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  1. Why • Jesus? Prophetically Inevitably Historically

  2. Jesus’ Life Ministry • Historical Evidence of Jesus • Impact Jesus had on World History

  3. Jesus’ Life Ministry 1. Birth and Youth (4 B.C.-26 A.D.), up to age 30 • Birth of Jesus (4 B.C.) • Jesus in the Temple in Jerusalem, age 12 (8 A.D.) • Life in Nazareth, Jesus works as a carpenter (8-26 A.D.)  2. Early Ministry, Judea (26-27 A.D.), age 30 • Baptism, temptation by Satan, first disciples • Visit to Cana and Capernaum • First Passover, clears the temple courts • Teaches Nicodemus, John 3:16 3. Period of popular favor; Galilee (27-29 A.D.), age 31-32 • John imprisoned; Samaria; Galilee • Rejection at Nazareth • Twelve chosen • Sermon on the Mount • Tours through Galilee; taught parables and performed miracles • Five thousand fed, walks on water, the Bread of Life

  4. Jesus’ Life Ministry 4. Period of Opposition; Galilee, Judea and Perea (29-30 A.D.), age 33 • The Great Confession; the Transfiguration • Departure from Galilee; the Seventy sent out • Received by Martha and Mary, The Lord’s Prayer • Lazarus raised; retirement to Perea • Return to Jerusalem; teachings on the way; arrival at Bethany 5. The Final Week; Jerusalem (30 A.D.), age 33 • Triumphal entry • Teaching and controversies in the Temple • Discourse on the Last Days • The Passover; the Last Supper; Gethsemane • Arrest; trial; crucifixion; burial 6. Resurrection and Ascension (30 A.D.), age 33 • Resurrection • Appearances to the disciples • The Ascension

  5. Map of Current Day Israel

  6. Birth and Childhood *Capernaum *Cana *Nazareth *Jericho *Jerusalem *Bethlehem *Flee to Egypt

  7. Baptism to Wedding at Cana *Capernaum *Cana *Nazareth *Bethany (Wilderness)* *Bethlehem

  8. Early Judea Ministry *Capernaum *Cana *Nazareth *Sychar *Jericho *Jerusalem

  9. Galilean Ministry *Capernaum *Cana *Nazareth *Jericho *Jerusalem *Bethany *Bethlehem

  10. Galilean Ministry (cont.) Capernaum *Sermon on the Mount *Cana *Nazareth *Jericho *Jerusalem *Bethlehem

  11. Galilean, Judea, Perea Ministry *Tyre *Caeserae Philippi *Capernaum *Cana *Nazareth *Jericho *Jerusalem *Bethany *Bethlehem

  12. Jesus’ Teachings • Use scriptures • Tell stories or parables • Take advantage of events and special occasion to preach sermons to crowds • Answer questions directed at him • Give direct instructions • Teach when having general conversations with people • Exhort and reprove

  13. “He (Jesus Christ) was a virtuous and an amiable man. The morality that he preached and practiced was of the most benevolent kind; and though similar systems of morality had been preached by Confucius, and by some of the Greek philosophers, many years before; by Quakers since; and by many good men in all ages, it has not been exceeded by any.” Thomas Paine

  14. Hebrews 1:1-2 “In the past God spoke to our ancestors through the prophets at many times and in various ways, but in these last days he has spoken to us by his Son.” John 1:14 “The Word became flesh and made his dwelling among us.”

  15. John 3:16 “For God so loved the world that he gave his one and only Son...” Isaiah 7:14 (fulfilling prophecy) “Therefore the Lord himself will give you a sign: The virgin will conceive and give birth to a son, and will call him Immanuel.”

  16. “It is all together fitting that the One who performed many miracles during His life, who offered Himself on the cross as an atoning sacrifice for the sins of men, and who then rose bodily from the dead in vindication of all His claims, should have begun such a unique life by a unique entrance into that life…

  17. “Not only is the virgin birth true because it is clearly taught in the bible, but also because it is the only type of birth consistent with the character and mission of Jesus Christ and with God’s great plan of salvation for a lost world… “To say that such a miracle is impossible is to deny the existence of God or else to deny that He can control His creation.” Henry Morris

