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    1. Roman Beginnings

    2. Roman Beginnings Rome started with the Latin Tribe on the Italian Peninsula in the Tiber River Valley around 2000 B.C.

    3. Italian Peninsula Powers

    4. Etruscans

    5. Etruscans The Etruscans took over the Latins in 800 B.C.

    6. Etruscans The Etruscans took over the Latins in 800 B.C. A Latin-elected, Etruscan-born king ruled over the Latins

    7. Etruscans The Etruscans took over the Latins in 800 B.C. A Latin-elected, Etruscan-born king ruled over the Latins The king kept a Latin advisory council called the Senate

    8. Etruscans The Etruscans took over the Latins in 800 B.C. A Latin-elected, Etruscan-born king ruled over the Latins The king kept a Latin advisory council called the Senate The Senate was made up of land owners or Patricians.

    9. Etruscans The Etruscans took over the Latins in 800 B.C. A Latin-elected, Etruscan-born king ruled over the Latins The king kept a Latin advisory council called the Senate The Senate was made up of land owners or Patricians. The common people were known as Plebeians.

    10. Eventually

    11. Eventually The Tarquin (Etruscan Family) Dynasty was overthrown.

    12. Eventually The Tarquin (Etruscan Family) Dynasty was overthrown. Rome forms its own government.

    13. The Roman Republic

    14. The Roman Republic Republic: Citizens elect representatives to run the government.

    15. The Republic

    16. The Republic Established in 509 B.C.

    17. The Republic Established in 509 B.C. Gives each tribe of Rome representation in the government.

    18. The Republic Established in 509 B.C. Gives each tribe of Rome representation in the government. Uses two different branches to run the government

    19. The Roman Republic

    20. The Roman Republic Senate

    21. The Roman Republic Senate Consuls

    22. The Roman Republic Senate Law Makers Consuls

    23. The Roman Republic Senate Law Makers 300 Members Consuls

    24. The Roman Republic Senate Law Makers 300 Members -Proposed Laws Consuls

    25. The Roman Republic Senate Law Makers 300 Members -Proposed Laws -Lifetime Terms Consuls

    26. The Roman Republic Senate Law Makers 300 Members -Proposed Laws -Lifetime Terms -Nominated Consuls Consuls

    27. The Roman Republic Senate Law Makers 300 Members -Proposed Laws -Lifetime Terms -Nominated Consuls -Consuls appoint vacancies Consuls

    28. The Roman Republic Senate Law Makers 300 Members -Proposed Laws -Lifetime Terms -Nominated Consuls -Consuls appoint vacancies Consuls Chief Executive

    29. The Roman Republic Senate Law Makers 300 Members -Proposed Laws -Lifetime Terms -Nominated Consuls -Consuls appoint vacancies Consuls Chief Executive Two Positions

    30. The Roman Republic Senate Law Makers 300 Members -Proposed Laws -Lifetime Terms -Nominated Consuls -Consuls appoint vacancies Consuls Chief Executive Two Positions -One year terms (to limit their power)

    31. The Roman Republic Senate Law Makers 300 Members -Proposed Laws -Lifetime Terms -Nominated Consuls -Consuls appoint vacancies Consuls Chief Executive Two Positions -One year terms (to limit their power) -During war time one is chosen to act as dictator

    32. But

    33. But Only Patricians could be part of the government.

    34. Plebeian Plight for Equal Rights

    35. Plebeian Plight for Equal Rights 509B.C. - Republic created: Plebeians are citizens with the right to vote, but they could not hold political office

    36. Plebeian Plight for Equal Rights 509B.C. - Republic created: Plebeians are citizens with the right to vote, but they could not hold political office 494B.C. - Formation of the Plebeian Assembly and Tribunes

    37. Plebeian Plight for Equal Rights 509B.C. - Republic created: Plebeians are citizens with the right to vote, but they could not hold political office 494B.C. - Formation of the Plebeian Assembly and Tribunes 451B.C. - Twelve Tables created: Ensuring the right to protection of the law for all Roman citizens

