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The Battle of Bull Run The First Major Battle of the War. Pgs. 162-163. The Battle of Bull Run. Three months after the attack on Ft. Sumter, (July 1861) two armies of eager young men met at a stream near the town of Manassas Junction, Virginia.

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The battle of bull run the first major battle of the war

The Battle of Bull RunThe First Major Battle of the War

Pgs. 162-163


The battle of bull run
The Battle of Bull Run

  • Three months after the attack on Ft. Sumter, (July 1861) two armies of eager young men met at a stream near the town of Manassas Junction, Virginia.

  • The Northern army consisted of about 35,000 soldiers compared to the South’s army of 22,000.


A union defeat
A Union Defeat

  • After hours of fighting, the South won the battle.

  • The defeat shocked the Union!

  • Northerners had entered the war feeling very strong.

  • The North had a larger population, more factories to make weapons, and more railroads to get supplies to their troops.


A wake up call for the north
A Wake Up Call for the North

  • Many in the North, thought the war would end in just a few weeks.

  • They were now faced with a Southern army that was more powerful and more determined than expected.

  • Southerners had a very strong will to win.

  • Lincoln called for more soldiers and began looking for new officers to lead his army.


A new plan for the north
A New Plan for the North

  • The North decided to cut-off southern trade with the North and with other countries.

  • They cut-off trade by setting up a blockade of Southern ports stopping ships from entering or leaving the harbor.

  • The North believed that without trade, the South would become weaker.


The anaconda plan
The “Anaconda” Plan

  • Many Northerners thought the blockade plan would take too long to be effective.

  • They thought Lincoln should send soldiers into the South and invade Richmond, Virginia, the Southern capital.

  • Many in the South, wanted to see Confederate soldiers enter and invade Washington, D.C.


The southern view
The Southern View

  • Southerners compared their predicament to that of George Washington during the Revolutionary War.

  • They wanted to protect their homes and defeat their enemy just as the Patriots beat the British.

  • Southerners also hoped countries in Europe would help them win the war.

  • England and France depended on Southern cotton to keep their textile mills running, and they hoped these two countries would join forces with the South.