Prayer Songs Offering Bible Study Song Lord’s Supper Announcements Prayer. At the conclusion of the Old Testament Jews back from Babylonian captivity Under domination of the Medio-Persian empire Temple rebuilt, priests descended from Aaron serving in temple No king
Jews back from Babylonian captivity
Under domination of the Medio-Persian empire
Temple rebuilt, priests descended from Aaron serving in temple
No divisions into various social, economic, religious parties
A totally different world
Rome is dominant power in the world, Jews under their control
They have a king: the family of Herod
Priests no longer from Aaron, priesthood now a political office
Temple still center of worship but synagogues are found in Jewish cities
Divided into three parties: Pharisees, Sadducees, Essenes
NT books and letters filled with allusions to events, people, institutions not found in the OT
There are 400 years of silence between the events recorded in Malachi and the world described in the Gospels.
One cannot be a well-rounded Bible student and be ignorant of what occurred during these four centuries.
Between the Testaments
Over a period of some 69 years Daniel had a series of 4 visions regarding 4 world kingdoms plus the kingdom of God.
These visions, objectively studied, provide some of the finest evidence we have for the verbal inspiration of the Bible.
the liberals and skeptics be ashamed
and hang their heads in disgrace for
their attacks upon it.
Daniel’s foreknowledge and explicit details concerning the 4 kingdoms and their rulers are such that no one could have projected such things without Divine assistance.
These prophecies also cover the 400 years between the testaments and accurately foretell various people and events within that period.
Many of the events taking place during this period have a direct impact upon NT history. One cannot appreciate the latter without an understanding of the former.
20 But the prophet who speaks a word presumptuously in My name which I have not commanded him to speak, or which he speaks in the name of other gods, that prophet shall die. 21 You may say in your heart, “How will we know the word which the LORD has not spoken?” 22 When a prophet speaks in the name of the LORD, if the thing does not come about or come true, that is the thing which the LORD has not spoken. The prophet has spoken it presumptuously; you shall not be afraid of him.
20 But know this first of all, that no prophecy of Scripture is a matter of one's own interpretation, 21 for no prophecy was ever made by an act of human will, but men moved by the Holy Spirit spoke from God.
Media-Persia ascended to prominence 539 BC
605-539 =66 years prior to fulfillment
Daniel’s 1st prophecy of Greece605 BC
Greece ascended to prominence 330 BC
605-330 =275 years prior to fulfillment
Alexander the Great rose to power 330 BC
547-330 =217 years prior to fulfillment
Daniel’s 1st prophecy of Rome605 BC
Rome ascended to prominence 63 BC
605-63 =542 years prior to fulfillment
The Dead Sea scrolls
The Pharisees and Sadducees