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Seerah of The Prophet. “The Miracle of Isra’ and Mi’raaj ” The Night Journey to Jerusalem and Ascension to Heaven. The Miracle of Isra’. Isra’: The Night Journey The exact date is unknown Majority opinions 10-13 years after Revelation.

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seerah of the prophet

Seerah of The Prophet

“The Miracle of Isra’ and Mi’raaj”

The Night Journey to Jerusalem and Ascension to Heaven

the miracle of isra
The Miracle of Isra’
  • Isra’: The Night Journey
  • The exact date is unknown
  • Majority opinions 10-13 years after Revelation.
  • No agreement on which month: Rajab, Ramadhan, Muharam, and Rabi’ Awwal all mentioned.
the miracle of isra3
The Miracle of Isra’
  • Glorified (and Exalted) be He (Allah) Who took His slave for a journey by night from Al-Masjid-al-Haram (at Makkah) to Al-Masjid-al-Aqsa (in Jerusalem), the neighborhood whereof We have blessed, in order that We might show him of Our signs. Verily, He is the All-Hearer, the All-Seer
the miracle of isra4
The Miracle of Isra’
  • المحدث: مسلمالراوي: أنس بن مالك: " أتيت بالبراق ( وهو دابة أبيض طويل فوق الحمار ودون البغل . يضع حافره عند منتهى طرفه ) قال ، فركبته حتى أتيت بيت المقدس . قال ، فربطته بالحلقة التي يربط به الأنبياء . قال ، ثم دخلت المسجد فصليت فيه ركعتين . ثم خرجت . فجاءني جبريل عليه السلام بإناء من خمر وإناء من لبن . فاخترت اللبن . فقال جبريل صلى الله عليه وسلم : اخترت الفطرة . ثم عرج بنا إلى السماء . ....
  • Muslim: narrated on the authority of Anas bin Malik that the Messenger of Allah said: I was brought al-Buraq Who is an animal white and long, larger than a donkey but smaller than a mule, who would place his hoof a distance equal to the range of vision. I mounted it and came to Bait Maqdis (in Jerusalem), then tethered it to the ring used by the prophets. I entered the mosque and prayed two rak'ahs in it, and then came out and Gabriel brought me a vessel of wine and a vessel of milk. I chose the milk, and Gabriel said: You have chosen the natural thing. Then he took me to heaven.
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The Miracle of Isra’
  • Ibn Al-Qayyem and others narrated that Prophet Muhammad lead the other Prophets and Messengers in Salah.
  • The importance of the Journey to Jerusalem and the Aqsa Mosque:
    • Confirming the line of Messengers from Adam to Muhammad (PBUH) all with the same Message of Tawheed
    • The importance of Jerusalem and the Blessed Land to Islam
    • The Glad tiding of the “Masjid” of Al-Aqsa
    • Passing the banner to the Final Messenger of Allah
    • The Islamic Shari’ah abrogates the previous ones.
the miracle of isra6
The Miracle of Isra’
  • المحدث: البخاريالراوي: مالك بن صعصعة الأنصاري
  • أن نبي الله صلى الله عليه وسلم حدثهم عن ليلة أسري به : ( بينما أنا في الحطيم ، وربما قال في الحجر ، مضطجعا ، إذ أتاني آت فقد - قال : وسمعته يقول : فشق - ما بين هذه إلى هذه - فقلت للجارود وهو إلى جنبي : ما يعني به ؟ قال : من ثغرة نحره إلى شعرته ، وسمعته يقول : من قصه إلى شعرته - فاستخرج قلبي ، ثم أتيت بطست من ذهب مملوءة إيمانا ، فغسل قلبي ، ثم حشي ثم أعيد ، ثم أتيت بدابة دون البغل وفوق الحمار أبيض - فقال له الجارود : هو البراق يا أبا حمزة ؟ قال أنس : نعم - يضع خطوه عند أقصى طرفه ، فحملت عليه ، ، فانطلق بي جبريل حتى أتى السماء الدنيا
the miracle of isra7
The Miracle of Isra’
  • Al-Bukhari: Malik bin Sasaa said that Allah's Apostle described to them his Night Journey saying, "While I was lying in Al-Hatim or Al-Hijr, suddenly someone came to me and cut my body open from here to here." I asked Al-Jarud who was by my side, "What does he mean?" He said, "It means from his throat to his pubic area," or said, "From the top of the chest." The Prophet further said, "He then took out my heart. Then a gold tray of Belief was brought to me and my heart was washed and was filled (with Belief) and then returned to its original place. Then a white animal which was smaller than a mule and bigger than a donkey was brought to me." (On this Al-Jarud asked, "Was it the Buraq, O Abu Hamza?" I (i.e. Anas) replied in the affirmative). The Prophet said, "The animal's step (was so wide that it) reached the farthest point within the reach of the animal's sight. I was carried on it, and Gabriel set out with me till we reached the nearest heaven.
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The Miracle of Isra’
  • فانطلق بي جبريل حتى أتى السماء الدنيا فاستفتح ، فقيل : من هذا ؟ قال : جبريل ، قيل : ومن معك ؟ قال : محمد ، قيل : وقد أرسل إليه ؟ قال : نعم ، قيل : مرحبا به فنعم المجيء جاء ففتح ، فلما خلصت فإذا فيها آدم ، فقال : هذا أبوك آدم فسلم عليه ، فسلمت عليه ، فرد السلام ، ثم قال : مرحبا بالابن الصالح والنبي الصالح ،
  • البخاري : حديث أبي ذر (فلما فتح علونا السماء الدنيا ، فإذا رجل قاعد ، على يمينه أسودة ، وعلى يساره أسودة ، إذا نظر قبل يمينه ضحك ، وإذا نظر قبل يساره بكى ، فقال : مرحبا بالنبي الصالح والابن الصالح ، قلت لجبريل : من هذا ؟ قال : هذا آدم ، وهذه الأسودة عن يمينه وعن شماله نسم بنيه ، فأهل اليمين منهم أهل الجنة ، والأسودة التي عن شماله أهل النار ، فإذا نظر عن يمينه ضحك ، وإذا نظر قبل شماله بكى )
the miracle of isra9
The Miracle of Isra’
  • Al-Bukhari:
  • I was carried on it, and Gabriel set out with me till we reached the nearest heaven. When he asked for the gate to be opened, it was asked, 'Who is it?' Gabriel answered, 'Gabriel.' It was asked, 'Who is accompanying you?' Gabriel replied, 'Muhammad.' It was asked, 'Has Muhammad been called?' Gabriel replied in the affirmative. Then it was said, 'He is welcomed. What an excellent visit his is!' The gate was opened, and when I went over the first heaven, I saw Adam there. Gabriel said (to me). 'This is your father, Adam; pay him your greetings.' So I greeted him and he returned the greeting to me and said, 'You are welcomed, O pious son and pious Prophet.
  • Al-Bukhari: Abu Thar: Adam had two groups on his right and on his left. He looks rightward and smiles then looks leftward and tears…. Jibril said: These are the souls of the children of Adam, on his right are the people of Paradise and on his left are the people of Hellfire.
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The Miracle of Isra’
  • ثم صعد حتى إذا أتى السماء الثانية فاستفتح ، قيل : من هذا ؟ قال : جبريل ، قيل : ومن معك ؟ قال : محمد ، قيل : وقد أرسل إليه ؟ قال : نعم ، قيل : مرحبا به فنعم المجيء جاء ففتح ، فلما خلصت إذا يحيى وعيسى ، وهما ابنا الخالة ، قال : هذا يحيى وعيسى فسلم عليهما ، فسلمت فردا ، ثم قالا : مرحبا بالأخ الصالح والنبي الصالح ، ثم صعد بي إلى السماء الثالثة فاستفتح ، قيل : من هذا ؟ قال : جبريل ، قيل : ومن معك ؟ قال : محمد ، قيل : وقد أرسل إليه ؟ قال : نعم ، قيل : مرحبا به فنعم المجيء جاء ففتح ، فلما خلصت إذا يوسف ، قال : هذا يوسف فسلم عليه ، فسلمت عليه ، فرد ثم قال : مرحبا بالأخ الصالح والنبي الصالح ، ثم صعد بي حتى أتى السماء الرابعة فاستفتح ، قيل : من هذا ؟ قال : جبريل ، قيل : ومن معك ؟ قال : محمد ، قيل : أو قد أرسل إليه ؟ قال : نعم ، قيل : مرحبا به ، فنعم المجيء جاء ففتح ، فلما خلصت إلى إدريس ، قال : هذا إدريس فسلم عليه فسلمت عليه ، فرد ثم قال : مرحبا بالأخ الصالح والنبي الصالح ، ثم صعد بي ، حتى إذا أتى السماء الخامسة فاستفتح ، قيل : من هذا ؟ قال : جبريل ، قيل : ومن معك ؟ قال : محمد صلى الله عليه وسلم ، قيل : وقد أرسل إليه ، قال : نعم ، قيل : مرحبا به ، فنعم المجيء جاء ، فلما خلصت فإذا هارون ، قال : هذا هارون فسلم عليه ، فسلمت عليه ، فرد ثم قال : مرحبا بالأخ الصالح ، والنبي الصالح
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The Miracle of Isra’
  • Al-Bukhari:
  • When I went over the second heaven, there I saw Yahya (i.e. John) and 'Isa (i.e. Jesus) who were cousins of each other. Gabriel said (to me), 'These are John and Jesus; pay them your greetings.' So I greeted them and both of them returned my greetings to me and said, 'You are welcomed, O pious brother and pious Prophet.'
  • Then Gabriel ascended with me to the third heaven and asked for its gate to be opened. It was asked, 'Who is it?' Gabriel replied, 'Gabriel.' It was asked, 'Who is accompanying you?' Gabriel replied, 'Muhammad.' It was asked, 'Has he been called?' Gabriel replied in the affirmative. Then it was said, 'He is welcomed, what an excellent visit his is!' The gate was opened, and when I went over the third heaven there I saw Joseph. Gabriel said (to me), 'This is Joseph; pay him your greetings.' So I greeted him and he returned the greeting to me and said, 'You are welcomed, O pious brother and pious Prophet.'
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The Miracle of Isra’
  • Al-Bukhari:
  • Then Gabriel ascended with me to the fourth heaven and asked for its gate to be opened. It was asked, 'Who is it?' Gabriel replied, 'Gabriel' It was asked, 'Who is accompanying you?' Gabriel replied, 'Muhammad.' It was asked, 'Has he been called?' Gabriel replied in the affirmative. Then it was said, 'He is welcomed, what an excel lent visit his is!' The gate was opened, and when I went over the fourth heaven, there I saw Idris. Gabriel said (to me), 'This is Idris; pay him your greetings.' So I greeted him and he returned the greeting to me and said, 'You are welcomed, O pious brother and pious Prophet.' Then
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The Miracle of Isra’
  • Al-Bukhari:
  • Gabriel ascended with me to the fifth heaven and asked for its gate to be opened. It was asked, 'Who is it?' Gabriel replied, 'Gabriel.' It was asked. 'Who is accompanying you?' Gabriel replied, 'Muhammad.' It was asked, 'Has he been called?' Gabriel replied in the affirmative. Then it was said He is welcomed, what an excellent visit his is! So when I went over the fifth heaven, there I saw Harun (i.e. Aaron), Gabriel said, (to me). This is Aaron; pay him your greetings.' I greeted him and he returned the greeting to me and said, 'You are welcomed, O pious brother and pious Prophet.'
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The Miracle of Isra’
  • ثم صعد بي حتى إذا أتى السماء السادسة فاستفتح ، قيل : من هذا ؟ قال : جبريل ، قيل : من معك ؟ قال : محمد ، قيل : وقد أرسل إليه ؟ قال : نعم ، قال : مرحبا به ، فنعم المجيء جاء ، فلما خلصت فإذا موسى ، قال : هذا موسى فسلم عليه فسلمت عليه ، فرد ثم قال : مرحبا بالأخ الصالح ، والنبي الصالح ، فلما تجاوزت بكى ، قيل له : ما يبكيك ؟ قال : أبكي لأن غلاما بعث بعدي يدخل الجنة من أمته أكثر ممن يدخلها من أمتي
  • ثم صعد بي إلى السماء السابعة فاستفتح جبريل ، قيل : من هذا ؟ قال : جبريل ، قيل : ومن معك ؟ قال : محمد ، قيل : وقد بعث إليه ، قال : نعم ، قال : مرحبا به فنعم المجيء جاء ، فلما خلصت فإذا إبراهيم ، قال : هذا أبوك فسلم عليه ، قال : فسلمت عليه فرد السلام ، قال : مرحبا بالابن الصالح والنبي الصالح