    38. Plebeian Plight for Equal Rights 509B.C. - Republic created: Plebeians are citizens with the right to vote, but they could not hold political office 494B.C. - Formation of the Plebeian Assembly and Tribunes 451B.C. - Twelve Tables created: Ensuring the right to protection of the law for all Roman citizens 287B.C. - Plebeian Assembly evolves into the Popular Assembly with near equal status to the Senate

    39. Rome Expands

    40. Rome Expands North - Took over the Etruscans

    41. Rome Expands North - Took over the Etruscans South - Took over the Greeks

    42. Rome Expands North - Took over the Etruscans South - Took over the Greeks By 270B.C. Rome ruled all of central and southern Italy

    43. Punic Wars

    44. Punic Wars Series of three wars over 100 years Carthage versus Rome

    45. Punic Wars Series of three wars over 100 years Carthage versus Rome First War: 241B.C. - Sicily

    46. Punic Wars Series of three wars over 100 years Carthage versus Rome First War: 241B.C. - Sicily Carthage controlled part of Sicily, Rome wanted it as a buffer

    47. Punic Wars Series of three wars over 100 years Carthage versus Rome First War: 241B.C. - Sicily Carthage controlled part of Sicily, Rome wanted it as a buffer Fought by ships

    48. Punic Wars Series of three wars over 100 years Carthage versus Rome First War: 241B.C. - Sicily Carthage controlled part of Sicily, Rome wanted it as a buffer Fought by ships Rome won!

    49. Hannibal

    50. Hannibal 219B.C. - Carthaginian General Hannibal attacks Rome

    51. Hannibal 219B.C. - Carthaginian General Hannibal attacks Rome Through Iberian Peninsula, through Gaul and over the Alps

    52. Hannibal 219B.C. - Carthaginian General Hannibal attacks Rome Through Iberian Peninsula, through Gaul and over the Alps Losing half of his men

    53. Hannibal 219B.C. - Carthaginian General Hannibal attacks Rome Through Iberian Peninsula, through Gaul and over the Alps Losing half of his men Rome attacks North Africa

    54. Hannibal 219B.C. - Carthaginian General Hannibal attacks Rome Through Iberian Peninsula, through Gaul and over the Alps Losing half of his men Rome attacks North Africa Hannibal returns to Africa to defend Carthage

    55. Hannibal 219B.C. - Carthaginian General Hannibal attacks Rome Through Iberian Peninsula, through Gaul and over the Alps Losing half of his men Rome attacks North Africa Hannibal returns to Africa to defend Carthage He is defeated at Zama (50 miles from Carthage) in 202B.C.

    56. Third Punic War

    57. Third Punic War 199B.C. Carthage attacked a Roman ally

    58. Third Punic War 199B.C. Carthage attacked a Roman ally Rome gets annoyed with Carthage and they destroy the city of Carthage

    59. Third Punic War 199B.C. Carthage attacked a Roman ally Rome gets annoyed with Carthage and they destroy the city of Carthage Therefore Rome controls all Carthaginian land

    60. Third Punic War 199B.C. Carthage attacked a Roman ally Rome gets annoyed with Carthage and they destroy the city of Carthage Therefore Rome controls all Carthaginian land

    61. Rome before the wars

    62. Rome after the Punic Wars

    63. Roman Map

    64. Roman Empire

    65. Roman Empire Expanding across the Mediterranean brought many changes to Rome

    66. Expansion under the Republic

    67. Expansion under the Republic Rome expanded to 146 B.C. Macedonia and Greece

    68. Expansion under the Republic Rome expanded to 146 B.C. Macedonia and Greece 133 B.C. Asia Minor

    69. Expansion under the Republic Rome expanded to 146 B.C. Macedonia and Greece 133 B.C. Asia Minor 100 B.C. Middle East and Egypt

    70. Expansion under the Republic Rome expanded to 146 B.C. Macedonia and Greece 133 B.C. Asia Minor 100 B.C. Middle East and Egypt

    71. Expansion under the Republic Rome expanded to 146 B.C. Macedonia and Greece 133 B.C. Asia Minor 100 B.C. Middle East and Egypt

