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Reactive Attachment Disorder (RAD) aka Attachment Disorder (AD) It’s Time To Understand . . . What Is Attachment Disorder?.
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With Verbal Instruction
Parent Present and Able to Act
Parent Present and Initiates
0 - 2 yo
Parent Present and ControllingConscience Development
Table from the book, “Adopting The Hurt Child” by Gregory C. Keck PhD. and Regina M. Kupecky, LSW
Indiscriminately affectionate with strangers
Destruction of self, others, things
Experiences developmental lags
Will not make eye contact (on parent terms)
Not cuddly with parents
Cruel to animals, siblings
Lacks cause and effect thinking
Has poor peer relationships
Inappropriately demanding or clinging
Engages in stealing or lying
Lacks a conscience
Engages in persistent nonsense questions or incessant chatter
Has poor impulse control
Has abnormal speech patterns
Fights for control over everything
Engages in hoarding or gorging on food
Has a preoccupation with fire, blood or goreSymptoms of Attachment Disorder
Ref. Reber, Keith. “Children at risk for reactive attachment disorder: assessment diagnosis and treatment.” Phillips Graduate Institute.
Frustration of the parents to receive reciprocal loving and bonding
Venting of hatred towards the Mother - suffering through:
Post Traumatic Stress Disorder
Apparent close bond to the Father
Schools, churches, friends and relatives become critical of parents
The family becomes controlled by the antics of the child, withdrawing the family from normal social functions
Siblings are targeted, and threatened
Family pets are targeted, and endangered
Normal times of closeness such as Christmas become outbursts of reactive anger
Automatic parenting does not work, there is no logical point of reference
Parents appear to be hostile and/or angryWhat Are The Effects Upon The Family?
Touch: unrehearsed caresses
Movement:: rocking, bouncing
Smiles: the smile in the eyes is the child’s focus
Basic carbohydrates: lactose, sugar
Parenting interactions to encourage reciprocity on parents terms:
Singing a favorite song together
reciting nursery rhymes together
imitation games that require child to respond to parent
Child and parent working together in a reciprocal way
doing chores together in a fun way
activities that child completes on parent’s terms that enable a child to feel he or she is able to give back
Re-do early developmental stages child may have missed
Demonstrate affection regardless of response
Avoid control battles!!!
Control battles are lose-lose
Try win-win approaches like:
“When you do this, then I’ll do that”Keys To Bonding
Build confliction - ask questions like, “Are you happy with your life now?”
Listening actively to child’s behavior
encourage verbal expression of feelings
acceptance of child’s feelings
exploring choices for handling feelings
understanding consequences of choicesKeys To Bonding
(In a good way)
Fun To Be Around!