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APA Bibliography Format Tim Roufs. APA Bibliography Format (American Psychological Association). APA Bibliography Format. Follow APA conventions for documenting your work. If you took Comp 1120 College Writing at UMD you probably learned the MLA (Modern Language Association) format.

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apa bibliography format tim roufs

APA Bibliography FormatTim Roufs

APA Bibliography Format

(American Psychological Association)

slide2

APA Bibliography Format

Follow APA conventions for documenting your work.

If you took Comp 1120 College Writing at UMD you probably learned the MLA (Modern Language Association) format.

slide3

APA Bibliography Format

Use APA style rather than the ASA (American Sociological Association) format, unless you are already using ASA.

slide4

APA Bibliography Format

Your APA bibliography section should be called "References."

  • alphabetize
  • on a separate page
  • after the text of your document, but before any appendices or notes
  • number each page, continuing the numbering of the text
slide6

APA Bibliography Format

Whichever format you use, you need to include information on:

  • Author(s)
  • Publication Date
  • Title
  • Publication Information
    • place of publication
    • publisher
    • (sometimes) page numbers
slide7

APA Bibliography Format

Reference to a work with a single author:

Spencer, R. F. (1969). The north Alaskan Eskimo.

Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution Press.

(Original work Published in 1959)

slide8

APA Bibliography Format

Reference to a work with multiple authors:

Coleman, B., Frogner, E., & Eich, E. (1971). Ojibwa myths

and legends. Minneapolis: Ross and Haines.

slide9

APA Bibliography Format

Reference to a later edition of a work with multiple authors :

Hodges, J. C., & Whitten, M. E. (Eds.). (1986). Harbrace

college handbook (10th ed.). San Diego: Harcourt

Brace Jovanovich.

slide10

APA Bibliography Format

Reference to a book or report with a corporate author:

United States Department of Agriculture, Forest Service. (1986).

Record of decision: Final environmental impact statement,

land and resource management plan, Superior National

Forest. (USDA Publication No. 641- 110/20043).

Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

slide11

APA Bibliography Format

Reference to a government report with an unknown author not available from the

Government Printing Office:

Cultural status of the South African man-apes. (1955). In

Annual report of the Smithsonian Institution (pp. 318-

338). Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution.

slide12

APA Bibliography Format

A reference to part of a specific volume in a multi-volume work:

Durant, W., & Durant, A. (1961). The story of civilization:

Vol. 7. The age of reason begins (pp. 479-484). New

York: Simon and Schuster.

slide13

APA Bibliography Format

Reference to an unpublished manuscript:

Fleischman, W. A. (1978). Resident and non-resident owner

attitudes toward land use. Unpublished manuscript,

University of Minnesota Duluth, Center for Community

and Regional Studies, Duluth, MN.

slide14

APA Bibliography Format

Reference to an article in journal with continuous pagination throughout the annual volume:

Black, D. (1979). Common sense in the sociology of law.

American Sociological Review, 44, 18-27.

------------------------

If pagination is not continuous add the issue number in parentheses after the volume number:

Black, D. (1979). Common sense . . . , 44(6), 18-27.

slide15

APA Bibliography Format

Reference to an article from a monthly magazine:

Patterson, F. (1978, October). Conversations with a gorilla.

National Geographic, 438-465.

slide16

APA Bibliography Format

Reference to an article from a newspaper where the author is given and where pages are discontinuous:

Creedon, J. (1979, September 24). The Kosinski method.

Minnesota Daily, pp. 32, 34.

slide17

APA Bibliography Format

Reference to an article from a weekly magazine or weekly newspaper, with no author given:

Puzzling out man's ascent. (1977, November 7). Time, 64-69.

slide18

APA Bibliography Format

Reference to two works of the same author in the same year; arrange alphabetically by title, add a, b, c, etc.:

Davis, K. (1963a). Social demography. In B. Berelson (Ed.),

The behavioral sciences today (pp. 124-137). New York:

Basic.

Davis, K. (1963b). The theory of change and response in modern

demographic history. Population Index, 29, 345-366.

slide19

APA Bibliography Format

Reference to an article reprinted in a collection of works by different authors:

Carneiro, R. L. (1974). A theory of the origin of the

state. In Y. A. Cohen (Ed.), Man in adaptation (2nd

ed., pp. 417-426). Chicago: Aldine. (Reprinted from

Science, 1970, 169, 733-738)

slide20

APA Bibliography Format

Reference to a work in a collection of works by the same author:

Hallowell, A. I. (1955). The nature and function of

property as a social institution. In A. I. Hallowell,

Culture and experience (pp. 236-249). Philadelphia:

University of Pennsylvania Press. (Reprinted from

Journal of Legal and Political Sociology, 1943, 1,

115-138)

slide21

APA Bibliography Format

Reference to an unsigned article in a reference work:

Culture change. (1976). Encyclopedia of anthropology (pp.