    72. Expansion under the Republic Rome expanded to 146 B.C. Macedonia and Greece 133 B.C. Asia Minor 100 B.C. Middle East and Egypt

    73. End of the Republic

    74. End of the Republic Senate became too powerful and the army was doing all the work

    75. Enter: Julius Caesar

    76. Enter: Julius Caesar Popular General

    77. Enter: Julius Caesar Popular General Fresh from the Gallic Wars in which Rome took over Gaul

    78. Enter: Julius Caesar Popular General Fresh from the Gallic Wars in which Rome took over Gaul 44B.C. formed the First Triumvirate

    79. Enter: Julius Caesar Popular General Fresh from the Gallic Wars in which Rome took over Gaul 44B.C. formed the First Triumvirate (oligarchy)

    80. Enter: Julius Caesar Popular General Fresh from the Gallic Wars in which Rome took over Gaul 44B.C. formed the First Triumvirate (oligarchy) Overthrew the Senate

    81. Enter: Julius Caesar Popular General Fresh from the Gallic Wars in which Rome took over Gaul 44B.C. formed the First Triumvirate (oligarchy) Overthrew the Senate (weakened it)

    82. Enter: Julius Caesar Popular General Fresh from the Gallic Wars in which Rome took over Gaul 44B.C. formed the First Triumvirate (oligarchy) Overthrew the Senate (weakened it) Gave Roman citizenship to non-Romans

    83. Enter: Julius Caesar Popular General Fresh from the Gallic Wars in which Rome took over Gaul 44B.C. formed the First Triumvirate (oligarchy) Overthrew the Senate (weakened it) Gave Roman citizenship to non-Romans Adjusted taxes

    84. Enter: Julius Caesar Popular General Fresh from the Gallic Wars in which Rome took over Gaul 44B.C. formed the First Triumvirate (oligarchy) Overthrew the Senate (weakened it) Gave Roman citizenship to non-Romans Adjusted taxes (taxed rich more than the poor)

    85. Julius Caesar Became a dictator

    86. Julius Caesar Became a dictator All powerful

    87. Julius Caesar Became a dictator All powerful According to the Senate

    88. Julius Caesar Became a dictator All powerful According to the Senate He was too powerful!

    89. Julius Caesar Became a dictator All powerful According to the Senate He was too powerful!

    90. Octavian & Mark Antony

    91. Octavian & Mark Antony Restore order by eliminating certain powerful senators

    92. Octavian & Mark Antony Restore order by eliminating certain powerful senators Decide to split the empire and rule over two different sections - East and West

    93. Octavian & Mark Antony Restore order by eliminating certain powerful senators Decide to split the empire and rule over two different sections - East and West Octavian = Western Empire and Rome

    94. Octavian & Mark Antony Restore order by eliminating certain powerful senators Decide to split the empire and rule over two different sections - East and West Octavian = Western Empire and Rome Mark Antony = Eastern Empire and Egypt

    95. Mark Antony & Cleopatra

    96. Mark Antony & Cleopatra Cleopatra believes that her son is the rightful heir to the Roman throne

    97. Mark Antony & Cleopatra Cleopatra believes that her son is the rightful heir to the Roman throne She convinces Mark Antony to attack Octavian

    98. Mark Antony & Cleopatra Cleopatra believes that her son is the rightful heir to the Roman throne She convinces Mark Antony to attack Octavian Octavian meets Mark Antony and Cleopatra at Actium (off the southern coast of the Italian Peninsula)

    99. Mark Antony & Cleopatra Cleopatra believes that her son is the rightful heir to the Roman throne She convinces Mark Antony to attack Octavian Octavian meets Mark Antony and Cleopatra at Actium (off the southern coast of the Italian Peninsula) Octavian wins

    100. Mark Antony & Cleopatra Cleopatra believes that her son is the rightful heir to the Roman throne She convinces Mark Antony to attack Octavian Octavian meets Mark Antony and Cleopatra at Actium (off the southern coast of the Italian Peninsula) Octavian wins Cleopatra and Mark Antony commit suicide

