Oppositional Defiant Disorder. Dr Claude Jolicoeur. Oppositional Defiant Disorder. Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM IV), 4th edition, 1994, American Psychiatric Association (update DSM IV-TR , and soon to be published 2006-2007, DSM V ). Criterion A.
Dr Claude Jolicoeur
- and is characterized by the frequent occurrence of at least four of the following behaviors:
Defiance may also include
. deliberate or persistent testing of limits, usually by ignoring orders, arguing, and failing to accept blame for misdeeds.