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Baccalaureate Nursing Degree Kristen Hurd Beth Wensel Sara Henry Elisha Chinnock Melissa J. McLean Nurse Humor Goal of Nursing

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Baccalaureate Nursing Degree

  • Kristen Hurd

  • Beth Wensel

  • Sara Henry

  • Elisha Chinnock

  • Melissa J. McLean

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Goal of Nursing

  • “Generally speaking, nursing’s goal is to contribute to the overall goal of health care, that is, to promote the health of individuals and society” (Roy & Andrews, 1999, p. 54).

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Baccalaureate Nursing

  • “The three major components of baccalaureate nursing education are liberal education, professional values, core competencies (critical thinking, communication, assessment, and technical skills), core knowledge and role development” (AACN 1998) (DeLaune & Ladner, 2002, p. 42).

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Educational Site

  • A four year program

  • The academic setting is usually in colleges or universities

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Curriculum Pre-Requisites

  • Biology

  • Chemistry

  • Composition

  • Math (College Algebra/Statistics)

  • General Nutrition

  • Anatomy and Physiology

  • Fine Arts Elective

  • *note that these are general classes and specific classes may vary from school to school

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Nursing Classes

  • Clinical Experiences

  • ~ acute care hospitals

  • ~ extended care facilities

  • ~ community based health agencies

  • ~ residential outpatient psychiatric facilities

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Nurse’s Role Quote:

  • “Put the patient in the best condition for nature to act upon him” (Nightingale, 1860).

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Future Trends in Educational Preparation

  • Maturity and life experiences

  • Knowledge of computers and a broadening database

  • More autonomous

  • Possess leadership and management skills


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Future Trends in Education

  • Distance learning

  • Increased flexibility

  • Community-based practice experiences

  • Increasing emphasis on nursing theories and research

  • Continuing education

  • Increased graduate education

  • Autonomy

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  • Sign on bonuses up to $14,000

  • Entry level salaries for staff nurses $30,000 - $45,000 (additional pay for evening, night, and weekend shifts)

  • “Benefit packages often include health insurance, vacation and holiday pay, college tuition reimbursement, childcare, flexible scheduling, and pension plans.”


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The BSN Nurse

  • BSN prepared nurses have the greatest advancement opportunities

  • “ A BSN is preferred and often required for military nursing, case management, public health nursing, overseas/development nursing, forensic nursing, and school nursing.”


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Roles of a Nurse

  • When being determined for a job, a nurse is assessed by:

  • ~ experience with people they will be serving

  • ~ level of experience

  • ~ level of education and knowledge of clinical setting

  • “The number and competencies of clinical and non-clinical support staff the RN must collaborate with and supervise.”


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Roles of a Nurse (cont.)

  • “Measure of involvement in inter-disciplinary and collaborative activities regarding patient needs in which the nurse takes part.”


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The Future of Nursing

  • It is predicted that by the year 2010 nurses will no longer be able to meet the demand for their services.

  • Since nursing is a necessary force in health, this forecast posses a threat to our national health.

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Some Contributing Factors to the Shortage

  • The ageing of nurses:

  • ~ the average age of currently employed RN’s are in their 40’s

  • ~ within 15 years, close to half the workforce will be at the age of retirement

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Factors (cont.)

  • Baby Boomers

  • ~ within the next 30 years, the population size of those 65 and older is predicted to double

  • ~ by 2030, there is projected to be 70 million baby boomers in this age category

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Nursing Enrollment Decline

  • Young people get discouraged by the already noticeable issues of managed care

  • A drop in BSN entry-level students wanting to enroll

  • In Fall 2000 there was a 2.1% drop

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Future Possibilities

  • Universities, hospitals, and our government have recognized the great need for future nurses by setting up scholarships, grants, and other funds available to help encourage nursing potentials

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  • Andrews, Heather A., & Roy, Sister Casllista. (1999). The Roy Adaptation Model. Stamford, CT: Appleton & Lange.

  • DeLaune, Sue C., & Ladner, Patricia K. (2002). Fundamentals of Nursing: Standards and Practice. Clifton Park, NY: Delmar.