    101. Augustus Caesar

    102. Augustus Caesar Octavian is named emperor by the Senate

    103. Augustus Caesar Octavian is named emperor by the Senate Augustus the majestic

    104. Augustus Caesar Octavian is named emperor by the Senate Augustus the majestic

    105. Pax Romana (Roman Peace)

    106. Augustus

    107. Augustus Created a peaceful empire (Pax Romana)

    108. Augustus Created a peaceful empire (Pax Romana) Concentrated on building the empire from within

    109. Augustus Created a peaceful empire (Pax Romana) Concentrated on building the empire from within Adjusted taxes

    110. Augustus Created a peaceful empire (Pax Romana) Concentrated on building the empire from within Adjusted taxes Public works

    111. Augustus Created a peaceful empire (Pax Romana) Concentrated on building the empire from within Adjusted taxes Public works Lack of corruption

    112. Augustus Created a peaceful empire (Pax Romana) Concentrated on building the empire from within Adjusted taxes Public works Lack of corruption Encouraged large Roman families

    113. Roman Trade

    114. Decline of the Roman Empire

    115. Causes of the Decline of Rome

    116. Causes of the Decline of Rome Romes economy declines.

    117. Causes of the Decline of Rome Romes economy declines. Rome faces military upheaval.

    118. Causes of the Decline of Rome Romes economy declines. Rome faces military upheaval. Roman politics decay.

    119. Causes of the Decline of Rome Romes economy declines. Rome faces military upheaval. Roman politics decay. Bigger gap between the rich and poor.

    120. Causes of the Decline of Rome Romes economy declines. Rome faces military upheaval. Roman politics decay. Bigger gap between the rich and poor.

    121. Contributing Factors to the Decline of the Western Roman Empire

    122. Contributing Factors to the Decline of the Western Roman Empire Economic

    123. Contributing Factors to the Decline of the Western Roman Empire Economic Inflation

    124. Contributing Factors to the Decline of the Western Roman Empire Economic Inflation Disruption of Trade

    125. Contributing Factors to the Decline of the Western Roman Empire Economic Inflation Disruption of Trade Military

    126. Contributing Factors to the Decline of the Western Roman Empire Economic Inflation Disruption of Trade Military Threats from Northern European tribes

    127. Contributing Factors to the Decline of the Western Roman Empire Economic Inflation Disruption of Trade Military Threats from Northern European tribes Decline of patriotism & loyalty among soldiers

    128. Contributing Factors to the Decline of the Western Roman Empire Economic Inflation Disruption of Trade Military Threats from Northern European tribes Decline of patriotism & loyalty among soldiers Low funds for defense

    129. Contributing Factors to the Decline of the Western Roman Empire Economic Inflation Disruption of Trade Military Threats from Northern European tribes Decline of patriotism & loyalty among soldiers Low funds for defense Political

    130. Contributing Factors to the Decline of the Western Roman Empire Economic Inflation Disruption of Trade Military Threats from Northern European tribes Decline of patriotism & loyalty among soldiers Low funds for defense Political Division of the empire

    131. Contributing Factors to the Decline of the Western Roman Empire Economic Inflation Disruption of Trade Military Threats from Northern European tribes Decline of patriotism & loyalty among soldiers Low funds for defense Political Division of the empire Political office seen as a burden, not an honor

    132. Contributing Factors to the Decline of the Western Roman Empire Economic Inflation Disruption of Trade Military Threats from Northern European tribes Decline of patriotism & loyalty among soldiers Low funds for defense Political Division of the empire Political office seen as a burden, not an honor Social

    133. Contributing Factors to the Decline of the Western Roman Empire Economic Inflation Disruption of Trade Military Threats from Northern European tribes Decline of patriotism & loyalty among soldiers Low funds for defense Political Division of the empire Political office seen as a burden, not an honor Social Lack of confidence in the empire

    134. Contributing Factors to the Decline of the Western Roman Empire Economic Inflation Disruption of Trade Military Threats from Northern European tribes Decline of patriotism & loyalty among soldiers Low funds for defense Political Division of the empire Political office seen as a burden, not an honor Social Lack of confidence in the empire Decline in interest of political affairs