Perceiving & evaluating other people Why do we evaluate others? all of us are naïve psychologists Are we accurate? often however, our judgments can suffer from a number of biases analogy: bias/ perceptual illusion; gives cue to normal processing Attributions from behavior Attribution
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(2) Do many other people get angry in traffic jams?
(3) Does Susan get angry in many other situations?
No personality or situational attribution
Situational attribution: traffic jams make people mad
Personality attribution, general
Personality attribution, particularKelley’s Attributional Logic
Revision: could be a funny show
Person: Joe laughs easily
What kind of person is Joe?
Situation: the TV show is funny
Revision: maybe Joe laughs easily
How funny is the TV comedy?Two-stage Model of Attributions
Book example: Joe laughs hysterically while watching a TV comedy. What can we conclude?
Y N D
YES NO Depends on