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Global Nutrition The ugly Where are we now? Stuffed & starved We keep doing whatwe knowdoesn’t work? The bad How did we get here? The good It wasn’t an accident Can anything help? Yes We are part of the problem We know what works? Where are we headed? We have a roadmap to a world without hunger Most of you will see hunger in museums!
1 billion hungry (800m); 1 billion overweight Nothing in text Minefield Experts are blind
Where to find information? Yunus Muhammad - Creating a world without poverty Jeffrey Sachs - The end of poverty Dambisa Moyo - Dead Aid (she’s against aid to the poor) Frances Moore Lappé - Diet for a Small Planet Raj Patel - Stuffed & Starved Paul Collier - Bottom Billion Loaned $76 to poor– Nobel Prize in 2006 Voice for poorest of poor. Prev World Bank trouble-shooter “Creates dependence” Goldman-Sachs 2001-) If any game of chance such unequal results Rules of economics rob the most needy of food Economist: discovery of resources is the worst!
Quick quiz – two of the following are T TF In the poor nations almost everyone is hungry; in the remainder almost everyone gets an adequate diet TF Worldwide, more people have their lives shortened by overeating than by starvation TF When poor nations now find a place on the ladder of development, they develop slower than rich nations did when they enjoyed their phase of development? TF Most Canadian specialists in global health understand how the distribution of poverty & hunger are changing? TF Health & nutrition benefits are possible only after economic development occurs TF People in regions of extreme hunger & poverty desperately need money TF 50% of children in the US are currently so poor that they must rely on charity for their meals?
Quick answers F In some nations hunger is the norm; in the remainder, an adequate diet is the norm T Worldwide, more people have their lives shortened by overeating than by starvation F In the present era, when poor nations find a place on the ladder of development, they develop slowly compared with the rich nations in their phase of development? F Most Canadian specialists in global health understand the how the distribution of poverty and hunger are changing? F Health & nutrition benefits inevitably occurs after economic development rather than before F People in regions of extreme hunger & poverty desperately need money T 50% of children in the US are currently so poor that they must rely on charity for their meals?
Should you care? The world produces enough food for everyone, yet some have much less than they need while others have much more than they need George W Bush: “Terrorism is rooted in the frustration of people pushed by oppression beyond the point of endurance” Southern Africa is a microcosm SFU Senate We are ethical beings. We want our lives to count Yunus
Roadmap to a world without hunger- where are we?-what’s happening?what works & what doesn’t?
Innovations that makes a difference The Millennium Development Goals Grameen family of social enterprises The Millennium Village project The Kings of Philanthropy Influential voices for change … Web resources & GHEC Scientists & students who are making a difference You! ... Don’t believe 1 person can make a difference … $7 can deliver an insecticide treated mosquito net MGH students
Roadmap to a world without hunger The big lie: “Aid doesn’t work” 20 nations pledged 1974 to donate 0.7% of GNP to Aid. “No benefit! 1 billion are still starving” Truth: can you guess? Only 4 nations delivered! 22 renewed pledge 2001 Broke it again in 2002 4+2 nations did meet pledge: 800m now starving was 1600m ⇒800m spared!! Well done? No! :^( US pays < ¼of promise Canada < ½ To a few: “well done”. To many: “800m still to go”
Misconceptions about aid ... Ottawa, Washington, World Bank, WTO, free traders False: “Most of the aid money goes into the Swiss bank a/c’s of corrupt African dictators” “Aid creates dependence & impedes self-sufficiency” “Despite all the aid $, problems are getting worse” & “It’s their own fault” The truth: Very few leaders are corrupt by ... Well planned aid targets capacity-building & self-sufficiency Most MDGs are being met, to the extent that rich countries honour their commitments. Blaming the bonsai tree. ...US standards: when they are, bribes come from where?
“Let’s put hunger in the museums” Yunus Muhammad Is this just a pipe-dream? 1974: 1,600,000,000 extremepoverty & hunger 2008: 800,000,000 Hans Rosling Global Health statistician Talk to US State Department 2009 HD the evidenceusing gapminder Above $2 per day microcredit, below $1 emergency aid