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Crop Biosecurity & Plant Health Emergency Management

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  1. United States Department of Agriculture Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service Plant Protection and Quarantine Crop Biosecurity & Plant Health Emergency Management Prevention, Preparedness, Response, and Recovery Osama El-Lissy Director, Emergency Management Plant Protection and Quarantine Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service USDA Riverdale, MD

  2. United States Department of Agriculture Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service Plant Protection and Quarantine Plant Health Emergencies 2006 Summary • Potato Cyst Nematode (ID) • Gladiolus Rust (FL, CA) • Boxwood Rust (PA, MD, VA, NC) • Citrus Greening (FL) • Citrus Canker (FL) • Red Palm Mite (Puerto Rico) • Plum Pox Virus (NY, MI, PA)

  3. United States Department of Agriculture Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service Plant Protection and Quarantine Plant Health Emergencies 2006 Summary • Potato Cyst Nematode (ID) • Gladiolus Rust (FL, CA) • Boxwood Rust (PA, MD, VA, NC) • Citrus Greening (FL) • Citrus Canker (FL) • Red Palm Mite (Puerto Rico) • Plum Pox Virus (NY, MI, PA)

  4. United States Department of Agriculture Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service Plant Protection and Quarantine Plant Health Emergencies 2006 Summary • Potato Cyst Nematode (ID) • Gladiolus Rust (FL, CA) • Boxwood Rust (PA, MD, VA, NC) • Citrus Greening (FL) • Citrus Canker (FL) • Red Palm Mite (Puerto Rico) • Plum Pox Virus (NY, MI, PA)

  5. United States Department of Agriculture Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service Plant Protection and Quarantine Plant Health Emergencies 2006 Summary • Potato Cyst Nematode (ID) • Gladiolus Rust (FL, CA) • Boxwood Rust (PA, MD, VA, NC) • Citrus Greening (FL) • Citrus Canker (FL) • Red Palm Mite (Puerto Rico) • Plum Pox Virus (NY, MI, PA)

  6. United States Department of Agriculture Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service Plant Protection and Quarantine Plant Health Emergencies 2006 Summary • Potato Cyst Nematode (ID) • Gladiolus Rust (FL, CA) • Boxwood Rust (PA, MD, VA, NC) • Citrus Greening (FL) • Citrus Canker (FL) • Red Palm Mite (Puerto Rico) • Plum Pox Virus (NY, MI, PA)

  7. United States Department of Agriculture Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service Plant Protection and Quarantine Plant Health Emergencies 2006 Summary • Potato Cyst Nematode (ID) • Gladiolus Rust (FL, CA) • Boxwood Rust (PA, MD, VA, NC) • Citrus Greening (FL) • Citrus Canker (FL) • Red Palm Mite (Puerto Rico) • Plum Pox Virus (NY, MI, PA)

  8. United States Department of Agriculture Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service Plant Protection and Quarantine Plant Health Emergencies 2006 Summary • Potato Cyst Nematode (ID) • Gladiolus Rust (FL, CA) • Boxwood Rust (PA, MD, VA, NC) • Citrus Greening (FL) • Citrus Canker (FL) • Red Palm Mite (Puerto Rico) • Plum Pox Virus (NY, MI, PA)

  9. United States Department of Agriculture Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service Plant Protection and Quarantine Plant Health Emergencies 2006 Summary • Potato Cyst Nematode (ID) • Gladiolus Rust (FL, CA) • Boxwood Rust (PA, MD, VA, NC) • Citrus Greening (FL) • Citrus Canker (FL) • Red Palm Mite (Puerto Rico) • Plum Pox Virus (NY, MI, PA)

  10. United States Department of Agriculture Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service Plant Protection and Quarantine Plant Health Emergencies 2006 Summary • Potato Cyst Nematode (ID) • Gladiolus Rust (FL, CA) • Boxwood Rust (PA, MD, VA, NC) • Citrus Greening (FL) • Citrus Canker (FL) • Red Palm Mite (Puerto Rico) • Plum Pox Virus (NY, MI, PA)

  11. United States Department of Agriculture Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service Plant Protection and Quarantine Plant Health Emergencies 2006 Summary • Potato Cyst Nematode (ID) • Gladiolus Rust (FL, CA) • Boxwood Rust (PA, MD, VA, NC) • Citrus Greening (FL) • Citrus Canker (FL) • Red Palm Mite (Puerto Rico) • Plum Pox Virus (NY, MI, PA)

