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Creatures of the Sea
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  1. Creatures of the Sea Created by: Deborah Lawrence Mythology of the Ocean Giant Sea Animals Transparent Aquatic Life Protect our Seas

  2. Mermaid Mythology Mermaids: • Enchant sailors with singing and music, distracting them from their work often causing fatal accidents • Feared by sailors because they are considered a sign of bad luck • Various cultures have similar figures

  3. Manatee and Dugongs often mistaken for mermaids prior to mid 19th century

  4. 18th and 19th c. Edo Japan • Japanese fishermen crafted mermaids for sideshow carnivals by stitching the upper bodies of monkeys onto the bodies of fish

  5. Giant Squid Mythology • Called Kraken • Thought to attack • ships and eat sailors • whole • Part Octopus, • Crab, Squid, and • Cuttlefish

  6. Mythology of Sea Serpents What makes sea serpent sightings different from other mysterious creatures? • Number of sightings (especially in 18th & 19th centuries) • Sightings have been made by multiple people at once for • sustained periods of time

  7. Modern Giants of the Sea Squid Sharks Whales Jellyfish

  8. Sharks • Sense a drop of blood from 2.5 miles away • Can go up to at least 6 weeks without feeding

  9. The NotoriousGreat White The largest meat-eating shark, growing up to 21 feet long

  10. Great White Sharks: Man-Eaters? • Responsible for few human fatalities and usually do not target humans as prey • Sharks attack surfers because their silhouettes look like seals • Many attacks occur in waters with low visibility, or when the shark's senses are impaired

  11. The Largest Shark: the Whale Shark • Grows up to 50 ft long • Eats plankton, crustaceans and small fish

  12. Whales • Whales are mammals, not fish • The loudest animals in the world – their underwater sounds can travel great distances Click on whale for video

  13. Blue Whales Often 100 ft in length, blue whales are the largest animals that have ever lived on earth – they are even larger than dinosaurs!

  14. Giant Squids: The world’s largest invertebrates… suspected to reach up to 60 ft in length! • Giant Squid captured for the 1st time in 2006 • 24-ft long • Died from injuries sustained during the capture

  15. Giant Jellyfish Bodies are made up of 95% water, they have no bones or cartilage, no heart or blood, and no brain

  16. Transparent Marine Life • Transparency is an important method of camouflage • Can also be a means of predatory animals tricking others

  17. Transparent SalpaAspera • Can multiply into swarms under the right conditions • The brown spot is the salp's stomach

  18. Transparent Siphonophores Are extremely fragile and can break apart in nets or by mere illumination

  19. TransparentCtenophore Even if half of the creature is destroyed, often the remaining half can rebuild itself Capableof regeneration

  20. Protect Our Seas Habitat destruction is caused by: • Destructive fishing activity • Coastal real estate development • Pollution • Dredging ship channels Save my home

  21. Protect Our Seas 5 Simple ways to Preserve the Ocean: • Stop eating seafood. … OR … Learn how to practice sustainability – When dining or shopping for fish carry a sustainable seafood wallet guide available from www.blueocean.org • Vote.Vote for candidates who support marine conservation • Do not pollute. Keep beaches clean and use environmentally friendly cleaning agents • Shop smartly. Don’t purchase items that exploit marine resources unnecessarily • Teach children to respect nature and the environment For more information visit: http://www.marinebio.org/Oceans/Conservation/local.asp