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The 1 st Dynasties of China. 5.2. A. The Shang Dynasty. Ruled for 600years Made up of hundreds of towns & villages along Huang He Grew their kingdom by giving land to their family, who built new villages

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a the shang dynasty
A. The Shang Dynasty
  • Ruled for 600years
  • Made up of hundreds of towns & villages along Huang He
  • Grew their kingdom by giving land to their family, who built new villages
  • Relatives were required to help in times of war, including soldiers from the villages
  • The villages were built with pit-houses
  • Tombs near the homes contained artifacts – maybe royal tombs
  • One of the tombs was for Fu Hao = Lady Hao, who even led troops
b writing
B. Writing
  • Writing began before the Shang
  • It began a lot like cuneiform, but changed
  • Early writing may have been on bamboo or silk, but it didn’t survive
  • Some writing on bronze pots and stone did survive
  • Oracle bones also survived
c religion
C. Religion
  • Believed their ancestors lived in another world & controlled human life
  • If an oracle’s prediction came true it meant the ancestors were helping the king
  • They also believed in many nature gods
d china s classic age
D. China’s Classic Age
  • The Shang had an on & off relationship with the Zhou Kingdom
  • Wuwang of the Zhou conquered the Shang around 1100 B.C.
  • Claimed the right to rule based on the Mandate of Heaven
    • Similar to the idea of ancestors giving help
    • If you rule well and wisely you will receive help and continue to rule – if you don’t rule wisely someone will replace you
    • Zhou claimed they ruled because the last Shang emperor was evil
d china s classic age1
D. China’s Classic Age
  • Duke of Zhou is still a Chinese hero
    • When Wuwang died he left an infant son to rule
    • His uncle ruled for him
    • After a rebellion the kingdom he gave back the kingdom to his nephew
  • During the Zhou Dynasty China saw the most growth creativity
  • This is when the 5 Classics were written – they began the basic Chinese Literary style
e acheivements
E. Acheivements
  • Trade expanded
    • Built canals & roads
    • Made metal coins
  • Iron
    • Improved iron & iron production
    • New weapons, agricultural tools, & sculpture
    • Farming became easier to feed the growing population
  • Horses & chariots
    • Learned horseback riding from their northern neighbors
    • Developed chariots for battle
    • Both of these allowed soldiers & info. to travel faster
f warring states period
F. Warring States Period
  • The new weapons and techniques led local leaders to war with each other
  • Each local leader tried to attract thinkers & scholars
  • This led to new ideas & philosophies
  • A.K.A. the era of the “Hundred Schools”
  • Lao Zi, his teachings led to Daoism
    • Believed nature should be their guide
    • Influenced both art & medicine
g confucius
G. Confucius
  • Born around 551 B.C.
  • His students wrote down his ideas and teachings
      • This book is called the Analects
  • Did not start a religion
  • He was a teacher who taught the lessons of the past
  • Believed education was the key to happiness, because education teaches benevolence – acting fairly toward others
  • If everyone in the government ruled with justice, prosperity follows naturally