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Three Types of Verbs

Three Types of Verbs

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Three Types of Verbs

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  1. Three Types of Verbs Grammar Unit #2 – Lesson #1

  2. Action Verbs • Action verbs express action by describing the behavior of a person, place or thing. • They may describe physical or mental actions.

  3. Action Verbs • John thinks about books every day. • The truck driver honks his horn. • Mary jumped rope every Saturday.

  4. Action Verbs • Trick: To identify a word as an action verb, ask yourself: “Does this word express something I can do?” • For example, let’s look at the following sentence: Mary jumped rope every Saturday. • Can you Mary? No. • Can you jump? Yes. • Can you rope? No. • Therefore, the verb is jumped.

  5. Linking Verbs • Linking verbs link the subject of the sentence with the rest of the sentence. • Manylinking verbs are forms of “to be.” • Let’s take a look at some examples: • James is a nice person. • The new cat could be a calico.

  6. Linking Verbs • Just as action verbs describe what a subject does, linking verbs describe the subject in some other way. • Most often, they define or describe the subject of the sentence. • James is a nice person. • (James is defined as a nice person) • The new cat was a calico. • (The new cat was describedas a calico.) • Remember the “equals” trick! • James = a nice person

  7. Helping Verbs • Helping verbs act as “helpers” to other verbs. • Let’s view some examples: • The Girl Scouts aremeeting after school today. • We have beenwaiting for twenty minutes in the dentist’s office.

  8. Helping Verbs • There are 23 helping verbs, and they are usually arranged into five different groups.

  9. Practice • Identify the verb in each sentence and indicate whether it includes an action verb, a linking verb, or a helping verb. • 1. We ate lunch around 2 p.m. yesterday. • 2. I may apply for a job at Macy’s in Exton Mall. • 3. I am anxious to finish the research project. • 4. The ducks were swimming in the pond during our picnic. • 5. The weather has been hot and dry all summer.

  10. More Practice • Identify the verb in each sentence and indicate whether it includes an action verb, a linking verb, or a helping verb. • 6. I went to the beach on Tuesday afternoon and played volleyball. • 7. I can finish that essay exam before I go to the movies. • 8. I should bake the cake for Mom’s birthday. • 9. We have been ill all weekend. • 10. The dogs tore open the trash bags and • messed up the house.

  11. Answers 1. ate = action 2. may = helping; apply = action 3. am = linking 4. were = helping; swimming = action 5. has been = linking 6. went = action; played = action 7. can = helping; finish = action; go = action 8. should = helping; bake = action 9. have been = linking. 10. tore = action; messed = action