Download
organization culture n.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Organization Culture PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Organization Culture

Organization Culture

318 Views Download Presentation
Download Presentation

Organization Culture

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

  1. Organization Culture • Defining culture • Does it matter? • Describing culture • Acquiring culture • Changing culture

  2. Defining Culture • What is it? • “...the shared patterns of thought, belief, feelings, and values that result from shared experience and common learning” • “system of shared meaning” • “The social glue that holds the organization together” • Characteristics: • Holistic • Historically determined • Socially constructed (perceptions) • Soft • Difficult to change

  3. Climate vs. Culture • Climate = actual events • Culture = individuals’ perception of events

  4. Does It Matter? • Enhances group members’ ability to adapt and survive • Reduces uncertainty about what to do and how to do it (and thus, reduces anxiety) • Provides sense of mission • Strong or widely-held culture may lead to high performance (jury’s out on this one)

  5. Single or Multiple Cultures ? • Multiple cultures may be a sign of conflict • Mergers • Top-down attempts to “manage” culture • Subcultures (core culture + adaptations) • Countercultures

  6. What is Included? • Common language and conceptual categories • Group boundaries and criteria for inclusion and exclusion • Power and status • Intimacy, friendship, and love • Rewards and punishments: what is rewarded and punished, as well as what rewards and punishments are • Ideology and “religion”: that is, how to manage the unmanageable and explain the unexplainable

  7. Events: Rites Ceremonials Rituals Communications Myths Sagas Legends Stories Folktales Things Symbols Language Gestures Physical setting Artifacts Really minor distinctions among these Recognizing Culture

  8. Rituals Heroes Values Layers of Culture Symbols Practices

  9. Cultural Dimensions (Hofstede) • Process vs. results • Employee vs. job • Parochial vs. professional • Open vs. closed • Loose vs. tight • Normative vs. pragmatic

  10. Cultural Dimensions (another perspective) • Innovation and risk-taking • Attention to detail • Outcome orientation • People orientation • Team orientation • Aggressiveness • Stability

  11. Yet Another Perspective…. I. Managing change II. Achieving goals (how effective) III. Coordinated teamwork IV. Customer orientation V. Cultural strength

  12. OCAQ Norms

  13. Sources of Culture • Founders • Historical events • Industry • National culture

  14. Acquiring Culture • Selection process • Socialization of new members • Rites and ceremonies • Rite of passage • Rite of renewal • Rite of integration

  15. Changing Culture • Can it be changed? • In a new organization: The founder effect • Maybe yes? • Maybe no? • Should it be changed? • Strong culture can be a barrier to innovation, growth and change