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Civil War 1861-1865. Union plan to defeat the South Winfield Scott’s idea Blockade Southern Ports Divide the Confederacy at the Mississippi River Capture Richmond, VA—the capital. Anaconda Plan. 1 st Battle of the Civil War (Virginia) July 1861 Confederate Victory

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Presentation Transcript
anaconda plan
Union plan to defeat the South

Winfield Scott’s idea

Blockade Southern Ports

Divide the Confederacy at the Mississippi River

Capture Richmond, VA—the capital

Anaconda Plan
bull run manassas
1st Battle of the Civil War (Virginia)

July 1861

Confederate Victory

Union picnickers came

Confederate = Stonewall Jackson & Beauregard

Union = McDowell

Bull Run / Manassas
shiloh
Shiloh Church (Pittsburgh Landing, TN)

Union leader = Grant

Surprise attack by Confederate forces while Union forces were encamped

Taught both sides to be more prepared

Tie / some say Union victory

Shiloh
antietam sharpsburg
Antietam / Sharpsburg
  • Maryland
  • Gen. McClellan (Union) v. Gen. Lee (CSA)
  • Sept. 1862
  • Bloodiest single day of battle ever
  • Union Victory
  • McClellan will be fired by Lincoln for not following Confederate army back & capturing Richmond, VA
chancellorsville
May 1863

Chancellorsville, VA

Robert E. Lee (CSA)

Joseph Hooker (USA)

Confederate Victory

After the battle Stonewall Jackson accidently killed by friendly fire

Chancellorsville
battle of gettysburg
Battle of Gettysburg
  • Robert E. Lee (CSA) v. George Meade (USA)
  • Pickett (CSA), Longstreet (CSA)
  • Pennsylvania
  • July 1-4,1863
  • Confederate troops attacked Union forces in PA
  • Major Confederate DEFEAT
  • Pickett’s Charge (Bayonets)
  • The South will never invade the North again
  • After this the South will fight a strictly defensive war
  • THE TURNING POINT OF THE WAR!!!
  • Union 23,000 / Confederacy 28,000 (casualties=killed or wounded)
vicksburg
Vicksburg
  • Vicksburg, Mississippi
  • Spring 1863
  • Union = Gen. Grant
  • Union troops surrounded the city for 6 week siege
  • City = starving
  • Confederate surrender
  • When the city fell to the Union moved on to capture the Mississippi River & divide the Confederacy
copperheads
Northern Democrats in Congress during the Civil War

Confederate sympathizers

Wanted to end the war with the South

The Copperhead Party - in favor of a vigorous prosecution of peace! Editorial illustration appeared in Harper's Magazine February 28, 1863.

Copperheads