Visual Signaling Techniques: • (1) Hand and arm signals. • (a) These are given while mounted - vehicle to vehicle, and dismounted - from ground to vehicle or ground to ground. Dismounted signals given from ground to vehicle are normally referred to as “Ground Guide” signals. • (b) These are used to communicate to either one element or to an entire unit.\
Visual Signaling Techniques: • (2) Flag signals. These are used in the same manner as hand and arm signals. • (3) Pyrotechnic signals. These are used, either mounted or dismounted, to communicate to an entire unit. • (4) Ground to air signals. These are used to guide helicopter(s) to a landing point.
Dismounted Visual Signals: • (1) Day ground guide signals. • (a) START ENGINES or PREPARE TO MOVE • (b) STOP ENGINE • (c) HALT or STOP • (e) MOVE FORWARD • (f) MOVE IN REVERSE (Backup) • (g) CHANGE DIRECTION
Dismounted Visual Signals: • (h) NEUTRAL STEER (Tracked Vehicles) • (i) INCREASE SPEED • (j) LIGHTS ON - Point index finger of both hands toward eyes. • (k) LIGHTS OFF • (l) CLOSE DISTANCE BETWEEN VEHICLES AND STOP • (m) RAISE RAMP • (n) LOWER RAMP
Night ground guide signals • Night ground guide signals are used during periods of darkness or limited visibility. Objects such as a flashlight with a filtered lens or a chemlight are normally used to give signals. Never use a bright light - it will give your position to the enemy.
Night ground guide signals • (a) START ENGINE • (b) HALT, STOP (moving vehicles), or STOP ENGINE (stationary vehicles) • (c) INCREASE SPEED • (d) TURN • (e) MOVE IN REVERSE (for vehicles which are not moving) or SLOW DOWN (for vehicles which are moving)
Rear ground guides Rear ground guides are always used when a vehicle is moving in reverse or neutral steering. • (b) The rear ground guide is in command of moving the vehicle when it is moving in reverse andwill give his visual signals according to the direction he wants the front of the vehicle to move.
Rear ground guides • (c) The front ground guide is responsible for relaying the signals given by the rear ground guide to the driver of the vehicle. • (d) When the rear ground guide is giving a command the front ground guide will create a mirror image of the rear ground guide’s signals. For example, when the rear ground guide is giving the command “Move in Reverse - Change Direction Left”:
Mounted Visual Signals: • (1) Mounted visual signals are used to control movement and give warning to either an entire unit or a platoon size or larger element within the unit. • (2) Track commanders execute the signals to communicate messages between vehicles. • (3) When an action or movement is to be executed by less than the total unit, the signaler will point, if necessary, toward the elements of a unit as an “alert” that a signal will follow. However, when a movement or action is to be executed by the entire unit the proper signal should be preceded by the signal “Attention”.
Mounted Visual Signals: • (4) Signals are performed by “hand and arm” signals or by the use of flags. • (5) Hand and arm signals to direct combat formations.
Mounted Visual Signals: • (a) COIL • (b) HERRINGBONE • (a) CONTACT LEFT • (b) CONTACT RIGHT • (c) ACTION LEFT • (d) ACTION RIGHT • (g) AIR ATTACK • (h) NBC ATTACK
Hand and arm signals to initiate movement techniques. • (a) TRAVELING • (b) TRAVELING OVERWATCH • (c) BOUNDING OVERWATCH or COVER MY MOVE • (d) MOVE TO LEFT • (e) MOVE TO RIGHT
Hand and arm signals to control vehicle • (a) ATTENTION • (b) I AM READY or READY TO MOVE. ARE YOU READY? • (c) MOUNT • (d) DISMOUNT or TAKE A PRONE POSITION • (e) DISREGARD PREVIOUS COMMAND or AS YOU WERE
Hand and arm signals to control vehicle • (f) I DO NOT UNDERSTAND • (g) ADVANCE or MOVE OUT • (h) OPEN UP • (i) CLOSE UP • (j) RIGHT/LEFT TURN - • (k) BUTTON UP • (l) UNBUTTON • (m) MESSAGE ACKNOWLEDGED
Flag signals • Flag signals are used to communicate messages between vehicles over distances which are to great to use standard hand and arm signals. The use of flags must be strictly monitored to prevent the enemy from detecting your position.
Flag signals • (a) MOUNT - With the • (b) DISMOUNT • (c) DISMOUNT AND ASSAULT • (d) ASSEMBLE or CLOSE. • (e) MOVE OUT • (f) NBC HAZARD PRESENT.