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Zhou Dynasty

Zhou Dynasty. By: Haley Hernandez Jarrett Sippola Jim Edgar Lauren Turner Sara Cody Will Gordy. Human Environment Interactions. Shang and Zhou Dynasties coexisted with each other being friendly at times, but warring with them at others

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Zhou Dynasty

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  1. Zhou Dynasty By: Haley Hernandez Jarrett Sippola Jim Edgar Lauren Turner Sara Cody Will Gordy

  2. Human EnvironmentInteractions • Shang and Zhou Dynasties coexisted with each other being friendly at times, but warring with them at others • In the mid 11th century fighting broke out between the two for almost three years before the Zhou established their rule over all of China • The original Zhou capital was near present day Xi’an • To support the empire in the east and its other rulers, an eastern capital was built at Luoayong • Empire • Because of the large area of the Zhou dynasty it was split up into territories • Territories were walled of cities • Each territory had its own lord who was appointed by inheritance • Then in social classes came the fighting men followed by the peasants and slaves • Zhou was based on agricultural production which was done mostly by the peasants • These territories rebelled and defeated the original Zhou capital but from the east capital they fortified their military and political control over the territories • During this time when the Zhou Dynasty became much stronger was during the Iron Age, bringing improved irrigation techniques in turn bringing greater populations • The Zhou became unstable when it expanded into areas of non-china with the rise of these territories within the Zhou Dynasty • The Zhou Dynasty fell in anarchy and collapsed in the late 5th century

  3. Politics Emperor Wen: founder of the Zhou Dynasty • 1122 – 256 B.C.E. • Emperor rules by mandate of heaven, the belief that dynasties will rise and fall according to the will of heaven, or the ancestors • Emperor • lived in the forbidden city (away from all others) • in full control but bound by duty • had few slaves • “The Son of Heaven” • Political authority controlled by Confucian values • Zhou Philosophy • Concept of heaven emerged • Universal force • Chose the emperor to rule (moral force) • If the emperor was evil, heaven would send natural disasters as a warning. If he didn’t heed the warnings then heaven would withdraw its mandate. Social and political order would break down and there would be a revolution.

  4. Culture • Technology • Silk from silk worms • Iron (instead of bronze) • Copper for coins • Acupuncture • Horseback communication • Chariots and mounted cavalry • Architecture • Irregular walls of rammed earth for defense • Used earth and timber for many buildings • Some multistory buildings • Starting of Chinese bracketing system • Replaced roof tiles with thatch • Started using bricks • Science • Gan and Shi’s Astronomy Book • Mo Jing (physics, MoZi) • Art • Silk paintings • Murals • Musical instruments were still developing

  5. Economics • “Ceremonial Lords of the Kingdoms” • Warfare between territories • Lost control of some territories in 700 B.C.E. • Legalism - strict adherence, or the principle of strict adherence, to law or prescription, especially to the letter rather than the spirit. • 4th century B.C.E. • Agriculture • Peasants planted crops • Planted crops in a square and the peasant’s crops would be planted on the outside and the emperor’s crops were on the inside • Zhou society was based on agriculture

  6. Social • First dynasty to unite most of China under a single government • Divided into two parts: Western Zhou and Eastern Zhou • Western Zhou • Semi-nomadic clan • Peasants • were physically separated from other classes • Key element • Had supportive functions (sewing, reaping, etc.) • Zhou rulers were the nobles with family names, and they practiced ancestor worship • Eastern Zhou • Also known as the E.Z. period • The decline of ancient forms of religion began and the transformation into Confucianism and Daoism started • The uniqueness of China’s recorded history began • Collection of documents

  7. Resources http://library.thinkquest.org/12255/library/dynasty/zhou.html http://www.thenagain.info/WebChron/China/Zhou.html http://www.hyperhistory.net/apwh/essays/cot/t3w10zhoudynasty.htm www.chinatour360.com http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/114678/Zhou-dynasty http://library.thinkquest.org/12255/library/dynasty/zhou.html

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