IRR Safety Management System Bureau of Indian Affairs & Federal Lands Highway 15th NW Tribal Transportation Symposium
Outline • What is known about Tribal transportation safety • Define Safety Management System • BIA Safety Management System
What is known • Motor vehicle fatalities are the leading cause of death of Indian people ages 1 through 44. • Alcohol is the leading cause of motor vehicle crashes. • Motor vehicle fatality rate among Indians is 2 to 3 times the rate for non- Indians. Source: INDIAN STATE TRAFFIC RECORDS ASSESSMENT April 25 - 29, 2005
Tribal Reservations with Safety Belt Use Subject to Tribal Traffic Law Enforcement Area Number Total Population* % Native American* Great Lakes 13 39,797 30% Northern Plains 20 162,659 60% Northwest 29 101,425 34% South Central 11 52,850 19% South & East 33 33,496 65% Southwest 71 322,023 80% Total 177 712,250 61%_____ *Source: 2000 U.S. Census Source: Safety Belt Use Estimate for Native American “Tribal Reservations”Subject to Tribal Law and Tribal Traffic Enforcement. NHTSA Traffic Tech Publications Number 304 September 2005 What is known
What is known • belt use rate • male passengers in pickups 39.1% • female drivers of SUVs 67.7 %. Source: Safety Belt Use Estimate for Native American “Tribal Reservations”Subject to Tribal Law and Tribal Traffic Enforcement. NHTSA Traffic Tech Publications Number 304 September 2005
What is known • Reservations had primary safety belt laws. Use rate 68.6%. • Reservations had secondary belt laws. Use rate 53.2% • No belt use laws. Use rate 26.4%. Source: Safety Belt Use Estimate for Native American “Tribal Reservations”Subject to Tribal Law and Tribal Traffic Enforcement. NHTSA Traffic Tech Publications Number 304 September 2005
Addressing Transportation Safety Safety Management System
Development of SMS for Indian Reservation Roads • FHWA published rule on February 7, 2004 Title: Federal Lands Highway Program; Management Systems Pertaining to the Bureau of Indian Affairs and the Indian Reservation Roads Program
Various Management Systems • Pavement • Bridge • Safety • Congestion
What is a Safety Management System? • A Tool used by decision makers to have the ability to systematically identify, prioritize, correct, and evaluate the performance of their transportation safety investments.
SMS Goal Ensuring that improvements to roadway safety are: • Identified • Considered • Implemented • Evaluated
SMS Application During all phases of development: • Planning • Design • Construction • Operation • Maintenance
Purpose Provide a strategic approach for: • Transportation planning • Program development • Project selection
Approach • Strategic Highway Safety Plan for Indian Lands • Indian Reservation Roads Safety Management Implementation Plan
Did You Know? Improvements at Intersections Reduction in Fatality Rate Sight distance improvements 56 percent New traffic signals 53 percent Turning lanes and traffic channelization 47 percent Bridge Improvements Reduction in Fatality Rate New bridge 86 percent Upgrade bridge rail 75 percent Widening a bridge 49 percent Roadway Improvements Reduction in Fatality Rate Construct median for traffic separation 73 percent Realign roadway 66 percent Groove pavement for skid treatment 33 percent Widen or improve shoulder 22 percent Roadside Improvements Reduction in Fatality Rate Upgrade median barrier 66 percent New median barrier 63 percent Source: TRIP Publication February 2005 http://www.tripnet.org/hsfactsheet.htm
Emphasis Areas 1) decision making processes 2) data collection 3) run off the road crashes 4) occupant protection/child restraint 5) alcohol/drug impaired driving 6) other driver behavior and awareness 7) drivers under the age of 35 8) pedestrian safety.
Steering Committee • Ensuring that the intent of the strategic plan is preserved • Monitoring of transportation safety statistics in Indian Lands • Sharing successes and best practices • Development of an action specific Safety Management System Implementation Plan.
SMS Committee Back Row: left to right • Cordell Ringell –Montana/Wyoming Tribal Leaders Council • Kirk Vinish – Lummi Nation • Jon Otterson – Spokane Tribe • Bob Bini – FLH DC • Rudy Umps – FHWA DC • Greg Schertz – FLH CFL Front Row: right to left • Marcia Marsh – WA State FARS • LeRoy Gishi – BIADOT • Joseph Bonga – BIA NWRO • Craig Genzlinger – MT/FHWA • Kyle Kitchel – BIA NWRO • Chimai Ngo – FLH DC