TAH Workshop: Age of JacksonStandards & Methods Fran O’Malley Delaware Social Studies Education Project February 11, 2012
Entry Activity Previously Held Office • President A: Vice President • President B: Secretary of State • President C: Secretary of State • President D: Secretary of State What pattern appears to emerge from the data? Support your answer with evidence.
Hypothetical Election Qualifications Candidate A Talented Secretary of State Candidate B Speaker of the House Candidate C Treasurer Candidate D Military Hero
Hypothetical Election Amendment Twelve, United States Constitution “…if no person have such a majority [of electoral votes], then from the persons having the highest numbers not exceeding three on the list of those voted for as President, the House of Representatives shall choose immediately, by ballot, the President…”
Hypothetical Election • No candidate received a MAJORITY of electoral votes. Election goes into the House. • House elects John Quincy Adams. • 3 days later, Adams appoints Clay to the position of ______________. Jackson supporters allege a “Corrupt Bargain!!!!!”
Investigative File History Cold Case #1824 • Case: Corrupt Bargain. • Suspects: John Quincy Adams & Henry Clay. • Question: Did they engage in a “corrupt bargain?”
Investigation • Examine the historical evidence. • Complete the investigative report.
Chronology of the Case • November 3, 1824: “general” presidential election takes place. • January 8, 1825: John Quincy Adams and Henry Clay have dinner together. • February 9, 1825: House of Representatives elects John Quincy Adams president of the United States. • February 12, 1825: John Quincy Adams appoints Henry Clay to be his Secretary of State.
Extension Activity Create Campaign Poster for the Election of 1828 John Quincy Adams v Andrew Jackson
Media Strategies • Define your candidate. • Define your opponent. • Define the stakes in the election.
Campaign Information/Resource Source: Presidential Campaigns by Paul Boller.
Standards Based Questions • What is the purpose of the poster? • What is the creator’s point of view? • From whose perspective is it crafted? • Is it credible? • What are some facts…interpretations found in the poster?
Next Lesson: Organize • Count Off: 1-3 then repeat. • Group A: 1s • Group B: 2s • Group C: 3s
More Organization • Group Count Off • Each person take a number from 1-8.
How Democratic was Andrew Jackson? The DBQ Project
Tasks • Person 1: p. 56. • Person 2: p. 57. • Person 3: p. 58. • Person 4: p. 59. • Person 5: p. 60. • Person 6: p. 61. • Person 7: p. 62. • Person 8: p. 63. • Analyze documents/evidence. • Which interpretation does each support? Andrew Jackson was… • Very undemocratic. • Undemocratic. • Democratic. • Very Democratic.
Jigsaw • Develop Expertise: All same numbers (e.g. all #3s) meet and discuss the documents and the thesis it supports. • Share: return to mixed number group, describe document, and expert group conclusion.
Doc A: Doc B: Doc C: Doc D: Doc E: Doc F: Doc G: Doc H: Doc I: Doc J: Doc K: Doc L: Doc M: Doc N: Doc O: Doc P: Document Descriptors
Understanding Presentism “…a mode of literary or historical analysis in which present-day ideas and perspectives are anachronistically introduced into depictions or interpretations of the past. Some modern historians seek to avoid presentism in their work because they believe it creates a distorted understanding of their subject matter.”
One Question, Two Meanings(and possibly 2 interpretations) • 1831: How democratic was Andrew Jackson? • “democratic” involved considerations of white males. • 2012: How democratic was Andrew Jackson? • “democratic” involves considerations of all (or MANY more) people.
Interpreting Jackson 1831 Question Group v 2012 Question Group Where does Jackson fall? • Very undemocratic • Undemocratic • Democratic • Very Democratic
Misconceptions • What did the students “know” about Andrew Jackson or the “age” that he led or symbolized?
Lesson Study • Attendance Confirmation • Select & plan a lesson with your group.