  18. Jesus’ Life Ministry • Historical Evidence of Jesus • Impact Jesus had on World History

  19. Matthew 16:13-16 “ 13 Jesus asked his disciples, ‘Who do people say the Son of Man is?’. 14They replied, ‘Some say John the Baptist; others say Elijah; and still others, Jeremiah or one of the prophets.’ 15‘But what about you?’ he asked. ‘Who do you say I am?’ 16Simon Peter answered, ‘You are the Messiah, the Son of the living God.’ ”

  20. “Hence to suppress the rumor, he falsely charged guilt and punishment with the most exquisite tortures, the persons commonly known as Christians, who were hated for their enormities. Christus, the founder of the name, was put to death by Pontius Pilate, procurator of Judea in the reign of Tiberius: but the pernicious superstition, repressed for a time, broke out again, not only through Judea, where the mischief originated, but through the city of Rome also.” Cornelius Tacitus (55-120AD)

  21. “The Christians, you know, worship a man to this day-the distinguished personage who introduced their novel rites, and was crucified.” Lucian

  22. “As the Jews were making constant disturbances at the instigation of Christus, Claudius expelled them from Rome.” Suetonius (Roman historian)

  23. Luke 1:1-4 “Many have undertaken to draw up an account of the things that have been fulfilled among us, just as they were handed down to us by those who from the first were eyewitnesses and servants of the word. With this in mind, since I myself have carefully investigated everything from the beginning, I too decided to write an orderly account for you, most excellent Theophilus, so that you may know the certainty of the things you have been taught.”

  24. Historical Facts About Jesus • Jesus was a Jewish teacher • Many people believed that he performed healings and casting out demons • Some people believed he was the Messiah • He was rejected by Jewish leaders • He was crucified under Pontius Pilate in the reign of Tiberius

  25. Historical Facts About Jesus 6. Despite a shameful death, his followers, who believe that he was still alive, spread beyond Palestine so that there were multitudes of them in Rome in 64AD 7. All kinds of people from the cities and countryside, men and women, slave and free, worshiped him as God

  26. Colossians 1:15-20 “The Son is the image of the invisible God, the firstborn over all creation. For in him all things were created: things in heaven and on earth, visible and invisible, whether thrones or powers or rulers or authorities; all things have been created through him and for him. He is before all things, and in him all things hold together.

  27. Colossians 1:15-20 And he is the head of the body, the church; he is the beginning and the firstborn from among the dead, so that in everything he might have the supremacy. For God was pleased to have all his fullness dwell in him, and through him to reconcile to himself all things, whether things on earth or things in heaven, by making peace through his blood, shed on the cross.”

  28. Jesus’ Life Ministry • Historical Evidence of Jesus • Impact Jesus had on World History

  29. “Alexander, Caesar, Charlemagne and I myself have founded great empires; but upon what did these creations of our genius depend? Upon force. Jesus alone founded His Empire upon love, and to this very day millions will die for Him. . . “I know men; and I tell you that Jesus Christ is not a man. Superficial minds see a resemblance between Christ and the founders of empires, and gods of other religions. That resemblance does not exist. There is between Christianity and whatever other religions that distance of infinity…

  30. “Everything in Christ astonishes me. His spirit overawes me, and His will confounds me. Between Him and whoever else in the world, there is no possible term of comparison. He is truly a being by Himself… “One can absolutely find nowhere, but in Him alone, the imitation of the example of His life… I search in vain in history to find the similar to Jesus Christ, or anything which can approach the gospel. Neither history, nor humanity, nor the ages, nor nature, offer me anything with which I am able to compare it or to explain it. Here everything is extraordinary.” Napoleon Bonaparte

  31. 1 AD Life of Jesus and Early Church 100 AD • Jesus crucified, resurrected, ascends into heaven, 30AD • Conversion of apostle Paul, 37AD • Followers of Christ first called Christians at Antioch, 46AD • Great fire in Rome, Christians blamed, thousands killed, 64AD • Jewish revolt against Rome, Jerusalem destroyed, 70AD • Coliseum in Rome built, Christians sacrificed, 75AD • All New Testament books completed, 96AD • Death of John, all other disciples die a martyr, 100AD Christian History • Emperor Gaius Caligula assassinated, • succeeded by Claudius, 41AD • London founded, 43AD • Buddhism introduced into China, 49AD World History

