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The Great Depression and The New Deal. The Economy- trouble in paradise The Crash of 1929 Causes of the Depression The Hoover Years FDR and the New Deal The First 100 Days. 1920s Prosperity. Telephone in use doubled. 1920s Prosperity. Telephone in use doubled

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the great depression and the new deal
The Great Depression and The New Deal
  • The Economy- trouble in paradise
  • The Crash of 1929
  • Causes of the Depression
  • The Hoover Years
  • FDR and the New Deal
  • The First 100 Days
1920s prosperity
1920s Prosperity
  • Telephone in use doubled
1920s prosperity3
1920s Prosperity
  • Telephone in use doubled
  • Plastics, rayon, and cellophane available
1920s prosperity4
1920s Prosperity
  • Telephone in use doubled
  • Plastics, rayon, and cellophane available
  • New Products: cigarette lighters, reinforced concrete, dry ice…and pyrex
1920s prosperity5
1920s Prosperity
  • Telephone in use doubled
  • Plastics, rayon, and cellophane available
  • New Products: cigarette lighters, reinforced concrete, dry ice…and pyrex
  • More leisure time and paid vacations
inequality of the wealth in the 1920s7
Inequality of the Wealth in the 1920s
  • Real wages increased 21%
  • But corporate dividends went up 66%
inequality of the wealth in the 1920s8
Inequality of the Wealth in the 1920s
  • Real wages increased 21%
  • But corporate dividends went up 66%
  • Richest 5% of population increased its share of the wealth from 1/4 to 1/3
inequality of the wealth in the 1920s9
Inequality of the Wealth in the 1920s
  • Real wages increased 21%
  • But corporate dividends went up 66%
  • Richest 5% of population increased its share of the wealth from 1/4 to 1/3
  • And the richest 1% controlled 20% of all income in the nation
inequality of the wealth in the 1920s10
Inequality of the Wealth in the 1920s
  • Real wages increased 21%
  • But corporate dividends went up 66%
  • Richest 5% of population increased its share of the wealth from 1/4 to 1/3
  • And the richest 1% controlled 20% of all income in the nation
  • 16 million lived below poverty level of $2000
the stock market crash12
The Stock Market Crash
  • 1924- 100
  • 1925- 181
  • 1927- 245
  • 1928- 331
  • September 1929- peaked at 452 then started to fall
  • October 1929- ended up at 224
some causes of the great depression15
Some Causes of the Great Depression
  • Overproduction and underconsumption
some causes of the great depression16
Some Causes of the Great Depression
  • Overproduction and underconsumption
  • Inequality of wealth
some causes of the great depression17
Some Causes of the Great Depression
  • Overproduction and underconsumption
  • Inequality of wealth
  • Overextension of credit
some causes of the great depression18
Some Causes of the Great Depression
  • Overproduction and underconsumption
  • Inequality of wealth
  • Overextension of credit
  • The Smoot-Hawley Tariff
some causes of the great depression19
Some Causes of the Great Depression
  • Overproduction and underconsumption
  • Inequality of wealth
  • Overextension of credit
  • The Smoot-Hawley Tariff
  • A series of natural disasters- The Dust Bowl
hoover s approach to the depression
Hoover’s approach to the Depression
  • Top down- give money to businesses and banks, to create jobs (trickle-down economics)
roosevelt and the new deal
Roosevelt and the New Deal
  • The 100 Days
  • The National Recovery Act (NRA)
  • The Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA)
  • The Safety Net
  • Nine Old Men- The court-packing scheme
  • Keynes and Deficit Spending
  • The New Deal Reassessed
the three r s of the new deal28
The Three “R”s of the New Deal
  • Relief of Human suffering
the three r s of the new deal29
The Three “R”s of the New Deal
  • Relief of Human suffering
  • Recovery of the Economy
the three r s of the new deal30
The Three “R”s of the New Deal
  • Relief of Human suffering
  • Recovery of the Economy
  • Reform (to prevent it from happening again)
the new deal the 100 days32
The New DealThe 100 days
  • A Bank “Holiday”
  • Emergency Relief Banking Act- Created the FDIC
the new deal the 100 days33
The New DealThe 100 days
  • A Bank “Holiday”
  • Emergency Relief Banking Act- Created the FDIC
  • Civilian Conservation Corps
the new deal the 100 days34
The New DealThe 100 days
  • A Bank “Holiday”
  • Emergency Relief Banking Act- Created the FDIC
  • Civilian Conservation Corps
  • Federal Emergency Relief Act (FERA)
