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Ford and Carter Years . U.S. History 11. Gerald Ford. Comes into the presidency after Watergate had scarred the publics faith in government Suffering from most severe economic problems since the Great Depression Most known for pardoning Nixon

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ford and carter years

Ford and Carter Years

U.S. History 11

gerald ford
Gerald Ford
  • Comes into the presidency after Watergate had scarred the publics faith in government
  • Suffering from most severe economic problems since the Great Depression
  • Most known for pardoning Nixon
    • Meant to heal the wounds, but had the opposite effect
  • “Stagflation”- inflation, even though the economy wasn’t getting better
ford foreign policy
Ford Foreign Policy
  • Helsinki Accords- put the nations of Europe on record in favor of human rights
  • SALT II- limit nuclear arms production
  • Cambodian Genocide- U.S. did not intervene
  • South Vietnam falls to North Vietnam, becoming completely communist
jimmy carter
Jimmy Carter
  • Considered a “Washington Outsider”
    • Very inexperienced, had no party ties
  • Wanted image of “citizens’ president”
  • Granted amnesty (political pardons) of draft evaders
    • Help nation move beyond the issue
    • Also, had the opposite effect for many
  • Dealt with continued recession, oil crisis
carter foreign policy
Carter Foreign Policy
  • 1979- USSR invaded Afghanistan
    • U.S. withdrew SALT II and imposed sanctions on the Soviets (including U.S. boycott of the 1980 Summer Olympics in Moscow)
  • Developing countries- focus on expanding human rights
    • Work with countries who treated their citizens well
  • Cuba lifts ban on travel to U.S.—with a catch
  • Returned the Panama Canal Zone to Panama
the middle east
The Middle East
  • Camp David Accords
    • Carter negotiated a historic peace agreement between Israel and Egypt
  • Iran Hostage Crisis
    • U.S. supported the Shah (emperor) of Iran
    • 70’s opposition to the Shah in Iran grew
    • Ayatollah Khomeini took power
    • Carter allowed the Shah to enter the U.S.
    • Iranian radicals invaded the U.S. Embassy and took 66 American hostages
iran hostage crisis cont
Iran Hostage Crisis (cont.)
  • Held from November 4, 1979 to January 20, 1981 (444 days)
  • The episode reached a climax when, after failed attempts to negotiate a release, the United States military attempted a rescue operation
    • On April 24, 1980, Operation Eagle Claw resulted in a failed mission, the deaths of eight American servicemen, one Iranian civilian, and the destruction of two aircraft.
iran hostage crisis cont1
Iran Hostage Crisis (cont.)
  • On July 27, 1980, the former Shah died
  • In September, Iraq invaded Iran
    • These two events led the Iranian government to enter negotiations with the U.S.
  • The hostages were formally released into United States custody the day after the signing of the Algiers Accords, just minutes after Ronald Reagan was sworn into office
clip from argo
Clip from Argo
  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_6RGeqNFaQM
  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qyLFFnvBORg