slide1 n.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Monday May 19, 2014 PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Monday May 19, 2014

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 14

Monday May 19, 2014 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 65 Views
  • Uploaded on

Monday May 19, 2014. Goal: 10.9.1 Compare economic & military power shifts caused by the war. In-class: 17.2 Communists Take Power in China PPT Notes Reflection #3: Duck and Cover

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Monday May 19, 2014' - oona


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
slide1

Monday May 19, 2014

Goal: 10.9.1 Compare economic & military power shifts caused by the war.

In-class: 17.2 Communists Take Power in China PPT Notes

Reflection #3: Duck and Cover

  • The following is a 1951 cartoon about nuclear weapons, shown in elementary schools. After watching, answer the following questions:

1. Do you think doing this would have helped the Japanese victims of the atomic bomb?

2. What is the point of showing this to the public? Why would the government make this?

Homework: Section Assessment 17.3 pg. 547 #1-6

slide2

Duck and Cover…..propaganda cartoon shown in elementary schools (1951)

  • Think about…..
    • Do you think doing this would have helped the Japanese victims of the atomic bomb?
    • What is the point of showing this to the public?
communists vs nationalists
Communists vs. Nationalists
  • China was in a Civil War between the Nationalists & Communists
  • Japan invaded in 1937 and both groups united to fight against the Japanese during WWII
the communists
The Communists
  • Mao Zedong—leader of the Chinese Communist Party (founded in 1921)
  • Had a stronghold in Northwestern China
  • Mobilized peasants for guerilla warfare against the Japanese
  • Made efforts to improve food production & literacy & won support in NW China by 1945
the nationalists
The Nationalists
  • Jiang Jieshi (Chiang Kai-Shek)—leader of the Nationalist Party
  • Dominated Southwest China
  • Did not do much fighting in WWII
  • Instead, they saved up strength to fight Mao’s Red Army after WWII ended
chinese civil war resumes
Chinese Civil War Resumes
  • Renewed Civil War lasted from 1946-1949
  • Nationalist Army outnumbered the Communists & were supported by the U.S.
  • Nationalists could not win popular support
  • China’s economy collapsed as a result of WWII & thousands of soldiers & civilians switched to the Communist Party
chinese civil war resumes1
Chinese Civil War Resumes
  • By 1949, China’s major cities fell to Mao’s Red Army
  • Jiang’s army & government fled to Taiwan
  • Mao’s Promises
    • Give land back to the peasants
    • China became the People’s Republic of China
    • Signed Treaty of Friendship with Russia (1950)
two chinas
Two Chinas
  • Taiwan or Nationalist

China

    • Supported by U.S.
    • Militarily weak & corrupt
    • Weak public support
  • Communist or People’s Republic of China
    • Supported by Soviets
    • Soviet-Chinese Alliance to support each other in an attack by the West
    • Experienced & motivated guerilla army
    • Strong public support
communist china expands
Communist China Expands
  • Chinese Red Army expanded into Tibet, India, & Mongolia
  • 1950-51, brutally took over Tibet & the Dalai Lama fled to India
  • India harbored Tibetan refugees which increased tension between China and India

Mongolia

India

communists transform china
Communists Transform China
  • Set up two political organizations, both headed by Mao until 1959
    • The Communist Party
    • National Government
  • Agrarian Reform Law of 1950
    • Mao seized land of owners & returned it to the peasants
    • Killed over a million people in the process
  • Established a 5-Year Economic Plan
    • Plan to boost industry & business
    • Increased output of coal, steel, concrete, & electricity
communists transform china1
Communists Transform China
  • The Great Leap Forward (1958)
    • Called for large collective farms, or communes
    • Peasants worked & lived there, owning nothing
    • Considered a failure after crop famines killed 20 million people
  • China and USSR begin to compete to lead the worldwide Communist Movement by the late 1950s
the cultural revolution
The Cultural Revolution
  • Led by the Red Guards, militias of Communist supporters
  • Goal: to establish a society of peasants & workers in which all were equal
  • Anything artistic & intellectual considered useless
  • Shut down colleges and schools
  • Intellectuals had to “purify” themselves by doing hard labor
  • Thousands executed & imprisoned
  • Chaos threatened the farm production & industry
  • Communist National Army was told to suppress the Red Guards & end the revolution