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Chapter 15

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  1. Chapter 15 The News Media

  2. To Learning Objectives • Where do people get their news? • Mass media includes • Print sources • Movies • Radio • Television • New Media

  3. Print Media To Learning Objectives LO 15.1 Early partisan press Penny press Yellow Journalism Muckraking

  4. Radio News To Learning Objectives LO 15.1 • FDR’s fireside chats • Today • AM Talk—conservative dominance • Liberals: National Public Radio

  5. Television News To Learning Objectives LO 15.1 Network News Cable News: C-SPAN Comedy News: SNL, the Daily Show, the Colbert Report

  6. New Media To Learning Objectives LO 15.1 • The Internet • Blogs • Redstate.org, dailykos.com • Social networking sites • Facebook, Twitter

  7. Citizen Journalists To Learning Objectives LO 15.2 • The rise of citizen journalists • Internet • Traditional media • Pro: Democratization • Con: Untrained in rules and standards of journalism

  8. Media and the political agenda • Many people wouldn’t be concerned with issues if they weren’t in the media • The media has control over what people become concerned about, but not how they react to it

  9. Public view on the media • Most people believe the media, especially what they see on t.v. • The percentage of people that believe the media is biased is increasing • The press itself believes it is unbiased

  10. Roles played by the Nat'l media • Gatekeeper: they decide what becomes news and for how long • Scorekeeper: they keep up with what is going on • Watchdog: investigate personalities/ expose scandals

  11. Narrowcasting To Learning Objectives LO 15.2 • Fierce competition to attract viewers and the rise of cable and satellite television have led media outlets to move toward narrowcasting • Fox News versus MSNBC • Spanish-language news programs on stations such as Univision and Telemundo • Black Entertainment Television • Pat Robertson’s Christian Broadcasting Network

  12. Toward Reform: News Media Influence, News Media Bias, and Public Confidence To Learning Objectives News Media Influence on public opinion Sway people who lack a strong opinion Bring attention to issues removed from daily lives Agenda setting Framing

  13. How the News Media Cover Politics To Learning Objectives • How the Press and Public Figures Interact • Press releases • Press briefings and press conferences • Covering the Presidency • Receives the most media attention • The press secretary • Covering Congress • Cover leaders of parties and committees

  14. Rules governing the media • Newspapers Vs electronic media: • Prior Restraint-The constitution says you cannot place restrictions ahead of time on newspapers (only in very narrow circumstances), however you can punish afterward • Radio and t.v. networks are regulated. Both require licenses to air

  15. News leaks • Contrary to many other democracies, printing government secrets is not illegal • Many leaks occur because of the competition between governmental branches. Each branch competes with one another by leaking information about projects and such to make themselves look better

  16. Government and journalists • Abundance of congressional staffers makes it easy for reporters to get information for their stories • Reporters who bash the president are frowned upon however those who write good about the president are benefited with news leaks and tips for stories