combination of two (or more) nouns in order to form a resulting noun:Noun + Noun = NounExamples: landmine, wallpaper, toothbrush
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Verb+NounHere verbs describe what is done with an object or what a subject "does", in short, a new noun is formed, usually referring to something concrete, and the verb defines the action related to it:Verb + Noun = Noun: draw + bridge = drawbridge.
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Noun+AdjectiveNouns and adjectives can also be compounded in the opposite order:Noun + Adjective = AdjectiveCamera + shy = camera-shy (Shy in respect of appearing or speaking before cameras).
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Adjective+NounAnother major type of word formation is the compounding of Adjectives and nouns:Adjective + Noun = Noun: brown + bear = brownbear
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Adjective + Participlefar-reaching, far fetched, narrow-minded, single-minded, high-climbing, low-yielding, red-painted, bare-handed Note: It is as well possible to combine adjectives with participles not originating from verbs
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Concluding, here is an offer of complementary word formations that cannot sensibly be grouped within the context of the previous sections.
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Back-formationBack-formation is the process of deriving words by dropping what is thought to be a suffix or (occasionally) a prefix. It applies chiefly to the coining of verbs from nouns.Examples: abled (disabled), to explete (expletive)
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ClippingClipping is a shortening of a word by the omission of one or more syllables.Examples: bike (bicycle), decaf (decaffeinated coffee), fan (fanatic)
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AcronymsAcronyms are another abreviatory device. The usually resulting word class is that of a noun: ECU (European Currency Unit), scuba (self-contained underwater breathing apparatus), email (electronic mail).
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BlendsBlends are also used for abreviatory purposes. Here, two or more complementing components constitute the basis for the resultant. These components are omitted of one or more syllables before compounded to the blend.Examples: bit binary+digit, camcorder camera+recorder
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