abnormal psychology n.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Hour 1 and 2: How has our perception and the treatment of mental illness changed over time? PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Hour 1 and 2: How has our perception and the treatment of mental illness changed over time?

Loading in 2 Seconds...

  share
play fullscreen
1 / 12
onofre

Hour 1 and 2: How has our perception and the treatment of mental illness changed over time? - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

120 Views
Download Presentation
Hour 1 and 2: How has our perception and the treatment of mental illness changed over time?
An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author. While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

  1. Abnormal Psychology Hour 1 and 2: How has our perception and the treatment of mental illness changed over time? • Early theories and treatment of mental illness • A brief history of insanity • Changes over time in the definition of mental • illness • The DSMIV • Modern constructs of mental illness Modern approaches to the causes and treatment of mental illness • Biological approach • Cognitive approach • Psychoanalytic approach • Humanistic approach • Behavioural approach

  2. Early theories of mental illness (1400 A.D.approx) • Natural vs. supernatural ailments • Witchcraft as causation

  3. London’s Bethlehem (Bedlam) Asylum • Charging admission to see the “lunatics” Early treatment of mental illness (1600 A.D.approx)

  4. Changes over time in the definitions of mental illness Early classification of mental illness (1800 A.D.) Seven categories of mental illness • Mania • Melancholia • Monomania • Paresis • Dementia • Dipsomania • Epilepsy Modern classification of mental illness • The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual • of Mental Disorders (The DSM)

  5. Modern constructs of mental illness and the DSM • What was once “deviant” is now normal • Homosexuality, nymphomania and masturbation What was once normal is now “deviant” • The Jerusalem syndrome.

  6. Modern approaches to the causes and treatment of mental illness • Biological approach • Cognitive approach • Psychoanalytic approach • Humanistic approach • Behavioural approach

  7. Modern approaches to the causes and treatment of mental illness Biological approach • Causes • Assumes disorders are based on physical causes • Based on the medical model • Imbalance of neurotransmitters • e.g., too much dopamine: schizophrenia • too little serotonin : depression • too little GABA: anxiety • Treatment • Drugs • Antipsychotics to relieve hallucinations • Anti depressants to relieve depression • Tranquilizers to relieve anxiety

  8. Modern approaches to the causes and treatment of mental illness Cognitive approach • Causes • Disorders are caused by faulty thought processes • e.g., pessimistic or catastrophic thinking • Treatment • Change the patient’s negative thought process • Thought stopping • Rational-emotive therapy

  9. BREAK

  10. Modern approaches to the causes and treatment of mental illness Psychoanalytic approach • Causes • Abnormal behaviour is a result of the • conflict-anxiety-defense–symptoms sequence • that begins in early childhood • Personality characteristics of the parents • (in the case of schizophrenia) • Treatment • Psychotherapy - helping patients gain insight • into the underlying causes of behaviour.

  11. Modern approaches to the causes and treatment of mental illness Humanist approach • Causes • Anxiety and depression are due to the discrepancy • between the current self and the ideal self. • Focuses on the anxiety or depression of normal • individual • Never seriously addressed the causes of severe • disorders or developed a comprehensive theories • of abnormal behaviour. e.g., Schizophrenia is not • a disorder, just an alternative form of adjustment • Treatment • Help the individual close the gap between the • current self and the ideal self

  12. Modern approaches to the causes and treatment of mental illness Behavioural approach • Causes • Faulty maladaptive learning • Behaviour is the problem, not physiology • No underlying cause • Treatment • Application of the laws of classical and operant • conditioning • Behaviour modification • Systematic desensitization • Flooding • Aversive conditioning