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Government Forms in Ancient Greece. Polis, Phalanx, Government Types. Polis. Means city-state Main political unit in Ancient Greece - independent polis Made up of the city, surrounding countryside (farms for food), and smaller villages

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government forms in ancient greece

Government Forms in Ancient Greece

Polis, Phalanx, Government Types

polis
Polis
  • Means city-state
  • Main political unit in Ancient Greece- independent polis
  • Made up of the city, surrounding countryside (farms for food), and smaller villages
  • Usually consisted of 100-500 square feet and 10-20,000 peoples
armies
Armies
  • Phalanx- Greek army formation
  • Stood side by side with a shield and a spear, worked together as a single unit
  • Made the Ancient Greeks formidable armies despite smaller populations
  • Hoplites- foot soldiers
    • Used ordinary citizens as soldiers
    • All men expected to serve
variety
Variety
  • Each Polis had it’s own type and form of government
  • Different Polis experimented with new forms of governments
  • Result- many new forms of government’s arise in Greece
monarchy
Monarchy
  • State ruled by a King
  • Rule is hereditary (son or relative of king would take over when they die)
  • Many rulers claimed divine right
  • Divine Right- the king has been chosen or approved by the Gods
  • Examples/ Mycenae
aristocracy
Aristocracy
  • State ruled by the nobility (wealthy, elites)
  • Rule is hereditary (passed on by family) and based on land ownership and wealth
  • Social status enforces their rule
  • Example/ Athens (594 BC)
oligarchy
Oligarchy
  • State ruled by a small group of citizens
  • Rule is based on wealth
  • Ruling group controls military
  • Example/ Sparta (800-600 BC)
democracy
Democracy
  • State ruled by its citizens
  • Rule is based on citizenship
  • Issues are voted on and majority rules
  • Example/ Athens (460 BC)