  32. Roman Period 500 AD 100 AD • Edict of Milan, Christianity is legalized in the Roman Empire, 313AD • Council of Nicaea, confirms Trinity and deity of Christ, 325AD • Augustine wrote numerous theological works, 395AD • Translation of the Scriptures into Latin, 405AD • Council of Chalcedon focused on the divine and human nature of Christ, 451AD Christian History • Great plague in Roman Empire, 170AD • Mayan civilization begins, 250AD • Huns invade Europe, 360AD • Fall of the Roman Empire, 476AD World History

  33. Middle Ages 1000 AD 500AD • Christianity spreads throughout Middle East, 528 • Islam wiped out Christianity in Egypt & N. Africa • Iconoclasm, the destruction of religious arts begins • War breaks out between Persia & Byzantine Empire, 539 • Dome of the Rock built on Temple Mt, Jerusalem, 688 Christian History • Byzantine Golden Era • Constantinople center of commerce & culture • Islam founded, 610 • Arabs conquer Persia • Charlemagne reigns • Viking explorations, 900 World History

  34. 1500 AD 1000 AD • Muslims destroy Church in Jerusalem, 1009 • Great Schism between Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox churches, 1054 • Muslims capture Jerusalem, 1187 • Inquisition begins, 1229 • Wycliffe bible, translated in English, 1371 • Gutenberg printing press invented, 1440AD Christian History • Genghis Khan conquers China, Iran, Iraq, 1211 • Marco Polo travels to China, 1275 • Ming Dynasty begins in China, expels Mongols, 1368 • Beginning of Renaissance period, 1450 • Columbus discovers America, 1492 World History

  35. 2000 AD 1500 AD • Puritanism begins, 1560 • Greek New Testament published, 1516 • Reformation, Martin Luther’s postings, 1517 • The Great Awakening, 1720 • Hudson Taylor China missions begins, 1865 • The Discovery of the Dead Sea Scrolls, 1947 • Billy Graham ministries begin, 1949 Christian History • French Revolution, 1789 • Napoleon Empire, 1804 • World War I, 1914 • World War II, 1939 • Berlin Wall erected, 1961 • World Trade Center, Pentagon attacked, 2001 World History

  36. An Original Rule of Harvard College (1636) “Let every student be plainly instructed and earnestly pressed to consider well, the main end of his life and studies is, to know God and Jesus Christ which is eternal life, and therefore to lay Christ in the bottom, as the only foundation of all sound knowledge and learning.”

  37. One Solitary Life “Here is a man who was born in an obscure village, the child of a peasant woman. He grew up in another village. He worked in a carpenter shop until He was thirty. Then for three years He was an itinerant preacher. “He never owned a home. He never wrote a book. He never held an office. He never had a family. He never went to college. He never put His foot inside a big city. He never traveled two hundred miles from the place He was born. He never did one of the things that usually accompany greatness. He had no credentials but Himself. . . .

  38. One Solitary Life “While still a young man, the tide of popular opinion turned against Him. His friends ran away. One of them denied Him. He was turned over to His enemies. He went through the mockery of a trial. “He was nailed upon a cross between two thieves. While He was dying His executioners gambled for the only piece of property He had on earth—His coat. When He was dead, He was laid in a borrowed grave through the pity of a friend.

  39. One Solitary Life “Nineteen long centuries have come and gone, and today He is a centerpiece of the human race and leader of the column of progress. “I am far within the mark when I say that all the armies that ever marched, all the navies that were ever built; all the parliaments that ever sat and all the kings that ever reigned, put together, have not affected the life of man upon this earth as powerfully as has that one solitary life.” Dr. James Allan Francis

  40. Matthew 28:19 “Therefore go and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them…” Mark 13:10 “And the gospel must first be preached to all nations.”

  41. Romans 10:14-15  “And how can they believe in the one of whom they have not heard? And how can they hear without someone preaching to them? And how can anyone preach unless they are sent? As it is written: ‘How beautiful are the feet of those who bring good news!’ ”

  42. World Population 7,006,847,945 2011 7 billion 2020 7.6 billion 2027 8 billion 2030 8.2 billion 2040 8.8 billion 2046 9 billion 2050 9.2 billion 1AD 2 million 4.7 billion (1/3 Christians)

  43. World Population Distribution

  44. “You are never too old to set another goal or to dream a new dream.” C.S. Lewis

  45. Why • Jesus? Continues next week...