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Semantic Knowledge Management Finding Information Through Meaning Not Words . Alistair Duke alistair.duke@bt.com Next Generation Web Research. The Semantic Web Is Dead. Mor Naaman Yahoo! Research Berkeley Panellist at WWW2007, Banff.

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semantic knowledge management finding information through meaning not words

Semantic Knowledge ManagementFinding Information Through Meaning Not Words

Alistair Duke

alistair.duke@bt.com

Next Generation Web Research

the semantic web is dead
The Semantic Web Is Dead

Mor Naaman

Yahoo! Research Berkeley

Panellist at WWW2007, Banff

“the grand vision of 'A Semantic Web' will not be achieved, mostly because users cannot be expected to annotate media with complex labels … but can only be expected to use simple tags”

the need for semantics
The need for semantics
  • Knowledge workers overwhelmed by info
    • from intranets, emails, newslines …
    • but still lack vital information
  • 80% of corporate data is unstructured
    • including key business decisions
    • subject to regulation, e.g. SOX
  • Companies suffer from
    • decisions made under incomplete knowledge
    • threat of compliance failure
we need information
We need information …
  • Identified by semantics, not just keywords
    • precise and complete
  • Selected by their interests & task context
    • defined semantically
  • From heterogeneous sources,
    • accessed uniformly
  • Presented meaningfully
    • and appropriately for the user
semantic information management in three words
Semantic Information Management: In three words

Semantic information management classifies, finds, distributes, shares and uses information based on meaning not on the particular words used to represent meaning.

in three words
In three words

Semantic information management classifies, finds, distributes, shares and uses information based on meaningnot on the particular words used to represent meaning.

the sekt project
The SEKT Project
  • Addressing the semantic knowledge technology research agenda
  • European 6th framework IP project
    • end date 31/12/2006
    • 36 months duration, €12.5m budget
    • www.sekt-project.com
the insekts
The inSEKTs

Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam

Siemens

Empolis

University of Sheffield

Universität Karlsruhe

BT

Ontoprise

Kea-pro

Universität Innsbruck

iSOCO

Sirma AI

Universitat Autònoma

de Barcelona

Jozef Stefan Institute

major research challenges
Major research challenges
  • Improve automation of ontology and metadata generation
  • Research and develop techniques for ontology management and evolution
  • Develop highly-scalable solutions
  • Research sound inferencing despite inconsistent models
  • Develop semantic knowledge access tools
  • Develop methodology for deployment
extracting the semantics
Extracting the semantics
  • Information extraction
    • using human language technology
  • Knowledge discovery
    • machine learning and statistical methods
  • Existing metadata, e.g. database schemas
    • mapping and merging
precision in semantic web search
Precision in Semantic Web Search
  • Semantic Search could match
    • a query: Documents concerning a telecom company inEurope with John Smith as a director
    • With a document containing: “At its meeting on the 10th of May, the board of Vodafone appointed John Smith as CTO"
  • Traditional search engines cannot do the required reasoning:
    • Vodafone is a mobile operator, which is a kind of telecom company;
    • Vodafone is in the UK, which is a part of Europe;
    • CTO is a type of director
proton the sekt ontology
PROTON – the SEKT Ontology
  • PROTON - a light-weight upper-level ontology;
  • 250 NE classes;
  • 100 relations and attributes;
  • covers mostly NE classes, general concepts and KM concepts
  • Mappings to DC, FOAF, RSS, DOLCE

http://proton.semanticweb.org/

proton world kb
PROTON World KB
  • PROTON is populated with a “world knowledge base”
    • Aims to cover the most popular entities in the world
    • Collected from various sources, like geographical and business intelligence gazetteers.
    • Organizations: business, international, political, government, sport, academic…
    • Specific people, (e.g. politicians)
    • Locations: countries, regions, cities, etc.
  • Automatic identification of these entities within documents indexed
  • 2m+ OWL statements
kaon2 reasoner mapping to relational model
KAON2 Reasoner: Mapping to relational model

KAON2 Reasoner: Rules Engine

hasCoAuthor

Author

hasWritten

Publication

KAON2

Rules

Mapping

Author

id

name

….

hasWritten

autherId

publicationId

….

Publication

id

title

….

search and browse in sekt
Search and Browse in SEKT

SEKTagent

“A Semantic Search Alerting Service”

Squirrel

“A Semantic Search and Browse Tool”

sektagent overview
SEKTagent Overview
  • PROTON-based Semantic queries
  • Periodic alerts of matching results
  • Highlights queried entities in results (also related entities)
  • Natural Language summaries of ontological knowledge
  • Device Independence
    • PC, Palm and Mobile
squirrel overview
Squirrel - Overview
  • Hybrid approach - combines free text and semantic search
  • Ontology based browsing
  • Meta-result to help guide search
  • Use of rules and reasoning through KAON2
  • Natural Language summaries of ontological knowledge
  • User profile based result ranking
slide21

Result consolidation:Delivering summaries to users instead of a list of links

  • Identifying the most relevant parts of documents returned as query responses
  • Results presented as consolidated summaries.
  • Reduces the need for users to navigate to and read multiple documents
  • Document segments and their relevance are determined via
    • analysis of the frequency of named entities in the text
    • proximity of the text to the user's query and interest profile.
  • Semantically Enhanced ‘Text-Tiling’
text tiling using named entities
Text-tiling using named entities
  • Hurricane Katrina is thought to have killed hundreds, probably thousands of people in New Orleans, the city's mayor, Ray Nagin, has said. Mr Nagin said there were significant numbers of corpses in the waters of the flood-stricken city, while many more people may be dead in their homes.
  • There would be a total evacuation of the city, he said, warning it could be months before residents could return.
  • President George W Bush said the area could take years to recover.
  • Cutting short a holiday in Texas to take charge of the federal recovery effort, Mr Bush said the government was dealing with one of the worst natural disasters in US history.
  • "This is going to be a difficult road, the challenges we face on the ground are unprecedented, but there's no doubt in my mind that we'll succeed," he said.
  • Mr Bush, whose Air Force One plane flew low over the affected area, was taken aback by the scale of the disaster.

Classification against topic ontology

Politics

US Local Government

US Federal Government

for more information
For more information

http://www.keapro.net/sekt