Baccalaureate Nursing Degree • Kristen Hurd • Beth Wensel • Sara Henry • Elisha Chinnock • Melissa J. McLean
Goal of Nursing • “Generally speaking, nursing’s goal is to contribute to the overall goal of health care, that is, to promote the health of individuals and society” (Roy & Andrews, 1999, p. 54).
Baccalaureate Nursing • “The three major components of baccalaureate nursing education are liberal education, professional values, core competencies (critical thinking, communication, assessment, and technical skills), core knowledge and role development” (AACN 1998) (DeLaune & Ladner, 2002, p. 42).
Educational Site • A four year program • The academic setting is usually in colleges or universities
Curriculum Pre-Requisites • Biology • Chemistry • Composition • Math (College Algebra/Statistics) • General Nutrition • Anatomy and Physiology • Fine Arts Elective • *note that these are general classes and specific classes may vary from school to school
Nursing Classes • Clinical Experiences • ~ acute care hospitals • ~ extended care facilities • ~ community based health agencies • ~ residential outpatient psychiatric facilities
Nurse’s Role Quote: • “Put the patient in the best condition for nature to act upon him” (Nightingale, 1860).
Future Trends in Educational Preparation • Maturity and life experiences • Knowledge of computers and a broadening database • More autonomous • Possess leadership and management skills • http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov
Future Trends in Education • Distance learning • Increased flexibility • Community-based practice experiences • Increasing emphasis on nursing theories and research • Continuing education • Increased graduate education • Autonomy http://www.csubak.edu/
Salaries • Sign on bonuses up to $14,000 • Entry level salaries for staff nurses $30,000 - $45,000 (additional pay for evening, night, and weekend shifts) • “Benefit packages often include health insurance, vacation and holiday pay, college tuition reimbursement, childcare, flexible scheduling, and pension plans.” • http://www.nursesource.org/
The BSN Nurse • BSN prepared nurses have the greatest advancement opportunities • “ A BSN is preferred and often required for military nursing, case management, public health nursing, overseas/development nursing, forensic nursing, and school nursing.” • http://www.discovernursing.com/
Roles of a Nurse • When being determined for a job, a nurse is assessed by: • ~ experience with people they will be serving • ~ level of experience • ~ level of education and knowledge of clinical setting • “The number and competencies of clinical and non-clinical support staff the RN must collaborate with and supervise.” • http://www.nursingworld.org/
Roles of a Nurse (cont.) • “Measure of involvement in inter-disciplinary and collaborative activities regarding patient needs in which the nurse takes part.” • http://www.nursingworld.org/
The Future of Nursing • It is predicted that by the year 2010 nurses will no longer be able to meet the demand for their services. • Since nursing is a necessary force in health, this forecast posses a threat to our national health.
Some Contributing Factors to the Shortage • The ageing of nurses: • ~ the average age of currently employed RN’s are in their 40’s • ~ within 15 years, close to half the workforce will be at the age of retirement
Factors (cont.) • Baby Boomers • ~ within the next 30 years, the population size of those 65 and older is predicted to double • ~ by 2030, there is projected to be 70 million baby boomers in this age category
Nursing Enrollment Decline • Young people get discouraged by the already noticeable issues of managed care • A drop in BSN entry-level students wanting to enroll • In Fall 2000 there was a 2.1% drop
Future Possibilities • Universities, hospitals, and our government have recognized the great need for future nurses by setting up scholarships, grants, and other funds available to help encourage nursing potentials
References • Andrews, Heather A., & Roy, Sister Casllista. (1999). The Roy Adaptation Model. Stamford, CT: Appleton & Lange. • DeLaune, Sue C., & Ladner, Patricia K. (2002). Fundamentals of Nursing: Standards and Practice. Clifton Park, NY: Delmar. • www.aacn.nche.edu • www.csubak.edu • www.discovernursing.com • www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov • www.nursesource.org • www.nursingworld.org