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The Miracle of Isra’
  • Al-Bukhari:
  • When I went (over the sixth heaven), there I saw Moses. Gabriel said (to me),' This is Moses; pay him your greeting. So I greeted him and he returned the greetings to me and said, 'You are welcomed, O pious brother and pious Prophet.' When I left him (i.e. Moses) he wept. Someone asked him, 'What makes you weep?' Moses said, 'I weep because after me there has been sent (as Prophet) a young man whose followers will enter Paradise in greater numbers than my followers.'
  • So when I went (over the seventh heaven), there I saw Abraham. Gabriel said (to me), 'This is your father; pay your greetings to him.' So I greeted him and he returned the greetings to me and said, 'You are welcomed, O pious son and pious Prophet.'
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The Miracle of Isra’
  • ثم رفعت لي سدرة المنتهى فإذا نبقها مثل قلال هجر ، وإذا ورقها مثل آذان الفيلة ، قال : هذه سدرة المنتهى ، (مسلم: عن أنس: ثم ذهب بي إلى السدرة المنتهى . وإن ورقها كآذان الفيلة . وإذا ثمرها كالقلال . قال ، فلما غشيها من أمر الله ما غشي تغيرت . فما أحد من خلق الله يستطيع أن ينعتها من حسنها . فأوحى الله إلي ما أوحى . )
  • وإذا أربعة أنهار : نهران باطنان ونهران ظاهران ، فقلت : ما هذان يا جبريل ؟ قال : أما الباطنان فنهران في الجنة ، وأما الظاهران فالنيل والفرات ، ثم رفع لي البيت المعمور ، يدخله كل يوم سبعون ألف ملك (مسلم: عن أنس: لا يعودون إليه) . ثم أتيت بإناء من خمر وإناء من لبن وإناء من عسل ، فأخذت اللبن فقال : هي الفطرة أنت عليها وأمتك
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The Miracle of Isra’
  • Al-Bukhari:
  • Then I was made to ascend to Sidrat-ul-Muntaha (i.e. the Tree of the utmost boundary) Behold! Its fruits were like the jars of Hajr (i.e. a place near Medina) and its leaves were as big as the ears of elephants. Gabriel said, 'This is the Tree of the utmost boundary . (in Muslim: from Hadith of Anas: And when it was covered by the Command of Allah, it underwent such a change that none amongst the creation has the power to praise its beauty.)
  • Behold ! There ran four rivers, two were hidden and two were visible, I asked, 'What are these two kinds of rivers, O Gabriel?' He replied,' As for the hidden rivers, they are two rivers in Paradise and the visible rivers are the Nile and the Euphrates.'
  • Then Al-Bait-ul-Ma'mur (i.e. the Sacred House) was shown to me and a container full of wine and another full of milk and a third full of honey were brought to me. I took the milk. Gabriel remarked, 'This is the Islamic religion which you and your followers are following.
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The Miracle of Isra’
  • ثم فرضت علي الصلوات خمسين صلاة كل يوم ، فرجعت فمررت على موسى ، فقال : بم أمرت ؟ قال : أمرت بخمسين صلاة كل يوم ، قال : أمتك لا تستطيع خمسين صلاة كل يوم ، وإني والله قد جربت الناس قبلك ، وعالجت بني إسرائيل أشد المعالجة ، فارجع إلى ربك فاسأله التخفيف لأمتك ، فرجعت فوضع عني عشرا ، فرجعت إلى موسى فقال مثله ، فرجعت فوضع عني عشرا ، فرجعت إلى موسى فقال مثله ، فرجعت فوضع عني عشرا ، فرجعت إلى موسى فقال مثله ، فرجعت فأمرت بعشر صلوات كل يوم ، فرجعت فقال مثله ، فرجعت فأمرت بخمس صلوات كل يوم ، فرجعت إلى موسى ، فقال : بما أمرت ؟ قلت : أمرت بخمس صلوات كل يوم ، قال : إن أمتك لا تستطيع خمس صلوات كل يوم ، وإني قد جربت الناس قبلك وعالجت بني إسرائيل أشد المعالجة ، فارجع إلى ربك فاسأله التخفيف لأمتك ، قال : سألت ربي حتى استحييت ، ولكن أرضى وأسلم ، قال : فلما جاوزت نادى مناد : أمضيت فريضتي ، وخففت عن عبادي ) .
  • الراوي: مالك بن صعصعة الأنصاري المحدث: البخاري
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The Miracle of Isra’
  • Al-Bukhari:
  • Then the prayers were enjoined on me: They were fifty prayers a day. When I returned, I passed by Moses who asked (me), 'What have you been ordered to do?' I replied, 'I have been ordered to offer fifty prayers a day.' Moses said, 'Your followers cannot bear fifty prayers a day, and by Allah, I have tested people before you, and I have tried my level best with Bani Israel (in vain). Go back to your Lord and ask for reduction to lessen your followers' burden.' So I went back, and Allah reduced ten prayers for me. Then again I came to Moses, but he repeated the same as he had said before. Then again I went back to Allah and He reduced ten more prayers. When I came back to Moses he said the same, I went back to Allah and He ordered me to observe ten prayers a day. When I came back to Moses, he repeated the same advice, so I went back to Allah and was ordered to observe five prayers a day.
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The Miracle of Isra’
  • Al-Bukhari:
  • When I came back to Moses, he said, 'What have you been ordered?' I replied, 'I have been ordered to observe five prayers a day.' He said, 'Your followers cannot bear five prayers a day, and no doubt, I have got an experience of the people before you, and I have tried my level best with Bani Israel, so go back to your Lord and ask for reduction to lessen your follower's burden.' I said, 'I have requested so much of my Lord that I feel ashamed, but I am satisfied now and surrender to Allah's Order.' When I left, I heard a voice saying, 'I have passed My Order and have lessened the burden of My Worshipers."
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The Miracle of Isra’

