Nature Football Team activity Competitive (both teams are trying to win) Directly competitive (your performance can affect your opponents performance.
Football • Objective. • The score can be counted. • The team that scores the most goals wins. Scoring
Football Roles • Playing roles Non-playing roles • Striker Referee • Midfielder Linesman • Defender Spectator (fan) • Goalkeeper Ballboy/Waterboy
Football • Formal e.g. Offside rule • This is a rule that can be found in a rule book. • Informal e.g. swapping shirts • The way you are expected to behave. Examples of Rules
Football • The way the team is set out on the pitch • E.g. 4-4-2 • 3-5-2 • 4-2-4 Strategies
Football Tactics • The way in which you try to play to your opponents weakness whilst using your own strengths. • Decided before the game but can be changed during it. • E.g. Width in attack • Attacking players spread out • Opposition defence has to spread out • Defence is weaker • Creates space to play through the middle
Football • Speed (wingers) • Strength (strikers and defenders) • Suppleness (goalkeepers) • Stamina (all players) Aspects of fitness
Football Methods of Learning Skills • Gradual Build-up • When skills are practiced bit by bit. • Each practice gets more difficult with each stage you do. • E.g. Shooting • a dead ball into an open goal • A moving ball into an open goal • A moving ball into a goal with a keeper in it • A moving ball with a goalkeeper and a defender in front of the goal
Football Methods of Learning Skills • Whole-Part-Whole • The whole skill is shown. • Part of the skill is practiced. It is normally something the player finds difficult. • The whole skill is performed. • E.g. Playing the whole game • Volleys are a weakness • Partner feeds up ball • Performer volleys it into an open goal • Play full game again
Football • Warm-up • Before doing any activity you must warm-up. • Warm-up in 3 stages. • Start with gentle exercise to raise your body temperature and heart rate. • Do stretches to make sure you don’t get injured. • Practice skills e.g. shooting, passing, heading the ball. This helps you to prepare mentally and physically for the game.
Football • Techniques • How you perform a skill. e.g. Shooting; volley, half volley, overhead kick. e.g. Passing; through ball, cross, long ball. e.g. Tackling; slide, block.