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Forest of Bowland AONB Climate Change Adaptation Plan . Wednesday 13 th July 2011. Nikki van Dijk, Atkins . Overview of presentation . Context of Forest of Bowland Adaptation Action Plan Overview of method Summary of more vulnerable assets Adaptation action plan Strategic actions

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forest of bowland aonb climate change adaptation plan

Forest of Bowland AONB Climate Change Adaptation Plan

  • Wednesday 13th July 2011
  • Nikki van Dijk, Atkins
overview of presentation
Overview of presentation
  • Context of Forest of Bowland Adaptation Action Plan
  • Overview of method
  • Summary of more vulnerable assets
  • Adaptation action plan
    • Strategic actions
    • Specific actions
  • Next steps
context
Context
  • Natural England Character Area Climate Change Project
  • Natural England North West Region vulnerability assessment
  • NCA assessments
  • Forest of Bowland AONB
overview of method

Step 3: Assess the vulnerability of assets

Step 1: Identify landscape character, ecosystem services and biodiversity

Overview of method

Step 2: Identify assets that contribute to landscape character, ecosystem services and biodiversity

Step 4: Summarise implications of vulnerability assessment for landscape character, ecosystem services and biodiversity

Step 5: Identify possible adaptation options

Step 6: Screen options for multiple benefits or negative side effects

definitions
Definitions
  • Landscape Character Types – FoB landscape character assessment
  • Ecosystem services – Millennium Ecosystem Assessment
      • Provisioning e.g. food, timber, energy and water
      • Regulating e.g. climate regulation, water purification
      • Supporting e.g. soil formation, pollination
      • Cultural e.g. recreation, sense of place

http://www.forestofbowland.com/landscape_character

vulnerability
Vulnerability

Exposure

Sensitivity

+

+

Potential impact

Adaptive capacity

- /+

Vulnerability

adaptation action plan
Adaptation action plan
  • Two types of action identified
      • Strategic actions - high-level, reduce vulnerability across whole AONB
      • Specific actions - apply to specific assets, landscape character types or ecosystem services
  • ‘Dip-in’ resource for practitioners

http://www.forestofbowland.com/climatechange#adaptation

strategic actions
Strategic actions
  • Increase area and connectivity of semi-natural habitats
  • Promote environmental heterogeneity
  • Where possible, adopt adaptive management approaches
  • Seek to reduce sources of harm and pressure not linked to climate change
strategic actions continued
Strategic actions (continued)
  • Monitor assets
  • Review management plans to take account of climate change
  • Ensure current agreements are enforced and plans are adhered to
  • Opportunities for adaptation within the spatial planning agenda
specific actions uplands
Specific actions - uplands
  • Return semi-improved rough pasture and grass moorland to upland heath communities, where appropriate
  • Restore areas of eroded and exposed peat
  • Encourage appropriate levels, cycles and types of stocking
  • Review heather burning plans
  • Monitor peat depth
  • Plant new woodlands, extend and connect existing woodlands
  • Create and extend upland hay meadows
  • Review soil management plans
specific actions lowlands
Specific actions – lowlands
  • Adapt the management of lowland hay meadows
  • Restore and re-create wet grassland and wet woodland
  • Promote the return of semi-improved grasslands to species-rich grassland
  • Review hedgerow management
specific actions ecosystem services
Specific actions – ecosystem services
  • Provide shelter for livestock in summer
  • Monitor pests and diseases
  • Increase genotypic variation in plantation woodlands
  • Woodland creation and management linked to wood-fuel production
  • Review reservoir operations
  • Increase frequency of vegetation management at important historic and geological sites
  • Increase maintenance on rights of way and amenity areas
adaptation actions
Adaptation actions
  • Drawn from current understanding of good conservation practice
  • Existing management – uplands
  • Focus action on fringe and lowland landscapes
  • Embedding adaptation
  • Prioritise actions with multiple benefits
  • Recognise potential conflict between actions – further assessment
next steps
Next steps
  • Highlighted areas for further work:
      • Consider in-direct impacts – response of other sectors
      • Monitoring of species at risk
      • Monitoring of adaptation actions – enable review of action plan
      • Research peat soil conservation methods
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Nikki van Dijk

  • Environmental Scientist
  • Climate Change and Environmental Futures, Atkins Ltd.
  • nikki.vandijk@atkinsglobal.com