The (Prophet’s) heart lied not in what he (Muhammad) saw.

Will you then dispute with him about what he saw [during the Mi‘râj: (Ascent of the Prophet to the seven heavens)]

And indeed he (Muhammad) saw him [Jibril (Gabriel)] at a second descent (i.e. another time).

Near Sidrat-ul-Muntaha (the tree of the utmost boundary over the seventh heaven beyond which none can pass).

Near it is the Paradise of Abode.

When that covered the tree which did cover it!

The sight (of Prophet Muhammad) turned not aside (right or left), nor it transgressed beyond the limit (ordained for it).

Indeed he (Muhammad) did see of the Greatest Signs, of his Lord (Allah).

النجم

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The Miracle of Isra’
  • رأيت ليلة أسري بي موسى ، رجلا آدم ، طوالا جعدا ، كأنه من رجال شنوءة ، ورأيت عيسى رجلا مربوعا ، مربوع الخلق إلى الحمرة والبياض ، سبط الرأس ، ورأيت مالكا خازن النار ، والدجال ، في آيات أراهن الله إياه : { فلا تكن في مرية من لقائه } .
  • الراوي: عبدالله بن عباس المحدث: البخاري
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The Miracle of Isra’
  • Narrated Ibn Abbas:
  • The Prophet said, "On the night of my Ascent to the Heaven, I saw Moses who was a tall brown curly-haired man as if he was one of the men of Shan'awa tribe, and I saw Jesus, a man of medium height and moderate complexion inclined to the red and white colors and of lank hair. I also saw Malik, the gate-keeper of the (Hell) Fire and Ad-Dajjal amongst the signs which Allah showed me." (The Prophet then recited the Holy Verse): "So be not you in doubt of meeting him' when you met Moses during the night of Mi'raj over the heavens" (32.23)
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The Miracle of Isra’
  • عن عبد الله : { فكان قاب قوسين أو أدنى . فأوحى إلى عبده ما أوحى } . قال : حدثنا ابن مسعود : أنه رأى جبريل له ستمائة جناح .
  • الراوي: عبدالله بن مسعود المحدث: البخاري
  • Narrated Abdullah:
  • Regarding the Verses: 'And was at a distance of but two bow-lengths or (even) nearer; So did (Allah) convey the Inspiration to His slave (Gabriel) and then he Gabriel) conveyed (that to Muhammad...' (53.9-10) Ibn Mas'ud narrated to us that the Prophet had seen Gabriel with six hundred wings.
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The Miracle of Isra’
  • ثم أدخلت الجنة ، فإذا فيها جنابذ (أو حبايل) اللؤلؤ ، وإذا ترابها المسك . الراوي:أبو ذر المحدث: البخاري
  • Then I was admitted into Paradise where I found walls (made) of pearls and its earth was of musk."
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The Miracle of Isra’
  • أتيت ليلة أسري بي على قوم بطونهم كالبيوت فيها الحيات ترى من خارج بطونهم فقلت من هؤلاء يا جبريل قال هؤلاء أكلة الربا
  • الراوي: أبو هريرة المحدث: ابن كثير - المصدر: تفسير القرآن
  • نظرت - يعني : ليلة أسري به - ؛ فإذا أنا بقوم لهم مشافر كمشافر الإبل ، وقد وكل بهم من يأخذ بمشارفهم ، ثم يجعل في أفواههم صخرا من نار يخرج من أسافلهم . قلت : يا جبريل ! من هؤلاء ؟ قال : هؤلاء الذين يأكلون أموال اليتامى ظلما ؛ إنما يأكلون في بطونهم نارا .
  • الراوي: أبو سعيد الخدري المحدث: الألباني - المصدر: السلسلة الضعيفة
  • قال ثم رأيت رجالا بين أيديهم لحم ثمين طيب إلى جنبه لحم غث منتن يأكلون من الغث المنتن ويتركون السمين الطيب . قال قلت : من هؤلاء يا جبريل ؟ قال هؤلاء الذين يتركون ما أحل الله لهم من النساء ويذهبون إلى ما حرم الله عليهم منهن . (ابن هشام)
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The Miracle of Isra’
  • Other scenes from the Ascension Journey:
    • Paradise
    • Hellfire
    • Jibril (on his original form)
    • Malek: Custodian of Hellfire
    • Dajjal (False Messiah)
    • Punishment of fornicators
    • Punishment of those who eat out of Usury
    • Punishment of those who embezzle wealth of the orphans
  • (*Some from books of tafseer and weak hadiths)
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The Miracle of Isra’
  • The pagans faced the story with disbelief.
    • The Prophet described Bait Al-Maqdis that he never visited before
    • The Prophet told them about caravans he saw on his return journey.
    • The weak in faith turned away from Islam
  • The believers received the miracle with increase in faith.
    • Abu Bakr “AsSiddiq”
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The Miracle of Isra’
  • The Lessons of Isra’ and Mi’raj
    • Supporting the Prophet
    • Confirming the unity of the Message given to all Messengers of Allah
    • Special status of Salah in Islam
    • Islam the religion of natural inclination (Innate nature-Fitrah) The choice of milk over wine.
    • Do your part, and rely on Allah. (tied the Buraq)
    • Bringing miraculous proof to the disbelievers.
    • Establishing the truthful from those who are weak in faith
seerah of the prophet30

Seerah of The Prophet

The Slitting of The Moon

the slitting of the moon
The Slitting of The Moon
  • The Hour has drawn near, and the moon has been cleft asunder.
  • And if they see a sign, they turn away, and say: "This is continuous magic.“
  • They belied (this Qur'an), and followed their own lusts. And every matter will be settled.
  • And indeed there has come to them news (in this Qur'an) wherein there is (enough warning) to check (them from evil),
  • Perfect wisdom (this Qur'an), but (the preaching of) warners benefit them not.
  • So withdraw from them. The Day that the caller will call (them) to a terrible thing.
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The Slitting of The Moon
  • انشق القمر على عهد رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم فرقتين : فرقة فوق الجبل ، وفرقة دونه ، فقال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم : ( اشهدوا ) .
  • الراوي: عبدالله بن مسعود المحدث: البخاري
  • Al-Bukhari: Narrated Abdullah bin Masud:
  • During the lifetime of the Prophet the moon was split into two parts and on that the Prophet said, "Bear witness (to thus)."
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The Slitting of The Moon
  • And nothing stops Us from sending the signs but that the people of old denied them. And We sent the she-camel to Thamud as a clear sign, but they did her wrong. And We sent not the signs except to warn, and to make them afraid (of destruction).And (remember) when We told you: "Verily! Your Lord has encompassed mankind (i.e. they are in His Grip)." And We made not the vision which we showed you (on the night of Al-Isra’) but a trial for mankind, and (likewise) the accursed tree (Zaqqum, mentioned) in the Qur'an. We warn and make them afraid but it only increases them in naught save great disbelief, oppression and disobedience to Allah.

