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Ch. 7 PowerPoint Presentation

Ch. 7

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Ch. 7

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  1. Ch. 7

  2. Third Declension Nouns • 3rd decl. nouns are very common in Latin. • You MUST memorize the entire vocab entry—one feature of 3rd decl. is that the base often changes in all cases other than the nom. sing. • The genitive gives you the base form. • 3rd decl. nouns can be any gender. • Memorize the new endings!

  3. Endings Sing. Plural Nom. -es Gen. -is -um Dat. -i -ibus Acc. -em -es Abl. -e -ibus

  4. 3rd Decl. Vocab • Amor, amoris, m.—love • Passer, passeris, m.—sparrow • Pax, pacis, f.—peace • Senex, senis, m.—old man • Soror, sororis, f.—sister

  5. Practice • Decline pax and amor in full. • Give the case, number, and gender for: • Sene • Sorores • Amori • Pacem • Senibus

  6. More Practice • Amoremhaberepossumus. • Senes Romani vinculis non tenentur. • Paxsororibusbonisdatur. • Virvenenummalispasseribus dat. • DocerelitterasRomaepotes? • Vircastrapasserumvidet. • Propter bella, Romani viriservarepacem non possunt.

  7. Case, Number, and Gender • For each noun, give the case, number, gender, and if you finish early, the declension. • Aquas • Bellorum • Soror • Paci • Amicos • Memoriam

  8. Sight Reading • Senexaquampasseribus dat. • Paxmalisviris non tenetur. • SororesRomanaepoetisamantur. • Filiiamorem belli habent. • Venenasenibus non damus.

  9. Short Story—MiseriSenes • Translate, and identify the case and number of all 3rd-declension nouns. • Senes Romani multapraemia ex bellotenent. Non dantpraemiaRomanisfiliis, feminis, et viris. Miserisunt, et propter bellapraeclari et magnisunt. Paxpraemia et pecuniam non dat. Itaque, senespacemnon dat.

  10. Change the Verb • Change the verb in parentheses to agree with the subject of the sentence, and translate. • Sorores de Romā. (cogitare) • Bonus agricolacenamsenibus. (dare) • Virimali in agris (manere) • Ego cenare in animo. (habere) • Propter passeres, Acricolaemiseri. (esse)

  11. Translate • Druidespueros in castra docent? • Virimagnamcasam non habent. • Senex non sum. Tues? • Soror memoriam pacisfirmat. • Virpraemiumpaci dat. • Romani puerilibros et litteras non amant, sed bellum. • Feminae in agrissenis ambulant, sedviri et pueri in casāmanent.

  12. Indirect Statement • An indirect statement reports someone or something else’s thoughts, views, or words. • In English, indirect statement is indicated by the word ‘that’. • Examples: • Dwight said that Michael is brilliant. • Mr. Conley thinks that he wants a pizza. • Do you think that Creed is crazy?

  13. Indirect Statement • In Latin, indirect statements are associated with “head verbs.” • Head verbs are verbs associated with thinking, seeing, speaking, and feeling—anything cognitive. • Pick the “head verbs” from the following list: • Narrat —Cenas • Maneo —Est • Ambulat —Vident • The “head verbs” are the main verbs in the sentences—they translate normally.

  14. Indirect Statement • The verb in the indirect statement (what is being reported) is in the infinitive. • The subject of the indirect statement is in the accusative. • Examples: • Virvidetpuellamambulare. • Feminanarratpasseremmalumesse. • Puerisenemiacerevident. • Just as always, find the main verb first. If it is a “head verb,” then there is a good chance you may have an indirect statement.

  15. Translation Guide • Find the main verb. • Find the subject. • If the verb is a cognitive verb, be on the lookout for an indirect statement. • If the indirect statement contains a se, then the subject is the same as that of the main verb. (He that he…) • If you finish early: underline all of the indirect statements in the English translation, and circle the 3rd declension nouns.

  16. Sight Reading • Senes se non haberepecuniamnarrant.

  17. Sight Reading • Senes se non haberepecuniamnarrant. • Vides puerosdocere in castris?

  18. Sight Reading • Senes se non haberepecuniamnarrant. • Vides puerosdocere in castris? • Catullus Romanosviros dare praemianarrat.

  19. Sight Reading • Senes se non haberepecuniamnarrant. • Vides puerosdocere in castris? • Catullus Romanosviros dare praemianarrat. • Numacogitatoffamessebonam, sed non passerem.

  20. Sight Reading • Senes se non haberepecuniamnarrant. • Vides puerosdocere in castris? • Catullus Romanosviros dare praemianarrat. • Numacogitatoffamessebonam, sed non passerem. • Poeta putatpuellas et puerosbellopararidebere.

  21. Vircibumamat, sed non passeres. • Olim, virmagnusvidetpasseremintrarecasam. Cogitatpasseres in casissoleremanere. Propter passerem, familiaviri non gaudiumhabet. Mox, casa multispasseribustenetur, et passerescibumviricenant. Familiacenare non potest. Virnarratfamiliae se miserumesse. Consilium non habet, sednarrat se praemia bono auxilio dare.

  22. Sight Reading • Romani senesnarrant se amorembellohabere.

  23. Sight Reading • Romani senesnarrant se amorembellohabere. • Poeta bonus putattemiserumesse.

  24. Sight Reading • Romani senesnarrant se amorembellohabere. • Poeta bonus putattemiserumesse. • Senes dare pecuniamiubeo.

  25. Sight Reading • Romani senesnarrant se amorembellohabere. • Poeta bonus putattemiserumesse. • Senes dare pecuniamiubeo. • Malus Catullus narratfeminamamarepasserem, sed non Catullum.

  26. Sight Reading • Romani senesnarrant se amorembellohabere. • Poeta bonus putattemiserumesse. • Senes dare pecuniamiubeo. • Malus Catullus narratfeminamamarepasserem, sed non Catullum. • Propter dolumsenis, sororcogitat se in vinculismanere.

  27. Catullus, 1st Four Lines of Poem 5 Vivimus, mea Lesbia, atqueamamus, Rumoresquesenumseveriorum Omnesuniusaestimusassis! Soles occidere et redirepossunt… Vivimus—we live Rumor, rumoris, m.—rumor Severior—harsh Omnes—all Sol, solis, m.—sun Occidere—fall Redire—return

  28. Vocab “quiz” • Give English definitions for the following: • Femina, feminae, f. • Amor, amoris, m. • Pax, pacis, f. • Senex, senis, m. • Ager, agris, m. • Bellum, belli, n. • Amicus, amici, m. • Passer, passeris, m. • Cogito, cogitare, cogitavi, cogitatus • Possum, posse, potui • Extra credit: pick any one of the 3rd declension nouns above, and decline it in full.