Opportunities for Chemists in the automotive additive industry Dr David Moreton, Lubrizol Ltd., Hazelwood, Derbyshire © 2005 The Lubrizol Corporation
The automotive additive industry • A multibillion pound industry, selling hundreds of thousands of tonnes of additives every year. How come you’ve never heard of us? • We do not sell direct to customers – our main customers are the big oil companies and the big car and lorry manufacturers.
Who are our customers? • Oil companies - BP Castrol - Chevron Texaco • Shell - Total Fina Elf • Exxon Mobil • Car and engine manufacturers - VW - GM • Volvo - Renault • Peugeot - Daimler Chrysler • Mack - Ford
Why are additives needed? • In engine oils, needed to lubricate, maintain viscosity, stop wear and counteract effects of ageing oils such as carbonaceous deposits and acidity – engine oils you buy in the shops are 10 – 20% additive • In Gear oils and traction fluids the needs are as above, but counteracting wear is even more important – these fluids can be up to 40% additive • In fuels need additives to stop inlet valve deposits in petrol engines and nozzle fouling in Diesel engines, and give lubricity to low sulphur fuels, all aiding fuel efficiency. Additive amounts are low (ppm) but volumes are huge.
Who are we? • There are 4 main players in the industry • Lubrizol (independent) • Infineum (Shell/Esso joint venture) • Oronite (Chevron) • Afton (independent) • Lubrizol is the largest, but the others all have sizeable market shares, some more in one area than the other
Where are we? • Lubrizol, Afton and Oronite all US based, Infineum UK based • Lubrizol, Afton and Infineum all have UK research facilities though • Lubrizol at Hazelwood, North of Derby • Infineum at Abingdon, Oxfordshire • Afton in Bracknell, Berkshire • Lubrizol is largest, 250 employed at Hazelwood • BP Castrol has large automotive additive research centre at Pangbourne in Berkshire • Shell also has automotive additive research and testing facilities (“Shell Global Solutions”) at Thornton, Cheshire All these facilities employ chemists
What do these chemists do? • Synthesis of new additives (BSc. Chemists, Ph.D. organic chemists) • Physical testing and screen testing (BSc. Chemists, Ph.D. physical chemists) • Analysis (B.Sc. and Ph.D. chemists, non graduate chemists) • Formulating (B.Sc. and Ph.D. chemists, but often after some experience in the areas above.) Chemists will then often progress into management and commercial roles, as is the case with other chemical sectors.
Who are Lubrizol? A Global Specialty Chemicals Company • 7000 employees worldwide (540 in research) • Independent - owned by our shareholders • NYSE:- LZ ($ 4bn) • Technology leader - world’s largest lubricant additives company • Specialists in combining chemical components • Strong worldwide infrastructure (USA, JAPAN, UK)
What will Chemists do in Organic synthesis? • Synthesis of a wide variety of chemistries in laboratory • Data input, schedule analysis and testing • Interpret data & undertake structure-performance studies • Work closely with business colleagues & researchers on site and elsewhere • Process develop your molecules that have performed well • Scale up to pilot plant and plant • Often visit other research sites abroad and manufacturing plants • Note – only Lubrizol does this in the UK. We are a specialty chemical industry, and in comparison to pharmaceutical/biotech companies our development times are much shorter – typically 18 months – 2 years from lab to commercial production, rather than 20 years.
What will chemists do in physical testing and screen testing? • Performance Screen testing • Formulating support • Drain oil analysis • Troubleshoot customer queries, customer service • Physical Characterisation • tribology, rheology, thermal analysis, sizing, etc. • Applied Research • deposit formation, competitive analysis, colloid science • Often visit other research sites abroad
What will chemists do in analysis? • Run elemental, titrometric and spectral analysis • Analyse and interpret data • Analyse unknown and competitor samples
What will chemists do in formulating? • Our industry rarely sells pure ingredients, normally packages of ingredients which all have different functions (similar to formulating in the personal care industry) • Blending, testing and meeting customer specifications and requirements though is a skilled art. • Liaise with commercial and research groups • Formulate and test new molecules • Present to customers • Rare to employ chemists direct from college.
Opportunities for undergraduates • Both Lubrizol, and to my knowledge the others, employ large numbers of undergraduate chemist sandwich students. • 10 employed this year at Lubrizol Hazelwood alone • Employed in all the areas just described • At Lubrizol they have often been employed permanently at the end of their placement, or sponsored to do Ph.D’s
Opportunities for postgraduates • Lubrizol and Infineum sponsor (often fully) many Ph.D’s at UK universities. Lubrizol is sponsoring 8 at present. • Undertake mainly physical chemistry (surface analysis, tribology, rheology, colloid science), but also organic chemistry (fundamental synthetic methods, polymer synthesis) • Lubrizol and Infineum often employ these Ph.D’s when they have graduated
Is there a future for our industry? • YES! (in the medium term at least) • Our customers are demanding • Longer drain intervals for engine oils • Additives that don’t harm catalytic converters • Fuel economy This means new additives, and more of them. • Our customers do not foresee the end of the internal combustion engine for the next 30 years • Battery and hydrogen driven cars will still have to be lubricated.
Adaptable Enthusiastic Hard working Chemical Awareness Teamwork Good lab practices Who are we looking for?
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