الإسراء

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The Miracle of Isra’
  • الراوي: مالك بن صعصعة الأنصاري المحدث: البخاري
  • أن نبي الله صلى الله عليه وسلم حدثهم عن ليلة أسري به : ( بينما أنا في الحطيم ، وربما قال في الحجر ، مضطجعا ، إذ أتاني آت فقد - قال : وسمعته يقول : فشق - ما بين هذه إلى هذه - فقلت للجارود وهو إلى جنبي : ما يعني به ؟ قال : من ثغرة نحره إلى شعرته ، وسمعته يقول : من قصه إلى شعرته - فاستخرج قلبي ، ثم أتيت بطست من ذهب مملوءة إيمانا ، فغسل قلبي ، ثم حشي ثم أعيد ، ثم أتيت بدابة دون البغل وفوق الحمار أبيض - فقال له الجارود : هو البراق يا أبا حمزة ؟ قال أنس : نعم - يضع خطوه عند أقصى طرفه ، فحملت عليه ، فانطلق بي جبريل حتى أتى السماء الدنيا فاستفتح ، فقيل : من هذا ؟ قال : جبريل ، قيل : ومن معك ؟ قال : محمد ، قيل : وقد أرسل إليه ؟ قال : نعم ، قيل : مرحبا به فنعم المجيء جاء ففتح ، فلما خلصت فإذا فيها آدم ، فقال : هذا أبوك آدم فسلم عليه ، فسلمت عليه ، فرد السلام ، ثم قال : مرحبا بالابن الصالح والنبي الصالح ، ثم صعد حتى إذا أتى السماء الثانية فاستفتح ، قيل : من هذا ؟ قال : جبريل ، قيل : ومن معك ؟ قال : محمد ، قيل : وقد أرسل إليه ؟ قال : نعم ، قيل : مرحبا به فنعم المجيء جاء ففتح ، فلما خلصت إذا يحيى وعيسى ، وهما ابنا الخالة ، قال : هذا يحيى وعيسى فسلم عليهما ، فسلمت فردا ، ثم قالا : مرحبا بالأخ الصالح والنبي الصالح ، ثم صعد بي إلى السماء الثالثة فاستفتح ، قيل : من هذا ؟ قال : جبريل ، قيل : ومن معك ؟ قال : محمد ، قيل : وقد أرسل إليه ؟ قال : نعم ، قيل : مرحبا به فنعم المجيء جاء ففتح ، فلما خلصت إذا يوسف ، قال : هذا يوسف فسلم عليه ، فسلمت عليه ، فرد ثم قال : مرحبا بالأخ الصالح والنبي الصالح ، ثم صعد بي حتى أتى السماء الرابعة فاستفتح ، قيل : من هذا ؟ قال : جبريل ، قيل : ومن معك ؟ قال : محمد ، قيل : أو قد أرسل إليه ؟ قال : نعم ، قيل : مرحبا به ، فنعم المجيء جاء ففتح ، فلما خلصت إلى إدريس ، قال : هذا إدريس فسلم عليه فسلمت عليه ، فرد ثم قال : مرحبا بالأخ الصالح والنبي الصالح ، ثم صعد بي ، حتى إذا أتى السماء الخامسة فاستفتح ، قيل : من هذا ؟ قال : جبريل ، قيل : ومن معك ؟ قال : محمد صلى الله عليه وسلم ، قيل : وقد أرسل إليه ، قال : نعم ، قيل : مرحبا به ، فنعم المجيء جاء ، فلما خلصت فإذا هارون ، قال : هذا هارون فسلم عليه ، فسلمت عليه ، فرد ثم قال : مرحبا بالأخ الصالح ، والنبي الصالح ، ثم صعد بي حتى إذا أتى السماء السادسة فاستفتح ، قيل : من هذا ؟ قال : جبريل ، قيل : من معك ؟ قال : محمد ، قيل : وقد أرسل إليه ؟ قال : نعم ، قال : مرحبا به ، فنعم المجيء جاء ، فلما خلصت فإذا موسى ، قال : هذا موسى فسلم عليه فسلمت عليه ، فرد ثم قال : مرحبا بالأخ الصالح ، والنبي الصالح ، فلما تجاوزت بكى ، قيل له : ما يبكيك ؟ قال : أبكي لأن غلاما بعث بعدي يدخل الجنة من أمته أكثر ممن يدخلها من أمتي ، ثم صعد بي إلى السماء السابعة فاستفتح جبريل ، قيل : من هذا ؟ قال : جبريل ، قيل : ومن معك ؟ قال : محمد ، قيل : وقد بعث إليه ، قال : نعم ، قال : مرحبا به فنعم المجيء جاء ، فلما خلصت فإذا إبراهيم ، قال : هذا أبوك فسلم عليه ، قال : فسلمت عليه فرد السلام ، قال : مرحبا بالابن الصالح والنبي الصالح ، ثم رفعت لي سدرة المنتهى فإذا نبقها مثل قلال هجر ، وإذا ورقها مثل آذان الفيلة ، قال : هذه سدرة المنتهى ، وإذا أربعة أنهار : نهران باطنان ونهران ظاهران ، فقلت : ما هذان يا جبريل ؟ قال : أما الباطنان فنهران في الجنة ، وأما الظاهران فالنيل والفرات ، ثم رفع لي البيت المعمور ، يدخله كل يوم سبعون ألف ملك . ثم أتيت بإناء من خمر وإناء من لبن وإناء من عسل ، فأخذت اللبن فقال : هي الفطرة أنت عليها وأمتك ، ثم فرضت علي الصلوات خمسين صلاة كل يوم ، فرجعت فمررت على موسى ، فقال : بم أمرت ؟ قال : أمرت بخمسين صلاة كل يوم ، قال : أمتك لا تستطيع خمسين صلاة كل يوم ، وإني والله قد جربت الناس قبلك ، وعالجت بني إسرائيل أشد المعالجة ، فارجع إلى ربك فاسأله التخفيف لأمتك ، فرجعت فوضع عني عشرا ، فرجعت إلى موسى فقال مثله ، فرجعت فوضع عني عشرا ، فرجعت إلى موسى فقال مثله ، فرجعت فوضع عني عشرا ، فرجعت إلى موسى فقال مثله ، فرجعت فأمرت بعشر صلوات كل يوم ، فرجعت فقال مثله ، فرجعت فأمرت بخمس صلوات كل يوم ، فرجعت إلى موسى ، فقال : بما أمرت ؟ قلت : أمرت بخمس صلوات كل يوم ، قال : إن أمتك لا تستطيع خمس صلوات كل يوم ، وإني قد جربت الناس قبلك وعالجت بني إسرائيل أشد المعالجة ، فارجع إلى ربك فاسأله التخفيف لأمتك ، قال : سألت ربي حتى استحييت ، ولكن أرضى وأسلم ، قال : فلما جاوزت نادى مناد : أمضيت فريضتي ، وخففت عن عبادي ) .
  • الراوي: مالك بن صعصعة الأنصاري المحدث: البخاري
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The Miracle of Isra’
  • Malik bin Sasaa said that Allah's Apostle described to them his Night Journey saying, "While I was lying in Al-Hatim or Al-Hijr, suddenly someone came to me and cut my body open from here to here." I asked Al-Jarud who was by my side, "What does he mean?" He said, "It means from his throat to his pubic area," or said, "From the top of the chest." The Prophet further said, "He then took out my heart. Then a gold tray of Belief was brought to me and my heart was washed and was filled (with Belief) and then returned to its original place. Then a white animal which was smaller than a mule and bigger than a donkey was brought to me." (On this Al-Jarud asked, "Was it the Buraq, O Abu Hamza?" I (i.e. Anas) replied in the affirmative). The Prophet said, "The animal's step (was so wide that it) reached the farthest point within the reach of the animal's sight. I was carried on it, and Gabriel set out with me till we reached the nearest heaven.
  • When he asked for the gate to be opened, it was asked, 'Who is it?' Gabriel answered, 'Gabriel.' It was asked, 'Who is accompanying you?' Gabriel replied, 'Muhammad.' It was asked, 'Has Muhammad been called?' Gabriel replied in the affirmative. Then it was said, 'He is welcomed. What an excellent visit his is!' The gate was opened, and when I went over the first heaven, I saw Adam there. Gabriel said (to me). 'This is your father, Adam; pay him your greetings.' So I greeted him and he returned the greeting to me and said, 'You are welcomed, O pious son and pious Prophet.' Then Gabriel ascended with me till we reached the second heaven. Gabriel asked for the gate to be opened. It was asked, 'Who is it?' Gabriel answered, 'Gabriel.' It was asked, 'Who is accompanying you?' Gabriel replied, 'Muhammad.' It was asked, 'Has he been called?' Gabriel answered in the affirmative. Then it was said, 'He is welcomed. What an excellent visit his is!' The gate was opened.