the new deal the 100 days35
The New DealThe 100 days
  • A Bank “Holiday”
  • Emergency Relief Banking Act- Created the FDIC
  • Civilian Conservation Corps
  • Federal Emergency Relief Act (FERA)
  • Agricultural Adjustment Act (AAA)
the new deal the 100 days36
The New DealThe 100 days
  • A Bank “Holiday”
  • Emergency Relief Banking Act- Created the FDIC
  • Civilian Conservation Corps
  • Federal Emergency Relief Act (FERA)
  • Agricultural Adjustment Act (AAA)
  • Home-owners Loan Corp. (HOLC)
the new deal the 100 days37
The New DealThe 100 days
  • A Bank “Holiday”
  • Emergency Relief Banking Act- Created the FDIC
  • Civilian Conservation Corps
  • Federal Emergency Relief Act (FERA)
  • Agricultural Adjustment Act (AAA)
  • Home-owners Loan Corp. (HOLC)
  • Civil Works Agency (CWA)
national recovery act39
National Recovery Act
  • Price fixing and codes of fair competition
national recovery act40
National Recovery Act
  • Price fixing and codes of fair competition
  • Minimum wages and maximum hours
national recovery act41
National Recovery Act
  • Price fixing and codes of fair competition
  • Minimum wages and maximum hours
  • Section 7a- Gave organized labor right to organize and bargain collectively
national recovery act42
National Recovery Act
  • Price fixing and codes of fair competition
  • Minimum wages and maximum hours
  • Section 7a- Gave organized labor right to organize and bargain collectively
  • The Public Works Administration (PWA) spent $4 billion on 34,000 projects
the tennessee valley authority45
The Tennessee Valley Authority
  • Conservation
  • Govt. entered power-producing business
the tennessee valley authority46
The Tennessee Valley Authority
  • Conservation
  • Govt. entered power-producing business
  • Served as a yardstick to see if private utilities were charging too much
the tennessee valley authority47
The Tennessee Valley Authority
  • Conservation
  • Govt. entered power-producing business
  • Served as a yardstick to see if private utilities were charging too much
  • Produced Cheap Electricity
the tennessee valley authority48
The Tennessee Valley Authority
  • Conservation
  • Govt. entered power-producing business
  • Served as a yardstick to see if private utilities were charging too much
  • Produced Cheap Electricity
  • Provided full employment for poor area
the social security act of 193550
The Social Security Act of 1935
  • Unemployment Insurance
the social security act of 193551
The Social Security Act of 1935
  • Unemployment Insurance
  • Plan for old-age pensions
the social security act of 193552
The Social Security Act of 1935
  • Unemployment Insurance
  • Plan for old-age pensions
  • Provisions made for disabled and dependents
john meynard keynes
John Meynard Keynes
  • British economist who advocated massive deficit spending by the government to jump start the economy (Keynsian Economics)
criticism of the new deal55
Criticism of the New Deal
  • Creeping Socialism
criticism of the new deal56
Criticism of the New Deal
  • Creeping Socialism
  • Wasteful
criticism of the new deal57
Criticism of the New Deal
  • Creeping Socialism
  • Wasteful
  • Encouraged planned deficit spending
criticism of the new deal58
Criticism of the New Deal
  • Creeping Socialism
  • Wasteful
  • Encouraged planned deficit spending
  • Made people lazy
criticism of the new deal59
Criticism of the New Deal
  • Creeping Socialism
  • Wasteful
  • Encouraged planned deficit spending
  • Made people lazy
  • Government had gotten too large
criticism of the new deal60
Criticism of the New Deal
  • Creeping Socialism
  • Wasteful
  • Encouraged planned deficit spending
  • Made people lazy
  • Government had gotten too large
  • Said FDR was pampering labor unions
criticism of the new deal61
Criticism of the New Deal
  • Creeping Socialism
  • Wasteful
  • Encouraged planned deficit spending
  • Made people lazy
  • Government had gotten too large
  • Said FDR was pampering labor unions
  • Failure to end the Depression
new deal sucesses64
New Deal Sucesses
  • Relief
  • FDR probably saved capitalism by staving off a possible revolution
new deal sucesses65
New Deal Sucesses
  • Relief
  • FDR probably saved capitalism by staving off a possible revolution
  • Provided a stable government
new deal sucesses66
New Deal Sucesses
  • Relief
  • FDR probably saved capitalism by staving off a possible revolution
  • Provided a stable government
  • Provided the foundations for the modern welfare state- the Safety Net !