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Airports Safety Management System. Integrating Planning Into the Process. SMS is a quality process that provides feedback for continuous improvement. Safety Management System– SMS . A process for achieving acceptable levels of safety risk* Elements Policy Commitment Boundaries

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Airports Safety Management System

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airports safety management system

Airports Safety Management System

Integrating Planning Into the Process

safety management system sms

SMS is a quality process that provides feedback for continuous improvement

Safety Management System– SMS
  • A process for achieving acceptable levels of safety risk*
  • Elements
    • Policy
      • Commitment
      • Boundaries
    • Safety Risk Management
      • Analyze Risk
      • Control Risks (mitigate)
      • Accept Risks
      • System Changes
    • Assurance
      • System performance
      • Hazard identification
    • Promotion
      • Communication, outreach, culture and human resources

* FAA Order 8000.369,

Safety Management System Guidance

safety risk management srm
Describe the System





Media or Environment

Identify Hazards

What can go wrong


System State


Analyze Risks

Existing controls



Assess Risks

Single point failure

Common cause failure

Risk acceptability– high, medium, or low

Treat Risks– Mitigation





Implementation and monitoring

Safety Risk Management– SRM


airport planning
Airport Planning
  • Existing Conditions Inventory
  • Aviation Forecasts
  • Facility Requirements
  • Alternatives Development and Evaluation
  • Airport Layout Plan
  • Project Selection and Implementation
    • Project sequencing and master schedule
    • Environmental review
    • Financing
    • (Safety assessment and acceptance)

 Airport Planning SRM

A Process For Satisfying Long-term Aeronautical Demand

airport planning srm context
Airport Planning SRM Context

Airport Process (SMS)


Airport Planning SRM


system infrastructure and operations
System Infrastructure and Operations
  • Infrastructure and Operations
    • Infrastructure can (almost always) be operated in a safe manner
    • Therefore, system operations ultimately determine system safety.
  • SMS balances operational production and safety
    • Therefore, airport infrastructure must provide for a safe operation that meets aeronautical demands
    • Airport production can be measured in terms of system capacity, efficiency and utility
  • Infrastructure
    • Provided by the Airport, ATO Tech Ops
    • Approved and funded by ARP
  • Operations– Provided by…
    • Flight Operations: Air Traffic (ATO), Flight Standards, etc
    • Airport Operations: Airport
    • Aircraft Operations: Pilot

 Airport Planning

planning process decisions



Planning Process Decisions



Time Line



New operations begin

planning process and srm

Complete SRM

Start SRM*

Planning Process and SRM




*Planning Safety Assessment)


planning safety assessment
Planning Safety Assessment
  • Develop Alternatives
  • Preliminary Hazard Identification & Risk Assessment
  • Modification of Standards
  • Identify Potential Limitations
    • Aircraft
    • Taxiways
    • Runways
    • Procedures
    • Capacity
  • Establish Efficiency, Capacity and Utility Targets
concurrent planning
Concurrent Planning…
  • Begin with the end in mind– operational benefits for the aviation system
  • Initial planning must include safety as well as other considerations
  • Assemble a complete complement of stakeholders, including operations safety
  • Capture and apply critical safety decisions to each subsequent phase of the airport planning and development process

SRM Benchmarks for Airport Planning

implementation studies
What– Incorporate SRM into the airport planning and development process

Master Planning and ALP Approval

Environmental Review

Modification of Standards

Construction Safety Phasing

How– Test various SRM approaches to the planning/development process


Airport SRM

ARP Contractor SRM


Case studies

Implementation Studies
  • FAA Team Effort
  • Interview Participants
  • Identify Lessons Learned and Best Practices
  • Apply to SRM Guidance
srm approaches
SRM Approaches
  • ATO SRMSRM panel facilitated by ATO. Expand the current ATO role and require more involvement from ARP to address the entire airfield, including proposed development and the associated airspace.
  • Airport SRMAirport sponsor hires a safety consultant to perform a safety assessment. Readily funded by the Airport Improvement Program (AIP). Airport sponsor has direct control over airport safety operations during and after construction.
  • ARP Contractor SRMSRM panel facilitated by the ARP SMS support contractor. Can effectively leverage the outcomes for ARP guidance.
  • PassivePassive participation in the planning process. Observe and propose how a new SRM process could be incorporated into existing planning process steps. Minimal impact on the existing planning process.
  • Case studiesReview outcomes and interview participants of completed ATO SRM processes
thanks for your time
Thanks for Your Time…


Lets get out there and

learn how to apply

SRM to airport planning!!!