  • When I went over the second heaven, there I saw Yahya (i.e. John) and 'Isa (i.e. Jesus) who were cousins of each other. Gabriel said (to me), 'These are John and Jesus; pay them your greetings.' So I greeted them and both of them returned my greetings to me and said, 'You are welcomed, O pious brother and pious Prophet.' Then Gabriel ascended with me to the third heaven and asked for its gate to be opened. It was asked, 'Who is it?' Gabriel replied, 'Gabriel.' It was asked, 'Who is accompanying you?' Gabriel replied, 'Muhammad.' It was asked, 'Has he been called?' Gabriel replied in the affirmative. Then it was said, 'He is welcomed, what an excellent visit his is!' The gate was opened, and when I went over the third heaven there I saw Joseph. Gabriel said (to me), 'This is Joseph; pay him your greetings.' So I greeted him and he returned the greeting to me and said, 'You are welcomed, O pious brother and pious Prophet.' Then Gabriel ascended with me to the fourth heaven and asked for its gate to be opened. It was asked, 'Who is it?' Gabriel replied, 'Gabriel' It was asked, 'Who is accompanying you?' Gabriel replied, 'Muhammad.' It was asked, 'Has he been called?' Gabriel replied in the affirmative. Then it was said, 'He is welcomed, what an excel lent visit his is!'
  • The gate was opened, and when I went over the fourth heaven, there I saw Idris. Gabriel said (to me), 'This is Idris; pay him your greetings.' So I greeted him and he returned the greeting to me and said, 'You are welcomed, O pious brother and pious Prophet.' Then Gabriel ascended with me to the fifth heaven and asked for its gate to be opened. It was asked, 'Who is it?' Gabriel replied, 'Gabriel.' It was asked. 'Who is accompanying you?' Gabriel replied, 'Muhammad.' It was asked, 'Has he been called?' Gabriel replied in the affirmative. Then it was said He is welcomed, what an excellent visit his is! So when I went over the fifth heaven, there I saw Harun (i.e. Aaron), Gabriel said, (to me). This is Aaron; pay him your greetings.' I greeted him and he returned the greeting to me and said, 'You are welcomed, O pious brother and pious Prophet.' Then Gabriel ascended with me to the sixth heaven and asked for its gate to be opened. It was asked. 'Who is it?' Gabriel replied, 'Gabriel.' It was asked, 'Who is accompanying you?' Gabriel replied, 'Muhammad.' It was asked, 'Has he been called?' Gabriel replied in the affirmative. It was said, 'He is welcomed. What an excellent visit his is!'
  • When I went (over the sixth heaven), there I saw Moses. Gabriel said (to me),' This is Moses; pay him your greeting. So I greeted him and he returned the greetings to me and said, 'You are welcomed, O pious brother and pious Prophet.' When I left him (i.e. Moses) he wept. Someone asked him, 'What makes you weep?' Moses said, 'I weep because after me there has been sent (as Prophet) a young man whose followers will enter Paradise in greater numbers than my followers.' Then Gabriel ascended with me to the seventh heaven and asked for its gate to be opened. It was asked, 'Who is it?' Gabriel replied, 'Gabriel.' It was asked,' Who is accompanying you?' Gabriel replied, 'Muhammad.' It was asked, 'Has he been called?' Gabriel replied in the affirmative. Then it was said, 'He is welcomed. What an excellent visit his is!'
  • So when I went (over the seventh heaven), there I saw Abraham. Gabriel said (to me), 'This is your father; pay your greetings to him.' So I greeted him and he returned the greetings to me and said, 'You are welcomed, O pious son and pious Prophet.' Then I was made to ascend to Sidrat-ul-Muntaha (i.e. the Lote Tree of the utmost boundary) Behold! Its fruits were like the jars of Hajr (i.e. a place near Medina) and its leaves were as big as the ears of elephants. Gabriel said, 'This is the Lote Tree of the utmost boundary) . Behold ! There ran four rivers, two were hidden and two were visible, I asked, 'What are these two kinds of rivers, O Gabriel?' He replied,' As for the hidden rivers, they are two rivers in Paradise and the visible rivers are the Nile and the Euphrates.'
  • Then Al-Bait-ul-Ma'mur (i.e. the Sacred House) was shown to me and a container full of wine and another full of milk and a third full of honey were brought to me. I took the milk. Gabriel remarked, 'This is the Islamic religion which you and your followers are following.' Then the prayers were enjoined on me: They were fifty prayers a day. When I returned, I passed by Moses who asked (me), 'What have you been ordered to do?' I replied, 'I have been ordered to offer fifty prayers a day.' Moses said, 'Your followers cannot bear fifty prayers a day, and by Allah, I have tested people before you, and I have tried my level best with Bani Israel (in vain). Go back to your Lord and ask for reduction to lessen your followers' burden.' So I went back, and Allah reduced ten prayers for me. Then again I came to Moses, but he repeated the same as he had said before. Then again I went back to Allah and He reduced ten more prayers. When I came back to Moses he said the same, I went back to Allah and He ordered me to observe ten prayers a day. When I came back to Moses, he repeated the same advice, so I went back to Allah and was ordered to observe five prayers a day.
  • When I came back to Moses, he said, 'What have you been ordered?' I replied, 'I have been ordered to observe five prayers a day.' He said, 'Your followers cannot bear five prayers a day, and no doubt, I have got an experience of the people before you, and I have tried my level best with Bani Israel, so go back to your Lord and ask for reduction to lessen your follower's burden.' I said, 'I have requested so much of my Lord that I feel ashamed, but I am satisfied now and surrender to Allah's Order.' When I left, I heard a voice saying, 'I have passed My Order and have lessened the burden of My Worshipers."
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The Miracle of Isra’
