Citizenship in the Early Republic. TAH Institute December 7, 2010. 14th Amendment.
December 7, 2010
3) Social: composed of the whole range form the right to a modicum of economic welfare and security to the right to share to the full in the social heritage and to live the life of a civilized being according to standards prevailing in society.
Colonies to supply raw materials and markets for goods
Paying for imperialism
Sugar Act; Stamp Act; Coercive ActMercantalism
.."Civil interest I call life, liberty, health, and indolency of body; and the possession of outward things...”
--John Locke Second Treatise
But where says some is the King of America? I'll tell you Friend, he reigns above, and doth not make havoc of mankind like the Royal Brute of Britain...let it be brought forth placed on the divine law, the word of God; let a crown be placed thereon, by which the world may know, that so far as we approve of monarchy, that in America THE LAW IS KING.
John Locke, Concerning Civil Government, 1693, second essay, Ch. 19
Prudence, indeed, will dictate that Governments long established should not be changed for light and transient causes; and accordingly all experience hath shown, that mankind are more disposed to suffer, while evils are sufferable, than to right themselves by abolishing the forms to which they are accustomed. But when a long train of abuses and usurpations, pursuing invariably the same Object evinces a design to reduce them under absolute Despotism, it is their right, it is their duty, to throw off such Government, and to provide new Guards for their future security.
Thomas Jefferson Declaration of Independence, 1776
Harkening back to classic times, It called for the purity of character and public good, a utopian vision. To restore the simplicity, harmony and homogeneity of the social order
Radicalism: Sought “to destroy the bonds holding together the older monarchical society – kinship, patriarchy, and patronage – and to put in their place new social bonds of love, respect, and consent. Civic virtue would bind people in new kinds of relationships.” --Gordon Wood
Rule by “enlightened elected officials” not monarchy
Property owning men of virtue
Aligned with Country Party of Great BritainRepublicanism
…“it is ridiculous to think that every silly clown and illiterate mechanic deserves a voice in government.”
Individual Rights of mankind: life, liberty, property
Protection from state interference in private life
Right to Rebellion
Men used their power to make laws that establish “a great inequality between the sexes.”
Education would bring equality
“Perhaps you will find this discussion too long: but think that it is about the rights of half of human beings, rights forgotten by all the legislators; that it is not useless even for the liberty of men to indicate the means of destroying the single objection which would be made to republics, and to make between them and states which are not free a real difference.”Marquis de Condorcet
“The good son, the good father, the good husband, that constitute the good citizen.”…
“To oblige us, to do us service, to gain our love and esteem, these are the duties of the sex at all times, and what they ought to learn from their infancy.”…“ Women is framed particularly for the delight and pleasure of man.. Her violence consists in her charm”
Attack on Plato’s critique of social roles based on genderJean-Jaques Rousseau
No property, contract, independent occupation, legal suit
Economic dependence as political dependenceCoveture
Materially, the autonomy and freedom of the citizen were made possible by labor (often involuntary) of non-autonomous wives, slaves, children, servants and employees
Attack on patriarchy…incomplete Revolution
Abigail Adams, 1776“Remember the Ladies”