  12. United States Department of Agriculture Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service Plant Protection and Quarantine Plant Health Emergencies 2006 Summary • Potato Cyst Nematode (ID) • Gladiolus Rust (FL, CA) • Boxwood Rust (PA, MD, VA, NC) • Citrus Greening (FL) • Citrus Canker (FL) • Red Palm Mite (Puerto Rico) • Plum Pox Virus (NY, MI, PA)

  13. United States Department of Agriculture Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service Plant Protection and Quarantine Plant Health Emergencies 2006 Summary • Sirex noctilio (NY) • Emerald Ash Borer (MI, IN, IL, OH) • Fruit Fly Outbreaks (CA, FL, MX) • Red-belted Clearwing Moth (WA) • Q Biotype Whitefly (21 states)

  14. United States Department of Agriculture Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service Plant Protection and Quarantine Plant Health Emergencies 2006 Summary • Sirex noctilio (NY) • Emerald Ash Borer (MI, IN, IL, OH) • Fruit Fly Outbreaks (CA, FL, MX) • Red-belted Clearwing Moth (WA) • Q Biotype Whitefly (21 states)

  15. United States Department of Agriculture Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service Plant Protection and Quarantine Plant Health Emergencies 2006 Summary • Sirex noctilio (NY) • Emerald Ash Borer (MI, IN, IL, OH) • Fruit Fly Outbreaks (CA, FL, MX) • Red-belted Clearwing Moth (WA) • Q Biotype Whitefly (21 states)

  16. United States Department of Agriculture Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service Plant Protection and Quarantine Plant Health Emergencies 2006 Summary • Sirex noctilio (NY) • Emerald Ash Borer (MI, IN, IL, OH) • Fruit Fly Outbreaks (CA, FL, MX) • Red-belted Clearwing Moth (WA) • Q Biotype Whitefly (21 states)

  17. United States Department of Agriculture Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service Plant Protection and Quarantine Plant Health Emergencies 2006 Summary • Sirex noctilio (NY) • Emerald Ash Borer (MI, IN, IL, OH) • Fruit Fly Outbreaks (CA, FL, MX) • Red-belted Clearwing Moth (WA) • Q Biotype Whitefly (21 states)

  18. Pest and Disease Pathways United States Department of Agriculture Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service Plant Protection and Quarantine Unintentional Intentional • Natural Movement • Accidental Introduction • Smuggling • Bioterrorism

  19. United States Department of Agriculture Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service Plant Protection and Quarantine • American Agriculture Accounts for: • ~13% of the Gross Domestic Product • ~17% of all employment in the U.S. • ~25 million Americans are employed in agricultural-related industries • Agricultural industry valued at $230 billion • Agricultural Exports account for $140 billion • 860,000 jobs

  20. United States Department of Agriculture United States Department of Agriculture Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service Plant Protection and Quarantine

  21. Plant Protection & Quarantine United States Department of Agriculture Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service Plant Protection and Quarantine Mission Safeguard agriculture and natural resources from risks associated with the entry, establishment, or spread of animal and plant pests and noxious weeds. Plant Protection Act, 2000 Ag. Bioterrorism Protection Act, 2002

  22. Plant Protection & Quarantine United States Department of Agriculture Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service Plant Protection and Quarantine Vision Highly Coordinated Systems: Science-based Maximum Protection Minimum Adverse Impact Inclusive

  23. United States Department of Agriculture Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service Plant Protection and Quarantine Homeland Security Presidential Directives HSPD-5:Management of Domestic Incidents (NIMS/ICS) HSPD-7:Critical Infrastructure Identification, Prioritization, and Protection HSPD-8:National Preparedness HSPD-9: Comprehensive Policy to Defend Agriculture Against Terrorism

  24. United States Department of Agriculture Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service Plant Protection and Quarantine • National Response Plan (NRP) ► The purpose of the NRP is to establish a comprehensive, national, all-hazards approach to domestic incident management across a spectrum of activities including prevention, preparedness, response, and recovery.