  • " أتيت بالبراق ( وهو دابة أبيض طويل فوق الحمار ودون البغل . يضع حافره عند منتهى طرفه ) قال ، فركبته حتى أتيت بيت المقدس . قال ، فربطته بالحلقة التي يربط به الأنبياء . قال ، ثم دخلت المسجد فصليت فيه ركعتين . ثم خرجت . فجاءني جبريل عليه السلام بإناء من خمر وإناء من لبن . فاخترت اللبن . فقال جبريل صلى الله عليه وسلم : اخترت الفطرة . ثم عرج بنا إلى السماء . فاستفتح جبريل فقيل : من أنت ؟ قال : جبريل . قيل : ومن معك ؟ قال : محمد . قيل : وقد بعث إليه ؟ قال : قد بعث إليه . ففتح لنا . فإذا أنا بآدم . فرحب بي ودعا لي بخير . ثم عرج بنا إلى السماء الثانية . فاستفتح جبريل عليه السلام . فقيل : من أنت ؟ قال : جبريل . قيل : ومن معك ؟ قال . محمد . قيل : وقد بعث إليه ؟ قال : قد بعث إليه ؟ ففتح لنا . فإذا أنا بابني الخالة عيسى بن مريم ويحيى بن زكريا صلوات الله عليهما . فرحبا ودعوا لي بخير . ثم عرج بي إلى السماء الثالثة . فاستفتح جبريل . فقيل : من أنت . قال : جبريل . قيل . ومن معك ؟ قال : محمد صلى الله عليه وسلم . قيل : وقد بعث إليه ؟ قال : قد بعث إليه . ففتح لنا . فإذا أنا بيوسف صلى الله عليه وسلم . إذا هو قد أعطي شطر الحسن . فرحب ودعا لي بخير . ثم عرج بنا إلى السماء الرابعة . فاستفتح جبريل عليه السلام . قيل : من هذا ؟ قال : جبريل . قيل : ومن معك ؟ قال : محمد . قال : وقد بعث إليه ؟ قال : قد بعث إليه . ففتح لنا فإذا أنا بإدريس . فرحب ودعا لي بخير . قال الله عز وجل : { ورفعناه مكانا عليا } [ 19 / مريم / آية 57 ] ثم عرج بنا إلى السماء الخامسة . فاستفتح جبريل . قيل من هذا ؟ قال : جبريل . قيل : ومن معك ؟ قال : محمد . قيل : وقد بعث إليه ؟ قال : وقد بعث إليه . ففتح لنا . فإذا أنا بهارون صلى الله عليه وسلم . فرحب ودعا لي بخير . ثم عرج إلى السماء السادسة . فاستفتح جبريل عليه السلام . قيل : من هذا ؟ قال : جبريل . قيل : ومن معك ؟ قال : محمد . قيل : وقد بعث إليه ؟ قال : قد بعث إليه . ففتح لنا فإذا أنا بموسى صلى الله عليه وسلم . فرحب ودعا لي بخير . ثم عرج إلى السماء السابعة . فاستفتح جبريل . فقيل : من هذا ؟ قال : جبريل . قيل : ومن معك ؟ قال : محمد . قيل . وقد بعث إليه ؟ قال : قد بعث إليه . ففتح لنا . فإذا أنا بإبراهيم صلى الله عليه وسلم ، مسندا ظهره إلى البيت المعمور . وإذا هو يدخله كل يوم سبعون ألف ملك لا يعودون إليه . ثم ذهب بي إلى السدرة المنتهى . وإن ورقها كآذان الفيلة . وإذا ثمرها كالقلال . قال ، فلما غشيها من أمر الله ما غشي تغيرت . فما أحد من خلق الله يستطيع أن ينعتها من حسنها . فأوحى الله إلي ما أوحى . ففرض علي خمسين صلاة في كل يوم وليلة . فنزلت إلى موسى صلى الله عليه وسلم . فقال : ما فرض ربك على أمتك ؟ قلت خمسين صلاة . قال : ارجع إلى ربك . فاسأله التخفيف . فإن أمتك لا يطيقون ذلك . فإني قد بلوت بني إسرائيل وخبرتهم . قال ، فرجعت إلى ربي فقلت : يا رب ! خفف على أمتي . فحط عني خمسا . فرجعت إلى موسى فقلت : حط عني خمسا . قال : إن أمتك لا يطيقون ذلك فارجع إلى ربك فاسأله التخفيف . قال ، فلم أزل أرجع بين ربي تبارك وتعالى وبين موسى عليه السلام حتى قال : يا محمد ! إنهن خمس صلوات كل يوم وليلة . لكل صلاة عشر . فذلك خمسون صلاة . ومن هم بحسنة فلم يعملها كتبت له حسنة . فإن عملها كتبت له عشرا ومن هم بسيئة فلم يعملها لم تكتب شيئا . فإن عملها كتبت سيئة واحدة . قال : فنزلت حتى انتهيت إلى موسى صلى الله عليه وسلم فأخبرته . فقال : ارجع إلى ربك فاسأله التخفيف . فقال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم فقلت : قد رجعت إلى ربي حتى استحييت منه " .
  • الراوي: أنس بن مالك المحدث: مسلم
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The Miracle of Isra’
  • It is narrated on the authority of Anas b. Malik that the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) said: I was brought al-Buraq Who is an animal white and long, larger than a donkey but smaller than a mule, who would place his hoof a distance equal to the range of version. I mounted it and came to the Temple (Bait Maqdis in Jerusalem), then tethered it to the ring used by the prophets. I entered the mosque and prayed two rak'ahs in it, and then came out and Gabriel brought me a vessel of wine and a vessel of milk. I chose the milk, and Gabriel said: You have chosen the natural thing. Then he took me to heaven. Gabriel then asked the (gate of heaven) to be opened and he was asked who he was. He replied: Gabriel. He was again asked: Who is with you? He (Gabriel) said: Muhammad. It was said: Has he been sent for? Gabriel replied: He has indeed been sent for. And (the door of the heaven) was opened for us and lo! we saw Adam. He welcomed me and prayed for my good. Then we ascended to the second heaven. Gabriel (peace be upon him) (asked the door of heaven to be opened), and he was asked who he was. He answered: Gabriel; and was again asked: Who is with you? He replied: Muhammad. It was said: Has he been sent for? He replied: He has indeed been sent for. The gate was opened. When I entered 'Isa b. Maryam and Yahya b. Zakariya (peace be upon both of them), cousins from the maternal side. welcomed me and prayed for my good Then I was taken to the third heaven and Gabriel asked for the opening (of the door). He was asked: Who are you? He replied: Gabriel. He was (again) asked: Who is with you? He replied Muhammad (may peace be upon him). It was said: Has he been sent for? He replied He has indeed been sent for. (The gate) was opened for us and I saw Yusuf (peace of Allah be upon him) who had been given half of (world) beauty. He welcomed me prayed for my well-being. Then he ascended with us to the fourth heaven. Gabriel (peace be upon him) asked for the (gate) to be opened, and it was said: Who is he? He replied: Gabriel. It was (again) said: Who is with you? He said: Muhammad. It was said: Has he been sent for? He replied: He has indeed been sent for. The (gate) was opened for us, and lo! Idris was there. He welcomed me and prayed for my well-being (About him) Allah, the Exalted and the Glorious, has said:" We elevated him (Idris) to the exalted position" (Qur'an xix. 57). Then he ascended with us to the fifth heaven and Gabriel asked for the (gate) to be opened. It was said: Who is he? He replied Gabriel. It was (again) said: Who is with thee? He replied: Muhammad. It was said Has he been sent for? He replied: He has indeed been sent for. (The gate) was opened for us and then I was with Harun (Aaron-peace of Allah be upon him). He welcomed me prayed for my well-being. Then I was taken to the sixth heaven. Gabriel (peace be upon him) asked for the door to be opened. It was said: Who is he? He replied: Gabriel. It was said: Who is with thee? He replied: Muhammad. It was said: Has he been sent for? He replied: He has indeed been sent for. (The gate) was opened for us and there I was with Musa (Moses peace be upon him) He welcomed me and prayed for my well-being. Then I was taken up to the seventh heaven. Gabriel asked the (gate) to be opened. It was said: Who is he? He said: Gabriel It was said. Who is with thee? He replied: Muhammad (may peace be upon him.) It was said: Has he been sent for? He replied: He has indeed been sent for. (The gate) was opened for us and there I found Ibrahim (Abraham peace be upon him) reclining against the Bait-ul-Ma'mur and there enter into it seventy thousand angels every day, never to visit (this place) again. Then I was taken to Sidrat-ul-Muntaha whose leaves were like elephant ears and its fruit like big earthenware vessels. And when it was covered by the Command of Allah, it underwent such a change that none amongst the creation has the power to praise its beauty.
