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Road Safety and Eco-driving

Road Safety and Eco-driving Annie CANEL DGTREN – Road Safety 8 mai 2008 EUROPEAN COMMISSION Road Safety and Eco-driving Eco-driving, a combination of : - road safety issues - environment issues Road safety and Eco-driving What is eco-driving ?

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Road Safety and Eco-driving

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  1. Road Safety and Eco-driving Annie CANEL DGTREN – Road Safety 8 mai 2008 EUROPEANCOMMISSION

  2. Road Safety and Eco-drivingEco-driving, a combination of : - road safety issues - environment issues

  3. Road safety and Eco-driving • What is eco-driving ? • Attitude and respect for society and the environment • Minimising the effects of transport on the environment • Reducing the numbers of road deaths and accidents • Specific techniques for driving a car

  4. Road safety and Eco-driving Impact on environment

  5. Sectoral trends • GHG emissions from transport keep growing while other sectors’ contributions are going down Sector evolution 1990 – 2004 by sector: Sector projections 1990 – 2010 with existing measures: Source: EEA 2006

  6. Transport GHG emissions, by mode • Road dominates although international shipping and aviation are growing fast

  7. Road transport CO2 - shares Cars Source: TREMOVE baseline 2.41

  8. Fuel economy in gears 18 1st gear 16 14 2nd gear 3rd gear 12 l/100 km 10 287* 8 4th gear 5th gear 6 382* 4 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 km/h Source: VROM, Netherlands

  9. How Gear Shifting Affects Fuel Consumption Seat Ibiza 1,4 l. 55 kW at 50 km/hr:in 2nd gear = 3600 RPM = 8 km/l = 12.5 l/100kmin 3rd gear = 2600 RPM = 12 km/l = 8.3 l/100kmin 4th gear = 1900 RPM = 17 km/l = 5.9 l/100kmin 5th gear = 1400 RPM = 20 km/l = 5 l/100km

  10. Fuel economy and CO2 reduction potential • ECO-DRIVING training • 10% to 25% savings on average • 10% in practice • HOW? • Gear change at 2000 – 2500 RPM, less vehicle dynamics (acceleration/deceleration/speeding/overtaking/aggression), less idling and cold start short trips • In-car devices (on-board computer, cruise control, RPM, MDD, GSI) EU 15 reduction estimates: 10% fuel costs = 25 billion litres / Euro = >50 Mton CO2 Source: VROM, Netherlands

  11. Road safety and Eco-driving Impact on road safety

  12. Road safety and Eco-driving • Eco-driving / safe driving • Evidence shows that drivers using eco-driving techniques have less accidents • The benefits of eco-driving in respect to road safety: driving is safer, due to greater anticipation and less erratic and unpredictable behaviour

  13. Eco-driving / safe driving • Different aspects Learner/novice drivers Professional drivers Car industry Target groups Designing in-car devices Influencing behaviour / training and testing Specific Objectives Measures Legislation Campaigns Research Competent bodies National authorities / EU Associationsand stakeholders- environment- road safety Car industry

  14. Eco-driving / safe driving • EU legislation • on driving licences (91/439/EEC and 2006/126/EC) • on initial qualification and periodic training of professional drivers (2003/59/EC) contain provisions for the environment-friendly use of vehicles

  15. Eco-driving / safe driving • Experiments and pilot projects Some countries have already introduced eco-driving in training and testing (NL, DE, CH, SE, FI) Example in The Netherlands: Energy-conscious driving is part of the official category B training and testing curriculum: • Energy-conscious driving is one of 13 criteria which can be used in reaching a pass-fail decision in the practical driving test. • But: candidates will not fail on the basis of poor eco-driving as long as his/her safe driving behaviour is otherwise excellent. • However, poor eco-driving can contribute to failure if other (safe driving) aspects of the candidate’s performance are found to be lacking.

  16. Eco-driving / safe driving • Eco-driving instructions to a new driving style • Shift up as soon as possible • Maintain a steady speed • Anticipate traffic flow • Decelerate smoothly • Check the tyre pressure frequently • Smooth and consistent driving, in a well-tuned vehicle

  17. Eco-driving / safe driving • possible conflicts ? • Drifting around junctions and pedestrian crossings in an attempt not to stop • Coming too close to the vehicle in front in an effort to maximise your evenness of speed • Coasting too early and disrupting the pattern of traffic to the rear, thereby increasing the risk of a rear-end collision • Rapid acceleration to cruising speed could cause shorter safety margins to vehicles in front • Trying to stay in a high (fuel-efficient) gear, but therefore manoeuvring at too high a speed (e.g. cornering) • Switching off the engine at short stops can lead to the steering wheel locking

  18. Road Safety and Eco-driving A need for :- more research on the impact of eco-driving on road safety-clear messages for policies

  19. More information • CIECA internal project on ‘Eco-driving’ in category B driver training & the driving test (2007) - Final Report 05-11-07 • Ecodriven • http://ec.europa.eu/energy/intelligent/projects/steer_en.htm • Networks • www.eurotra.org • www.ecodrive.org • www.hetnieuwerijden.nl • www.senternovem.nl

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