Download
populations n.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Populations PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Populations

Populations

156 Views Download Presentation
Download Presentation

Populations

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

  1. Populations Unit 2: Ecology

  2. Populations • Population—a group of individuals of the same species that live in the same area.

  3. Characteristics • 3 characteristics of a population: • Geographic Distribution • Density • Growth Rate

  4. Geographic Distribution • Geographic Distribution is often determined by availability of resources.

  5. Population Density • Population Density—the number of individuals per unit of area.

  6. Factors Affecting Population Size • Number of births • Number of deaths • Immigration and Emigration

  7. Migration • Immigration—movement of individuals into an area that has an existing population • Emigration—movement of individuals out of a population

  8. Types of Growth • Exponential • Logistic

  9. Exponential Growth • Exponential Growth—(also called J curve) occurs when population grows at a constant rate.

  10. Exponential Growth • Under ideal conditions with unlimited resources, a population will grow exponentially. • Exponential growth does not continue in natural populations for long because resources are limited.

  11. Logistic Growth • Logistic Growth— (also called S curve) occurs when a population’s growth slows or stops following a period of exponential growth.

  12. Carrying Capacity • The maximum number of organisms of a particular species that can be supported by the environment. • If the population is larger than the carrying capacity, the death rate may rise.

  13. Resources • Renewable Resources—a resource that can regenerate quickly and that is replaceable. • Examples: sunlight, trees, etc… • Nonrenewable Resources—a resource that cannot be replenished by natural processes. • Example: fossil fuels

  14. Limiting Factors • Limiting Factor—a factor that causes population growth to decrease. • Most of the time the limiting factor is a resource in insufficient supply.

  15. Limiting Factors • Density-dependent limiting factor • factor that only limits growth of a population when the population density reaches a certain level (overcrowded). • Examples: competition, predation, parasitism, and disease

  16. Limiting Factors • Density-independent limiting factors • these limit growth regardless of the population size. • Examples: unusual weather, natural disasters, seasonal cycles, and human activities