  25. United States Department of Agriculture Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service Plant Protection and Quarantine • National Response Plan (NRP) Application: ►Terrorism - Biological, Nuclear/Radiological, Cyber, Catastrophic, Food and Agriculture, and Oil and Hazardous Materials Incidents. ► Natural Disasters - Disaster Mitigation Act of 2000 (Stafford Act)

  26. United States Department of Agriculture Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service Plant Protection and Quarantine • National Response Plan (NRP) ► Lead Federal Agency: Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) • State, Local, and Tribal Governments • Private Sector • Nongovernmental Organizations

  27. United States Department of Agriculture Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service Plant Protection and Quarantine • National Response Plan (NRP) ► Other Federal Agencies: Emergency Support Functions (ESF) ESF #1 – Transportation ESF #2 – Communications ESF #3 – Public Works and Engineering ESF #4 – Firefighting ESF #5 – Emergency Management ESF #6 – Mass Care, Housing, and Human Services ESF #7 – Resource Support ESF #8 – Public Health and Medical Services ESF #9 – Urban Search and Rescue ESF #10 – Oil and Hazardous Materials Response ESF #11 – Agriculture and Natural Resources ESF #12 – Energy ESF #13 – Public Safety and Security ESF #14 – Long-Term Community Recovery and Mitigation ESF #15 – External Affairs

  28. United States Department of Agriculture Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service Plant Protection and Quarantine • National Response Plan (NRP) ► Other Federal Agencies: Emergency Support Functions (ESF) ESF #1 – Transportation ESF #2 – Communications ESF #3 – Public Works and Engineering ESF #4 – Firefighting ESF #5 – Emergency Management ESF #6 – Mass Care, Housing, and Human Services ESF #7 – Resource Support ESF #8 – Public Health and Medical Services ESF #9 – Urban Search and Rescue ESF #10 – Oil and Hazardous Materials Response ESF #11 – Agriculture and Natural Resources ESF #12 – Energy ESF #13 – Public Safety and Security ESF #14 – Long-Term Community Recovery and Mitigation ESF #15 – External Affairs

  29. Emergency Response and RecoveryPlant Health vs. All Hazards United States Department of Agriculture Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service Plant Protection and Quarantine

  30. United States Department of Agriculture Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service Plant Protection and Quarantine Plant Health Emergencies Detection, Diagnostics, and Confirmation Agricultural Extension NPDN Grower/ Inspection State Department of Agriculture State Laboratory State Plant Health Director Others Private Consultant Pest/Disease Detection Initial Screening

  31. United States Department of Agriculture Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service Plant Protection and Quarantine Plant Health Emergencies Detection, Diagnostics, and Confirmation NPDN PPQ-EDP PPQ-PSPI-NIS State Laboratory CPHST Others Initial Screening Confirmation/Reporting Response

  32. Reported Pest PPQ Executive Team Unified Command Response - EDP No Response Known Pest New Pest NPAG United States Department of Agriculture Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service Plant Protection and Quarantine Plant Health Emergency: Action Plan

  33. Unified Command SPHD & SPRO Technical Working Group Public Information Officer Liaison Officers Intelligence Officer IES Safety Officer Planning Chief Operations Chief Logistics Chief Admin/ Finance Chief United States Department of Agriculture Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service Plant Protection and Quarantine ICS - Command Staff

  34. Supply Unit Leader Time Unit Leader Facilities Unit Leader Procurement Unit Leader Division B Supervisor Ground Support Unit Leader Comp. & Claims Unit Leader Communications Unit Leader Cost Unit Leader Food Unit Leader Planning Chief Operations Chief Logistics Chief Admin/ Finance Chief Documentation Unit Leader Medical Unit Leader Resource Unit Leader Branch I Director Regulatory Taskforce Regulatory Taskforce Situation Unit Leader Division A Supervisor SITC Specialist Situation Unit Leader Mapping Taskforce Mapping Taskforce GIS Specialist Detection Taskforce Detection Taskforce Tech, Specialist Control Taskforce Control Taskforce Demobilization Unit Leader Training Specialist United States Department of Agriculture Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service Plant Protection and Quarantine ICS - General Staff

  35. Plant Health Emergencies: Four Elements United States Department of Agriculture Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service Plant Protection and Quarantine 1. Prevention 2. Preparedness 3. Response 4. Recovery

  36. Plant Health Emergencies: Four Elements United States Department of Agriculture Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service Plant Protection and Quarantine • Off-Shore Pre-Clearance Program 1. Prevention • Agricultural Quarantine Inspection 2. Preparedness • Permits • Surveillance 3. Response • Critical Infrastructure • Vulnerability Assessment 4. Recovery • Mitigations

  37. Plant Health Emergencies: Four Elements United States Department of Agriculture Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service Plant Protection and Quarantine 1. Prevention 2. Preparedness 3. Response 4. Recovery Wheat Stem Rust - Ug 99

  38. Plant Health Emergencies: Four Elements United States Department of Agriculture Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service Plant Protection and Quarantine • Off-Shore Pest Information System 1. Prevention • NAPPO Phytosanitary Alert System • Risk Assessment 2. Preparedness • Science Panels 3. Response • New Pest Response Guidelines • Diagnostics (development, validation, capacity) 4. Recovery • Survey – Detection (CAPS, NAPIS, NBIS) • Treatment (mitigation) • Infrastructure • Training (ICS, survey, diagnostics, data • management, mitigation, exercises, etc.)