  • Then Allah revealed to me a revelation and He made obligatory for me fifty prayers every day and night. Then I went down to Moses (peace be upon him) and he said: What has your Lord enjoined upon your Ummah? I said: Fifty prayers. He said: Return to thy Lord and beg for reduction (in the number of prayers), for your community shallnot be able to bear this burden. as I have put to test the children of Isra'il and tried them (and found them too weak to bear such a heavy burden). He (the Holy Prophet) said: I went back to my Lord and said: My Lord, make things lighter for my Ummah. (The Lord) reduced five prayers for me. I went down to Moses and said. (The Lord) reduced five (prayers) for me, He said: Verily thy Ummah shall not be able to bear this burden; return to thy Lord and ask Him to make things lighter. I then kept going back and forth between my Lord Blessed and Exalted and Moses, till He said: There are five prayers every day and night. O Muhammad, each being credited as ten, so that makes fifty prayers. He who intends to do a good deed and does not do it will have a good deed recorded for him; and if he does it, it will be recorded for him as ten; whereas he who intends to do an evil deed and does not do, it will not be recorded for him; and if he does it, only one evil deed will be recorded. I then came down and when I came to Moses and informed him, he said: Go back to thy Lord and ask Him to make things lighter. Upon this the Messenger of Allah remarked: I returned to my Lord until I felt ashamed before Him.
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The Miracle of Isra’
  • Narrated Abu Dhar:
  • Allah's Apostle said, "While I was at Mecca the roof of my house was opened and Gabriel descended, opened my chest, and washed it with Zam-zam water. Then he brought a golden tray full of wisdom and faith and having poured its contents into my chest, he closed it. Then he took my hand and ascended with me to the nearest heaven, when I reached the nearest heaven, Gabriel said to the gatekeeper of the heaven, 'Open (the gate).' The gatekeeper asked, 'Who is it?' Gabriel answered: 'Gabriel.' He asked, 'Is there anyone with you?' Gabriel replied, 'Yes, Muhammad I is with me.' He asked, 'Has he been called?' Gabriel said, 'Yes.' So the gate was opened and we went over the nearest heaven and there we saw a man sitting with some people on his right and some on his left. When he looked towards his right, he laughed and when he looked toward his left he wept. Then he said, 'Welcome! O pious Prophet and pious son.' I asked Gabriel, 'Who is he?' He replied, 'He is Adam and the people on his right and left are the souls of his offspring. Those on his right are the people of Paradise and those on his left are the people of Hell and when he looks towards his right he laughs and when he looks towards his left he weeps.'
  • Then he ascended with me till he reached the second heaven and he (Gabriel) said to its gatekeeper, 'Open (the gate).' The gatekeeper said to him the same as the gatekeeper of the first heaven had said and he opened the gate. Anas said: "Abu Dhar added that the Prophet met Adam, Idris, Moses, Jesus and Abraham, he (Abu Dhar) did not mention on which heaven they were but he mentioned that he (the Prophet ) met Adarn on the nearest heaven and Abraham on the sixth heaven. Anas said, "When Gabriel along with the Prophet passed by Idris, the latter said, 'Welcome! O pious Prophet and pious brother.' The Prophet asked, 'Who is he?' Gabriel replied, 'He is Idris." The Prophet added, "I passed by Moses and he said, 'Welcome! O pious Prophet and pious brother.' I asked Gabriel, 'Who is he?' Gabriel replied, 'He is Moses.' Then I passed by Jesus and he said, 'Welcome! O pious brother and pious Prophet.' I asked, 'Who is he?' Gabriel replied, 'He is Jesus.
  • Then I passed by Abraham and he said, 'Welcome! O pious Prophet and pious son.' I asked Gabriel, 'Who is he?' Gabriel replied, 'He is Abraham. The Prophet added, 'Then Gabriel ascended with me to a place where I heard the creaking of the pens." Ibn Hazm and Anas bin Malik said: The Prophet said, "Then Allah enjoined fifty prayers on my followers when I returned with this order of Allah, I passed by Moses who asked me, 'What has Allah enjoined on your followers?' I replied, 'He has enjoined fifty prayers on them.' Moses said, 'Go back to your Lord (and appeal for reduction) for your followers will not be able to bear it.' (So I went back to Allah and requested for reduction) and He reduced it to half. When I passed by Moses again and informed him about it, he said, 'Go back to your Lord as your followers will not be able to bear it.' So I returned to Allah and requested for further reduction and half of it was reduced. I again passed by Moses and he said to me: 'Return to your Lord, for your followers will not be able to bear it. So I returned to Allah and He said, 'These are five prayers and they are all (equal to) fifty (in reward) for My Word does not change.' I returned to Moses and he told me to go back once again. I replied, 'Now I feel shy of asking my Lord again.' Then Gabriel took me till we '' reached Sidrat-il-Muntaha (Lote tree of; the utmost boundry) which was shrouded in colors, indescribable. Then I was admitted into Paradise where I found small (tents or) walls (made) of pearls and its earth was of musk."