97-98).

slide22

APA Bibliography Format

Reference to a letter to the editor:

Levy, M. M. (1979, September 24). [Letter to the editor].

Minnesota Daily, Sec. 1, p. 6.

slide23

APA Bibliography Format

Reference to a TV or radio program:

Downs, H. (Narrator). (1968, March 21). The first Americans

[TV Video]. New York: NBC News.

slide24

APA Bibliography Format

Reference to a film:

Gardner, R. G. (Director). (1964). Dead birds [Film].

Washington, DC: Harvard University, Peabody Museum,

Film Study Center.

slide25

APA Bibliography Format

Reference to a lecture:

Laundergan, J C. (2000, December 8). [Functional analysis

of social stratification.] Sociology 1100 class

lecture. University of Minnesota Duluth. Duluth, MN.

slide26

APA Bibliography Format

Reference to electronic citations:

Although most agree on the components for electronic citations, format standards are just emerging for citations from electronic media.

For citing WebSites the tendency seems to be to italicize (or underline) the title of the site, or, if there is no title, to include a description such as “Home Page,” but not underlined or italicized or in quotation marks.

slide27

APA Bibliography Format

Reference to electronic citations:

For the latest up-to-date information see:

Style Sheets for Citing Internet & Electronic Resources-- UC Berkeley - Teaching Library Internet Workshops

Electronic Reference Formats Recommended by the American Psychological Association-- APA

slide28

APA Bibliography Format

Reference to electronic citations:

  • Author's Last Name, Initial(s).
  • (Date of document). [if different from date accessed]
  • Title of document.
  • Title of complete work.[if applicable]
  • Version or File number. [if applicable]
  • (Edition or revision). [if applicable]
  • Protocol and address, access path, or directories.
  • (date of access).
slide29

APA Bibliography Format

Reference to an Unnamed WebSite:

Kim, A. Home page. 9 Oct. 1997. <http.//www.cohums.ohio

-state.edu/english/people/kim.1>.

slide30

APA Bibliography Format

Reference to a Named WebSite:

Burka, L. P. (1993). A hypertext history of multi-user

dimensions. MUD history. http://www.utopia.com/talent/

lpb/muddex/essay (2 Aug. 1996).

slide31

APA Bibliography Format

Reference to a WebSite by a Corporate Author:

Classical myth: The ancient sources. Dept. of Greek and Roman

Studies, U of Victoria. 28 Mar. 1998 <http://

www.wesleyan.edu/~cbays/homepage.html>.

slide32

APA Bibliography Format

Reference to an Online periodical:

Author, A. A., Author, B. B., & Author, C. C. (2000). Title of

article. Title of Periodical, xx, xxxxxx. Retrieved month

day, year, from source.

slide33

APA Bibliography Format

Reference to an Online periodical:

Browing, T. “Embedded Visuals: Student Design in Web

Spaces.” Kairos: A journal for teachers of writing 2.1

(1997). 9 Oct. 1999 http://english.ttu.edu/

kairos/current/toc.html>.

slide34

APA Bibliography Format

Reference to an Online periodical:

Zahn, M. “State’s Sex Offender Law: Is it working?”

Milwaukee journal sentinel online. 28 Mar. 1998.

<com/forums/sexoffender/0328sex.stm>.

slide35

APA Bibliography Format

Reference to E-mail, Discussion Lists, and Newsgroups:

Crump, E. Re: Preserving Writing. Alliance for Computers and

Writing listserv. acw-l@unicorn. acs.ttu.edu (31 Mar. 1995).

slide36

APA Bibliography Format

Reference to Online Reference Sources:

Fine arts. (1993). In E. D. Hirsch, Jr., J. F. Kett, & J. Trefil (Eds.),

Dictionary of cultural literacy. Boston: Houghton Mifflin.

INSO Corp. America Online. Reference Desk/

Dictionaries/Dictionary of Cultural Literacy (20 May

1996).

slide37

APA Bibliography Format

Reference to Software Programs:

ID Software. (1993). The ultimate doom. NY: GT Interactive

Software.

slide38

APA Bibliography Format

You no longer need to include words like "Inc.," "Publishers," "and Co., " "Company," "Ltd.," and "Limited" in your references section.

Thus, for example, refer simply to “St. Martin's” rather than “St. Martin's Press.”

There is one exception: with university presses, spell out the entire publisher (for example, "The University of Chicago Press").

apa bibliography format tim roufs1

APA Bibliography FormatTim Roufs

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APA Bibliography Format

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