HEALTH – FOOD PYRAMID. CURRENT TECHNOLOGIES PROJECT T&L 445 – 01 BY: MARISA FLINT BRIANNA LANDIS STEPHANIE EGEBERG. Food Pyramid. Grains. -Grains can be found at the very bottom of the food pyramid. -Grains have the most recommended servings per day. -6-11 servings per day.
HEALTH – FOOD PYRAMID CURRENT TECHNOLOGIES PROJECT T&L 445 – 01 BY: MARISA FLINT BRIANNA LANDIS STEPHANIE EGEBERG
Grains -Grains can be found at the very bottom of the food pyramid. -Grains have the most recommended servings per day. -6-11 servings per day. -These foods provided complex carbohydrates. -Carbohydrates are an important source of energy. -Whole grains are rich in vitamins, minerals, and fiber
Grains Examples of one serving: • 1 slice of bread • Half cup of rice, cooked cereal or pasta • 1 cup of ready-to-eat cereal
Tommy & Blaire Listen carefully so you can answer the question. Tommy: • Can you remember what carbohydrates are a good source of? (energy) Blaire: • Where on the pyramid are grains found? (bottom layer)
Fruits and Vegetables Fruits and Vegetables are rich in different nutrients. They are a good source of vitamin A, vitamin C, folate, or potassium. Vegetables: -Serving size 3 to 5 -Low in fat and sodium, but high in fiber. Fruits: -Serving size 2 to 4 -Important source of Vitamin A, Vitamin C, and potassium. -Low in sodium, which helps those with high blood pressure.
Fruits and Vegetables Vegetable examples of one serving: -1 cup of raw leafy vegetables -1/2 cup of other vegetables (cooked/raw) -3/4 cup of vegetable juice Fruit examples of one serving: -1 medium apple, orange, or banana -1/2 cup of chopped/cooked/canned fruit -3/4 cup of fruit juice
Sarah & Bobby Listen carefully so you can answer the question. Sarah: • Vegetables are low in fat and sodium, but high in what? (fiber) Bobby: • How many servings of fruit should we eat in 1 day? (2-4 servings)
Meats & Beans -Meat, poultry, and fish supply protein, iron, and zinc. -Non-meat foods such as dried peas and beans provide some of the same nutrients as meats. -Serving size 2 to 3 of cooked meat, fish, or poultry. -Each serving should be approximately 2 to 3 ounces. -Suggested to choose lean meat, fish, and dried beans because they are low in fat. -Avoid frying foods and eat in moderation!
Meats & Beans Examples of 2-3 servings (2-3 ounces): -All examples count as one ounce of meat. -1 egg -2 tablespoons of peanut butter -1/2 cup cooked dry beans -1/3 cup of nuts
John & Sam Listen carefully so you can answer the question. John: • What is the suggested serving size for meat, fish, and poultry? (2-3 servings) Sam: • How many eggs would you need to eat to equal 2-3 servings of meat? (2-3 eggs)
Dairy -Milk products provide protein, vitamins, minerals, and especially calcium. -Serving size 2 to 3 -Three servings per day are recommended if you are breastfeeding, pregnant, or under age 24. -Cottage cheese is lower in calcium than most other cheeses. -A cup of cottage cheese counts as only ½ serving of milk. -Use in moderate and choose non-fat milks, yogurts, and cheese because they have less fat.
David & Jen Listen carefully so you can answer the question. David: • How many servings of dairy should you have if you are breast feeding, pregnant, or under the age of 24? (three) Jen: • Name at least two of the things that milk provides us with? (proteins, vitamins, minerals, and mostly calcium)
Oils -Fats, oils, and sweets are found at the peak of the pyramid! -These foods should be eaten sparingly because they mainly provide calories and not the nutrients our bodies need. -Includes: salad dressings, oils, butter, sugar, soda, candies, and desserts.
Elizabeth & Adam Listen carefully so you can answer the question. Elizabeth: • Where on the pyramid are the oils found? (at the top) Adam: • Should these oil foods be eaten regularly? (no)
Bibliography http://www.lifeclinic.com/focus/nutrition/nutritionview.asp?artId=1023 www.voki.com
Activity -Students will determine their recommended caloric intake. -Factors include: age, sex, size, activity level -Each student will receive a worksheet with the following information provided: The National Academy of Sciences recommends the following calorie categories: 1,600 calories - Many sedentary women and some older adults 2,200 calories - Children, teenage girls, active women and many sedentary men 2,800 calories - Teenage boys, active men and very active women
Activity Continued Lower About 1,600 Moderate About 2,200 Higher About 2,800 • Grain Group servings 6 9 11 • Vegetable Group Servings 3 4 5 • Milk Group Servings 2-3 2-3 2-3 • Meat Group 5 6 7