  39. Plant Health Emergencies: Four Elements United States Department of Agriculture Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service Plant Protection and Quarantine ICS Training (2005): 1. Prevention • ICS 100/200 • Table-Top Exercises (9) • Full-Scale Exercise (3) • I- 300 (3) • I- 400 (3) 2. Preparedness 3. Response 4. Recovery

  40. Plant Health Emergencies: Four Elements United States Department of Agriculture Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service Plant Protection and Quarantine ICS Training (2006): 1. Prevention • ICS 100/200 • Table-Top Exercises (11) • Full-Scale Exercise (4) • I- 300 (5) • I- 400 (5) 2. Preparedness 3. Response 4. Recovery

  41. Plant Health Emergencies: Four Elements United States Department of Agriculture Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service Plant Protection and Quarantine ICS Training (2007): 1. Prevention • ICS 100/200 • Table-Top Exercises (11) • Full-Scale Exercise (4) • I- 300 (8) • I- 400 (7) • I- 420 (1) • S- 404 (1) 2. Preparedness 3. Response 4. Recovery

  42. Plant Health Emergencies: Four Elements United States Department of Agriculture Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service Plant Protection and Quarantine 1. Prevention 2. Preparedness 3. Response 4. Recovery Asiatic Soybean Rust

  43. Plant Health Emergencies: Four Elements United States Department of Agriculture Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service Plant Protection and Quarantine • Implementation Plan • Generic and Sector-Specific Elements 1. Prevention • Incident Command SystemFederal and State Unified Command 2. Preparedness • Survey - Detection • Adequate – Timely 3. Response • Diagnostics • Accurate and Timely 4. Recovery • Mitigations • Timely – containment, control, and eradication • Data Management

  44. Plant Health Emergencies: Four Elements United States Department of Agriculture Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service Plant Protection and Quarantine 1. Prevention 2. Preparedness 3. Response 4. Recovery Potato Cyst Nematode

  45. Plant Health Emergencies: Four Elements United States Department of Agriculture Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service Plant Protection and Quarantine 1. Prevention • National Plant Disease Recovery System 2. Preparedness • Prevention Elements • Survey and Detection 3. Response • Long-Term Pest Control Systems 4. Recovery

  46. Plant Health Emergencies: Four Elements United States Department of Agriculture Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service Plant Protection and Quarantine 1. Prevention 2. Preparedness 3. Response 4. Recovery Citrus Health Response Plan

  47. HQ WR ER PPQ CPHST Plant Protection and Quarantine: Roles United States Department of Agriculture Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service Plant Protection and Quarantine

  48. Plant Protection and Quarantine: Roles United States Department of Agriculture Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service Plant Protection and Quarantine 1. Headquarters: Office of theDeputy Administrator: • Leadership Emergency and Domestic Programs: • National Coordination for Crop Biosecurity • Program Design & ICS Leadership • Action and Regulatory Plans • Off-Shore Pest Information System • Communication • Funding

  49. Plant Protection and Quarantine: Roles United States Department of Agriculture Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service Plant Protection and Quarantine 1. Headquarters (cont.): Plant Health Programs: • Select Agent Program / Permits • Smuggling, Interdiction and Trade Compliance • CBP Liaison • Plant Safeguarding and Pest Identification • Phytosanitary Issue Management Professional Development Center (PDC): • Training • Plant Protection and Quarantine (PPQ) • Customs and Border Protection (CBP) • Incident Command System

  50. Plant Protection and Quarantine: Roles United States Department of Agriculture Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service Plant Protection and Quarantine 2. Center for Plant Health Science & Technology (CPHST): • Pest Risk Assessments • Technical Working Groups • Science-Based Solutions • Survey and Detection • Diagnostics • Development, Validation, Confirmation • Laboratory Accreditation • Technical Training • Control and Eradication Technologies