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Notes on Drafts of Papers

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  1. Notes on Drafts of Papers

  2. Abstracts and References • See “What is an abstract?” on course web site • AEES Majors use APA format • All others use GSA format

  3. Conventions • Genus and species names should be italicized or underlined • E.g., Monograptus uniformis or Monograptus uniformis • Genus names are capitalized (u.c.); species names are not (l.c.) • Period and era are capitalized when used with a specific interval • E.g., Devonian Period or Paleozoic Era

  4. Grammar • “Being” is a noun; it is not a form of the verb “to be” • So, usage such as “this being the case” or “being that these fossils are found…” is INCORRECT! • Pronouns refer to the preceeding noun

  5. Grammar • What is wrong with this passage? • “The trilobites occur in association with symmetrical ripples. Frequently, they are missing their heads.” • Two things! • The pronoun “they” refers to the ripples, not the trilobites; ripples have no heads to be missing! • Frequently, carries a time connotation. It would be preferable to use “commonly”


  6. Grammar • When using “to try” with another verb, the correct form is: • “to try to do …” NOT “to try and do…” This is one action, not two.