universal standard precautions bloodborne pathogens n.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
UNIVERSAL/STANDARD PRECAUTIONS BLOODBORNE PATHOGENS PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
UNIVERSAL/STANDARD PRECAUTIONS BLOODBORNE PATHOGENS

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 19

UNIVERSAL/STANDARD PRECAUTIONS BLOODBORNE PATHOGENS - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 143 Views
  • Uploaded on

UNIVERSAL/STANDARD PRECAUTIONS BLOODBORNE PATHOGENS. Michigan Department of Community Health Bureau of Laboratories. What is Universal Precautions? . OSHA’s required method of control to protect employees from exposure to all human blood and other potentially infectious materials.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'UNIVERSAL/STANDARD PRECAUTIONS BLOODBORNE PATHOGENS' - onella


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
universal standard precautions bloodborne pathogens

UNIVERSAL/STANDARD PRECAUTIONSBLOODBORNE PATHOGENS

Michigan Department of Community Health

Bureau of Laboratories

what is universal precautions
What is Universal Precautions?
  • OSHA’s required method of control to protect employees from exposure to all human blood and other potentially infectious materials.
slide3
Observing “Universal Precautions” means you consider all human blood and certain human fluids infectious for all bloodborne pathogens.
universal precautions continued
Universal Precautions (continued)
  • Perform all tasks using safe work practices
  • Use appropriate personal protective equipment.
  • Use engineering controls
most common route of exposure
Most Common Route of Exposure
  • Sharps
    • Lancets
    • Broken Glass
    • Needles
the bloodborne pathogens that pose the most serious health risks
The bloodborne pathogens that pose the most serious health risks
  • Hepatitis B virus (HBV)
  • Hepatitis C virus (HCV)
  • Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)
bloodborne pathogens continued
Bloodborne Pathogens (continued)
  • Hepatitis B vaccination is recommended for all health care workers
  • No FDA approved vaccine exists to prevent HCV or HIV infection
who is at risk for sharps injury
Who is at risk for sharps injury?
  • Workers performing fingersticks
  • Lab workers
  • Housekeepers/janitorial staff
  • Medical waste contractor
work practices that increase the risk of a sharps injury
Work practices that increase the risk of a sharps injury
  • Recapping needles
  • Transferring a body fluid between containers
  • Opening blood tubes
  • Failing to dispose of used sharps properly in a puncture-proof sharps container
how can you i protect myself from occupational exposure to blood and sharps injuries
How can you I protect myself from occupational exposure to blood and sharps injuries?
  • Assume all blood and body fluids to be infectious
  • Always use safe work practices, required PPE, and safety devices
  • Do not eat, drink or apply cosmetics in the work area
  • Avoid the use of needles and lancets if safe and effective alternatives are available
protect yourself continued
Protect Yourself (continued)
  • Help your employer select and evaluate devices with safety features that reduce the risk of sharps injuries
  • Use devices with safety features provided by your employer
  • Plan for safe handling and disposal of any sharps and other infectious waste before using them
protect yourself continued1
Protect Yourself (continued)
  • Promptly dispose of used sharps in appropriate sharps disposal containers
  • Report all occupational exposures promptly to ensure that you receive appropriate follow-up care
  • Tell your employer about real or potential hazards you observe
  • Participate in training related to infection prevention
  • Get a Hepatitis B vaccination
safe work habits for hiv testing providers
Safe Work Habits for HIV Testing Providers
  • Use disposal gloves and change gloves after contact with each client
  • Wash hands and other skin surfaces immediately and thoroughly if contaminated with blood
  • Place contaminated sharps after use in a sharps container
safe work habits continued
Safe Work Habits (continued)
  • Place all contaminated waste in an appropriately labeled container and transport in a leak proof, puncture-proof outer container
  • Disinfect all work surfaces and items before and after testing with 10% bleach solution or EPA approved disinfect
handling occupational exposures
Handling Occupational Exposures
  • Employee should immediately report the expose to a supervisor
  • Immediately wash skin with soap and water
  • Apply first aid to the wound
occupational exposure continued
Occupational Exposure (continued)
  • Use Occupational Health Service for immediate treatment and counseling (Employee may decline treatment but must sign a wavier)
  • Collect a baseline serum
  • Source blood tested for HIV/HBV/HCV
occupational exposure continued1
Occupational Exposure (continued)
  • Written Investigation of exposure
  • Record on sharps injury log and MIOSHA form 300
record keeping requirements
Record Keeping Requirements
  • Written Exposure Control Plan for Bloodborne Pathogens
  • Review Safe Needle Devices Annually
  • Sharps injury Log
  • MIOSHA Form 300
  • MIOSHA Form 300A
references
References
  • Bloodborne infectious Diseases, MIOSHA, Part 553, R 325.70001-R 325.70018 www.michigan.gov/mioshastandards
  • www.michigan.gov/mdchlab
  • Clinical Laboratory Safety; Approved Guidelines –Second Edition, CLSI, GP17-A2